Lake Jackson, Texas

Coordinates: 29°2′13″N 95°26′18″W / 29.03694°N 95.43833°W / 29.03694; -95.43833
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Lake Jackson, Texas
Alden B. Dow Office and Lake Jackson City Hall
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 29°2′13″N 95°26′18″W / 29.03694°N 95.43833°W / 29.03694; -95.43833
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Bob Sipple
Heather Melass
Will Brooks
Glenda V Mendoza
Scott Schwertner
Jon 'JB' Baker
 • City ManagerWilliam P. Yenne
 • Total21.22 sq mi (54.95 km2)
 • Land19.74 sq mi (51.13 km2)
 • Water1.48 sq mi (3.82 km2)
13 ft (4 m)
 • Total28,177
 • Density1,378.93/sq mi (532.40/km2)
Time zoneUTC–6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC–5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code979
FIPS code48-40588[2]
GNIS feature ID1360850[3]

Lake Jackson is a city in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, within the Greater Houston metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, the city population was 28,177.[4]

In 1942 a portion of Lake Jackson was first developed as a company town for workers of the Dow Chemical Company; it developed 5,000 acres on the former Abner Jackson Plantation. An oxbow lake was also named after the planter, whose house was located at the lake. Minor ruins of the Lake Jackson Plantation can now be seen in a park at the site.


The city was built in the early 1940s as a planned community, designed by Alden B. Dow of Midland, Michigan for workers in support of a new plant of the Dow Chemical Company, which his father owned. The City of Lake Jackson was incorporated March 14, 1944, and voted for home rule ten years later in 1954.


The city of Lake Jackson is located in south-central Brazoria County, and is bordered to the east by the cities of Clute and Richwood, and to the southwest by the Brazos River. Texas State Highway 288, the Nolan Ryan Expressway, runs through the city, leading 10 miles (16 km) north to Angleton, the county seat, 52 miles (84 km) north to downtown Houston, and 9 miles (14 km) southeast to Freeport on the Gulf of Mexico.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Lake Jackson has a total area of 20.9 square miles (54.2 km2), of which 19.5 square miles (50.4 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), or 7.11%, is water.[4]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
Lake Jackson racial composition as of 2020[6]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 16,442 58.35%
Black or African American (NH) 1,495 5.31%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 97 0.34%
Asian (NH) 912 3.24%
Pacific Islander (NH) 8 0.03%
Some Other Race (NH) 147 0.52%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,052 3.73%
Hispanic or Latino 8,024 28.48%
Total 28,177

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 28,177 people, 10,074 households, and 7,028 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 26,849 people, 10,319 households, and 7,134 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,386.0 inhabitants per square mile (535.1/km2). There were 11,149 housing units at an average density of 550.2 per square mile (212.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.36% White, 5.10% African American, 0.52% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.44% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.53% of the population.

There were 9,588 households, out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. Twenty percent of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.41% under the age of 18, 5.61% from 20 to 24, 12.51% from 25 to 34, 20.60% from 35 to 49, 20.10% from 50 to 64, and 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.06 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,901, and the median income for a family was $69,053. Males had a median income of $60,143 versus $30,398 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,877. About 5.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.


Gas station and convenience store chain Buc-ee's has its headquarters in Lake Jackson.[9]

The Dow Chemical Company and the Brazosport Independent School District are major employers of residents. Dow planned to develop this community in 1941 as a 5,000-acre residential area for workers at its Freeport plant. Lake Jackson is now home to other chemical and manufacturing facilities, along with many other types of businesses. In Lake Jackson's early days, Dow helped to create a booming economy. In 2014 it announced an expansion project that is estimated to bring nearly 2,000 employees to the area.[10]

The unemployment rate in Lake Jackson, TX, is 8.40%, with job growth of 2.40%. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 36.40%. The income per capita is $30,625, which includes all adults and children. The median household income is $68,391. The sales tax rate in Lake Jackson, TX, is 8.25%.[11]

Sales tax income represents a population of over 70,000 indicating the draw of the retail shopping from the area.

Arts and culture[edit]

The Lake Jackson Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System.

Wetlands boardwalk at Sea Center Texas in Lake Jackson. Built in 1996, the center features an aquarium, education center, and the world's largest redfish hatchery.[12]


Lake Jackson is within Texas's 14th congressional district and is represented by Randy Weber.


