Lake Jackson, Texas
|Lake Jackson, Texas|
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Joe Rinehart
Glenda V Mendoza
Jon 'JB' Baker
|• City Manager||William P. Yenne|
|• Total||20.9 sq mi (54.2 km2)|
|• Land||19.5 sq mi (50.4 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)|
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
|• Density||1,381/sq mi (533.2/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC–6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC–5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1360850|
In 1942 a portion of Lake Jackson was first developed as a company town for workers of the Dow Chemical Company; it developed 5,000 acres on the former Abner Jackson Plantation. An oxbow lake was also named after the planter, whose house was located at the lake. Minor ruins of the Lake Jackson Plantation can now be seen in a park at the site.
The city of Lake Jackson is located in south-central Brazoria County, and is bordered to the east by the cities of Clute and Richwood, and to the southwest by the Brazos River. Texas State Highway 288, the Nolan Ryan Expressway, runs through the city, leading 10 miles (16 km) north to Angleton, the county seat, 52 miles (84 km) north to downtown Houston, and 9 miles (14 km) southeast to Freeport on the Gulf of Mexico.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Lake Jackson has a total area of 20.9 square miles (54.2 km2), of which 19.5 square miles (50.4 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), or 7.11%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 26,849 people, 10,319 households, and 7,134 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,386.0 people per square mile (535.1/km²). There were 11,149 housing units at an average density of 550.2 per square mile (212.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.36% White, 5.10% African American, 0.52% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.44% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.53% of the population.
There were 9,588 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. Twenty percent of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.41% under the age of 18, 5.61% from 20 to 24, 12.51% from 25 to 34, 20.60% from 35 to 49, 20.10% from 50 to 64, and 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.06 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $60,901, and the median income for a family was $69,053. Males had a median income of $60,143 versus $30,398 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,877. About 5.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
The city was built in the early 1940s as a planned community, designed by Alden B. Dow of Midland, Michigan for workers in support of a new plant of the Dow Chemical Company, which his father owned. The City of Lake Jackson was incorporated March 14, 1944, and voted for home rule ten years later in 1954.
Government and politics
The Dow Chemical Company and the Brazosport Independent School District are major employers of residents. Dow planned to develop this community in 1941 as a 5,000-acre residential area for workers at its Freeport plant; he is sometimes referred to as "Daddy Dow." Lake Jackson is now home to other chemical and manufacturing facilities, along with many other types of businesses. In Lake Jackson's early days, Dow helped to create a booming economy. In 2014 it announced an expansion project that is estimated to bring nearly 2,000 employees to the area.
The unemployment rate in Lake Jackson, TX, is 8.40%, with job growth of 2.40%. Future job growth over the next ten years is predicted to be 36.40%. The income per capita is $30,625, which includes all adults and children. The median household income is $68,391. The sales tax rate in Lake Jackson, TX, is 8.25%.
Sales tax income represents a population of over 70,000 indicating the draw of the retail shopping from the area.
Brazosport College is a public community college which was recently upgraded to offer a baccalaureate degree in certain technical fields. It is also distinguished for its professional music hall, The Clarion. Brazosport College's Music Department has been able to bring many successful music artists to Lake Jackson, including Rita Coolidge, Lyle Lovett, Don McLean, Phil Woods, and John Pizarelli.
The public schools in the city are operated by Brazosport Independent School District.
K-5 elementary schools within Lake Jackson include:
- O.M. Roberts Elementary School
- A.P. Beutel Elementary School (2007 National Blue Ribbon School)
- Bess Brannen Elementary School
- Elisabet Ney Elementary School
- T.W. Ogg Elementary
Residents are zoned to:
- Grady B. Rasco Middle School (5–6)
- Lake Jackson Intermediate School (7–8)
- Brazoswood High School (9–12, in Clute, Texas)
The private schools within Lake Jackson include:
- Brazosport Christian School, K-12th grade
- Our Lady Queen of Peace, K-8th grade
- Foundation Preparatory Academy, 3-10th grade
The Lake Jackson Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System.
Brazoria County Airport serves Lake Jackson.
||State Highway 288. Northbound SH 288 to Houston. Southbound, SH 288 routes to Freeport.|
- The city's layout and the six designs for homes were completed by Michigan architect Alden B. Dow.
- All streets radiating from downtown end in the word "Way." Among the streets are Center Way, Winding Way, Circle Way, and Parking Way. There is an intersection of two streets named This Way and That Way. In the same spirit, a local church near Bess Brannen Elementary placed a small sign in their driveway named His Way. There is also an Any Way.
- Most other streets were named after some form of flora. As the city grew and common names such as Pine, Mulberry, and Oak were taken, developers had to become more creative; thus, among the plants used are Jalapeño, Tangerine, Mango, and Habañero. The highways running through Lake Jackson, (Texas Highways 288 & 332) and Oyster Creek Drive, are exceptions to the naming conventions. The naming convention of "Drive," meaning a route into or out of town, is less honored today than in the beginning.
- Dow intentionally laid out the streets so that they seldom follow straight paths. He wanted to maintain as many trees as possible, a principle still practiced in the development of new subdivisions. In addition, he thought that curving streets provided more surprises in unfolding vistas. Lake Jackson is a part of the National Arbor Day Foundation's Tree City USA list. Also, many of the streets follow Oyster Creek, which twists and winds through town. In many areas of town one can travel in any of the four compass directions and have the same commute time and distance to a destination across town.
- J. E. "Buster" Brown, who represented District 17 in the Texas Senate from 1981 to 2002
- Robert Ellis (guitarist), Country, bluegrass and folk singer born, and spent most of his childhood, in Lake Jackson.
- Rand Paul, U.S. senator from Kentucky since 2012; spent most of his childhood in Lake Jackson
- Ron Paul, U.S. representative from Texas's 14th congressional district as well as a Republican presidential candidate in 2008 and 2012. He also ran as the Libertarian Party candidate in 1988.
- Selena Quintanilla-Pérez (1971-95), Tejano pop singer, known as the Queen of Tejano music, born in Lake Jackson.
- King Hill, All-American quarterback at Rice University, first round pick in the 1958 NFL draft, and long-time pro quarterback grew up in Lake Jackson.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lake Jackson city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Contact Us." Buc-ee's. Retrieved on February 18, 2011. "327 Hwy 2004 Rd Lake Jackson, Texas 77566."
- "Daddy Dow gives Lake Jackson another gift", Biz Journals, March 2014
- "Lake Jackson, Texas", Best Places
- "2007 No Child Left Behind – Blue Ribbon Schools: All Public Elementary Schools" (PDF). US Department of Education. Retrieved March 1, 2011.