Lake Iznik

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Lake İznik
Lake Iznik NASA.jpg
View from space
Location Bursa Province
Coordinates 40°26′N 29°31′E / 40.43°N 29.52°E / 40.43; 29.52Coordinates: 40°26′N 29°31′E / 40.43°N 29.52°E / 40.43; 29.52
Basin countries Turkey
Max. length 32 km (20 miles)
Max. width 10 km (6.2 miles)
Surface area 298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Max. depth 80 m (260 ft)
Surface elevation 85 m (279 ft)

Lake Iznik (Turkish: İznik Gölü) is a lake in the Province of Bursa, Turkey. It is around 32 km in length and 10 km in width with a maximum depth of about 80 m. The town of Iznik (historically known as Nicaea) lies at its eastern end. The lake's Ancient Greek name was Askania, (Ασκάνια).


In Greek mythology, during the Trojan War the region by the Lake İznik was held by the Phrygians, who sent troops to the aid of King Priam, led by the brothers Phorcys and Ascanius, sons of Aretaon as related in the Iliad.

Ascanius, son of Aretaon, should not be confused with Ascanius (son of Aeneas) or Ascanius (son of Priam), who also feature in legends of the Trojan War.

In the 1920s, the region was known for rice production.[1]

Important Bird Area[edit]

The lake, which is in unprotected status, was declared by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area in 1989 for its waterfowl species, which are threatened through development of İznik as recreational center and pollution.[2]

Lake İznik, as seen from the town of İznik.


  1. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. 
  2. ^ "Important Bird Areas In Turkey: Unprotected And Under Threat æauthors=Grimmett, R. F. A. & M. Kasparek, A. Kılıç, A. Ertan I" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-13. 

External links[edit]