Public schools[edit]

The public schools in the city are operated by Brazosport Independent School District. Some parts of the city limits fall in the Angleton Independent School District and the Columbia-Brazoria Independent School District.[13]

K–5 elementary schools within Lake Jackson include:

  • O.M. Roberts Elementary School
  • A.P. Beutel Elementary School (2007 National Blue Ribbon School)[14]
  • Bess Brannen Elementary School
  • Elisabet Ney Elementary School
  • T.W. Ogg Elementary

Residents are zoned to:

Private schools[edit]

Private schools within Lake Jackson include:


Brazosport College is a public community college located in Lake Jackson, with the majority of the Lake Jackson city limits in the college's district.[18] The Texas Legislature designated Brazosport ISD, Columbia-Brazoria ISD, and portions of Angleton ISD that by September 1, 1995 had not been annexed by Alvin Community College as in the Brazosport College zone.[19][20]

It was recently[when?] upgraded to offer a baccalaureate degree in certain technical fields. It is also distinguished for its professional music hall, The Clarion.[citation needed]


In September 2020, brain-eating amoeba were detected in the Lake Jackson drinking water supply, resulting in the death of a 6-year-old boy.[21] Eleven samples were taken around the city, and of those, three returned a preliminary positive results: the hose bib at the victim's home, a hydrant at a dead end street, and a storage tank at the city splash pad.[22] This resulted in Brazosport Water Authority issuing a do-not-use order on tap water in late September 2020.[22]


Texas Gulf Coast Regional Airport serves Lake Jackson.

Mass transit[edit]

Southern Brazoria County Transit provides bus service options for Lake Jackson, Clute, Freeport and Angleton.


State Highway 288. Northbound SH 288 to Houston. Southbound, SH 288 routes to Freeport.

Texas State Highway 332 extends from its west end SH 36 in Brazoria to its east end at Surfside Beach.


  • The city's layout and the six designs for homes were completed by Michigan architect Alden B. Dow.
  • All streets radiating from downtown end in the word "Way." Among the streets are Center Way, Winding Way, Circle Way, and Parking Way. There is an intersection of two streets named This Way and That Way. In the same spirit, a local church near Bess Brannen Elementary placed a small sign in their driveway named His Way. There is also an Any Way.
  • Most other streets were named after some form of flora. As the city grew and common names such as Pine, Mulberry, and Oak were taken, developers had to become more creative; thus, among the plants used are Jalapeño, Tangerine, Mango, and Habañero. The highways running through Lake Jackson, (Texas Highways 288 & 332) and Oyster Creek Drive, are exceptions to the naming conventions. The naming convention of "Drive," meaning a route into or out of town, is less honored today than in the beginning.
  • Dow intentionally laid out the streets so that they seldom follow straight paths. He wanted to maintain as many trees as possible, a principle still practiced in the development of new subdivisions. In addition, he thought that curving streets provided more surprises in unfolding vistas. Lake Jackson is a part of the National Arbor Day Foundation's Tree City USA list. Also, many of the streets follow Oyster Creek, which twists and winds through town. In many areas of town one can travel in any of the four compass directions and have the same commute time and distance to a destination across town.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lake Jackson city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  7. ^ [not specific enough to verify]
  8. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Buc-ee's. Retrieved on February 18, 2011. "327 Hwy 2004 Rd Lake Jackson, Texas 77566."
  10. ^ "Daddy Dow gives Lake Jackson another gift", Biz Journals, March 2014
  11. ^ "Lake Jackson, Texas", Best Places
  12. ^ Kirk, Bryan (April 25, 2018). "Sea Center Texas Offers Enhanced Aquarium Experiences". Patch.
  13. ^ "2020 Census School District Reference Map" (PDF).
  14. ^ "2007 No Child Left Behind – Blue Ribbon Schools: All Public Elementary Schools" (PDF). US Department of Education. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  15. ^ "Home - Brazosport Christian School". Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  16. ^ "Our Lady Queen of Peace Catholic School - Richwood, TX". Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  17. ^ "Foundation Preparatory Academy – Foundation Preparatory Academy". Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  18. ^ "Brazosport College Map" (PDF). Brazoria County Appraisal District. Retrieved June 18, 2020. - The map only shows areas in Brazosport ISD. The definition of the college district from the Texas Legislature (which includes both taxed and non-taxed areas) is broader than this map.
  19. ^ Texas Education Code Sec. 130.170. BRAZOSPORT COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.
  20. ^ The Taxation Map and College Zone map of Alvin Community College do not show Lake Jackson, and based upon Texas Education Code Sec. 130.170. portions of Lake Jackson in Angleton ISD would be in the Brazosport College zone.
  21. ^ "6-year-old boy dies after suffering from brain-eating amoeba". NBC News. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
  22. ^ a b Waller, Allyson (September 27, 2020). "Brain-Eating Amoeba Found in Lake Jackson, Texas, Water Supply". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[7][8]

External links[edit]