|Surface area||6.13 km2 (2.37 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||15.2 m (50 ft)|
|Shore length1||19.08 km (11.86 mi)|
|Surface elevation||833 m (2,733 ft)|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Lake Kawaguchi (河口湖, Kawaguchi-ko) is located in the border of the towns of Fujikawaguchiko and Minobu in southern Yamanashi Prefecture near Mount Fuji, Japan. It is the second largest of the Fuji Five Lakes in terms of surface area, and is located at the lowest elevation. It is situated at an altitude of approximately 800 metres, which accounts for its relatively cool summers and frequently icy winters. It also has the longest shoreline of any of the Fuji Five Lakes.
The lake has no natural outlet, and flooding of settlements on its shores was a problem until the construction of a canal, completed in 1914, to connect it to a tributary of the Sagami River.
As with the other Fuji Five Lakes, the area is a popular resort, with many lakeside hotels, windsurfing facilities, camp sites, and excursion boats. Japanese crucian carp and wakasagi were introduced to the lake in the Meiji period, and sports fishing is also popular. Lake Kawaguchi is the most popular of the Fuji Five Lakes in terms of tourists, and has the most developed tourist infrastructure. The area also serves as a major hub for those wishing to climb Mount Fuji during the climbing season (July and August), and is also popular with photographers due to the panoramic views of the mountain from the shore.
One of the best ways to visit the lake from Tokyo is the JR operated Limited Express Fuji Excursion. The train runs up to three times daily from Shinjuku Station.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake Kawaguchi.|
- "Yamanashi Sightseeing Net". yamanashi-kankou.jp. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park Archived 2012-08-28 at the Wayback Machine(Ministry of the Environment (Japan))
- "Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration: Maps". World Heritage. UNESCO. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "TrainReview's guide to the Limited Express Fuji Excursion".