Lake Meke with volcanic cone inside
|Location||Karapınar, Konya Province|
|Lake type||Crater lake|
|Max. length||800 m (2,600 ft)|
|Max. width||500 m (1,600 ft)|
|Average depth||12 m (39 ft)|
|Surface elevation||981 m (3,219 ft)|
|Official name||Meke Maar|
|Designated||21 July 2005|
It was formed by the flooding of the crater of an extinct volcano, which took shape about 4 million years ago when the volcano erupted. About 9,000 years ago, a second eruption formed another volcanic cone inside the lake with a maar. Lake Meke now consists of two lakes with various islets. It is 800 m (2,600 ft) long and 500 m (1,600 ft) wide with a depth of 12 m (39 ft). The inner lake inside the 50 m (160 ft)-high volcanic cone is 25 m (82 ft) deep, and contains saline water. The volcanic cone island resisted erosion by the harsh weather conditions due to its massive material, and has retained its form for thousands of years.
Lake Meke was declared a first grade protected area in 1989. It was registered as a natural monument in 1998. On June 21, 2005, the lake and its surrounding area was declared a Ramsar site because of its international importance for wildfowl.
Declining water level
A scientist from Selçuk University in Konya stated in 2009 that the lake had nearly dried up. He stated that the reason behind this was the uncontrolled extraction of water for agricultural irrigation and overdrafting. In 2012, it was reported that the lake's capacity had decreased by about 60% within the last twenty years and that there was a risk that it would dry out completely. In many sections of the lake, the water was becoming increasingly saline and crystallization was occurring. A drought season in 2014 caused a lowering of the groundwater level which was responsible for the further drying out of the lake to an extent of almost 99%. The remaining water body was turned red by the large quantity of microorganisms present in the brackish water. Nearly a hundred species of bird which were previously seen at the lake, had by 2015 moved elsewhere.
- "Meke Maar". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
- "Meke Maarı – Konya" (in Turkish). Türkiye Sulak Alanları. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "Turkey". Ramsar. Retrieved 2017-02-10.
- "Turkey's Important Wetlands – Ramsar Sites" (PDF). Türkiye Sulak Alanları. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- "Dünyanın nazar boncuğu Meke Gölü, haritadan silinme noktasına geldi". Milliyet (in Turkish). 2009-09-20. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "Meke Gölü kuruyor". Vatan (in Turkish). 2012-07-15. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- Yıldız, Mehmet Kayhan (2014-08-01). "Dünyanın 'nazar boncuğu' Meke Gölü kurudu". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2017-01-15.
- "'Dünyanın nazar boncuğu' kuruyor". Sabah (in Turkish). 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2017-01-15.
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