Lake Macleod

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lake Macleod
Lake macleod.jpg
Lake Macleod as viewed from space (in 1989).
Lake Macleod is located in Western Australia
Lake Macleod
Lake Macleod
Location in Western Australia
LocationGascoyne, Western Australia
Coordinates24°07′04″S 113°39′27″E / 24.11778°S 113.65750°E / -24.11778; 113.65750Coordinates: 24°07′04″S 113°39′27″E / 24.11778°S 113.65750°E / -24.11778; 113.65750
TypeFreshwater
Primary inflowsLyndon River, Minilya River
Basin countriesAustralia
Surface area1,500 km2 (580 sq mi)
Average depth1.5 m (4.9 ft)
Max. depth1.5 m (4.9 ft)
References[1]

Lake Macleod is the westernmost lake in Australia. The lake lies in the Gascoyne region of Western Australia, north of the small coastal city of Carnarvon.

History[edit]

Dirk Hartog, a Dutchman, made the first authenticated landing by a European along this coastline in 1616. Early explorers recorded phenomenal tidal ranges along this coast.

Description[edit]

Climatically, this part of Western Australia is greatly influenced by the north-flowing Western Australian Current that brings cool water northward from Antarctica, which is not conducive to producing inland precipitation. This cool offshore current, coupled with a very flat coastal plain, contributes to the near-desert-like conditions along the coastal region as evidenced by the brown landscape around the lake and the highly reflective salt beds within the lake. The low point in the lake appears to be near the northern end where the light blues indicate some standing water. Close inspection of the image discloses very faint lines at the southernmost end of Lake Macleod where large evaporation beds are used for the production of high-quality salt and gypsum.[2]

Environment[edit]

The lake is recognised as a DIWA wetland as it is an outstanding example of a major lake situated on the coast that is periodically inundated by freshwater[3]

Birds[edit]

Some 382 square kilometres (147 sq mi) of the permanent ponds in the north-western part of the lake have been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because they support fairy terns, over 1% of the world populations of red-necked stints, curlew sandpipers, banded stilts, red-necked avocets and red-capped plovers, as well as a population of dusky gerygones.[4] The northern ponds consist of intermittently flooded, brackish to hypersaline mudflats surrounding saline springs and permanent saline channels and lagoons. Large numbers of red knots, Australian pelicans, little black cormorants, black-tailed godwits and black-winged stilts have been recorded. A substantial population of canary white-eyes is present.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lake Macleod". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government.
  2. ^ For current operations see - http://www.dampiersalt.com.au/ENG/sales/1148_lake_macleod.asp , for historical photographs and earlier operator see http://henrietta.liswa.wa.gov.au/record=b2452404~S2 for photographs of the 1970s
  3. ^ "DIWA information Sheet". 2010. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  4. ^ "IBA: Lake MacLeod". Birdata. Birds Australia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  5. ^ BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake MacLeod. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29 July 2011