Lake Mohave

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For the ancient former lake, see Lake Mojave.
Lake Mohave
Kayaks on Lake Mohave.jpeg
View of Lake Mohave from the Nevada shore
Location Mohave County, Arizona / Clark County, Nevada, US
Coordinates 35°26′14″N 114°38′37″W / 35.43722°N 114.64361°W / 35.43722; -114.64361Coordinates: 35°26′14″N 114°38′37″W / 35.43722°N 114.64361°W / 35.43722; -114.64361
Type reservoir
Basin countries United States
Surface area 26,500 acres (10,700 ha)
Average depth 75 ft (23 m)
Water volume 246,100,000 m3
200,000 acre-feet
Surface elevation 647 ft (197 m)

Lake Mohave is a reservoir on the Colorado River between the Hoover Dam and Davis Dam in Cottonwood Valley defining the border between Nevada and Arizona in the United States. This 67 mile stretch of the Colorado River flows past Boulder City, Nelson, Searchlight, Cottonwood Cove, Cal-Nev-Ari, and Laughlin to the west in Nevada and Willow Beach and Bullhead City to the east in Arizona. A maximum width of 4 miles wide and an elevation of 647 feet (197 m), Lake Mohave encompasses 28,260 acres of water.[1] As Lake Mead lies to the north of the Hoover Dam, Lake Mohave and adjacent lands forming its shoreline are part of the Lake Mead National Recreation Area administered by the U.S. National Park Service.

Resorts and recreation[edit]

There are three resorts on Lake Mohave: Katherine Landing and Willow Beach in Arizona and Cottonwood Cove in Nevada. Katherine Landing and Cottonwood Cove resorts offer lodging, RV parks with utility hook-ups, campgrounds, a restaurant a store, and marinas with gas docks.[2] Popular recreational activities in Lake Mohave are swimming, kayaking, fishing, boating, and skiing. There are kayaking, scuba diving, and fishing supplies in Bullhead City, which borders the southernmost point of Lake Mohave. Lake Mohave offers year-round recreational opportunities. Its clear water caters to boaters, swimmers, and fishermen while its desert rewards hikers, wildlife photographers, and roadside sightseers. It is also home to thousands of desert plants and animals, adapted to survive in an extreme place where rain is scarce and temperatures soar.[3]

Scuba diving[edit]

Lake Mead National Recreation Area, which encompasses Lake Mead, Lake Mohave and a portion of the Colorado River, offers good diving opportunities for both novice and advanced divers.[4] At Lake Mohave, divers can explore Black Canyon, which has excellent diving conditions. Advanced divers can check out Ringbolt Rapids, where swift water makes for an additional challenge. Work Barge on the Arizona side has a 38-foot tow barge that sank in 1946. Cabinsite Point has two boat wrecks to view.

Personal Watercraft[edit]

PWCs allowed to be operated within Lake Mead National Recreation Area, which encompasses Lake Mead and Lake Mohave, include any four-stroke, and two-strokes meeting EPA 2006 emission standards. As of December 31, 2012 many two-stroke personal watercraft are no longer allowed to operate within Lake Mead National Recreation Area.[5] These include any PWC with a carbureted two-stroke engine. Enforcement began January 1, 2013 as part of a ten-year phase-in, based on the final rule to prohibit these PWCs being approved in April 2003.[6]

Hot Springs[edit]

The volcanic origin of Black Canyon and Cottonwood Valley has resulted in a number of hot springs along the northern portion of Lake Mohave. Gold Strike Hot Springs is located very close to the shore which is accessible from a trailhead 1.2 miles south of the Hoover Dam. These springs are also available from the Gold Strike Hot Springs Trail Head two miles east of the Hoover Dam in Boulder City, Nevada. Due to the easy two mile hike from public parking and consistent pools, these springs are frequently visited. Two Mile Hot Springs and Arizona Hot Springs are within a few miles of this same area and offer a more private experience.

Fish species[edit]

View across the surface of Lake Mohave.

Native fish[edit]

Introduced fish[edit]

Fish enhancement projects[edit]

Lake Mohave from Spirit Mountain 3

The non-native sport fishery in Lake Mohave is enhanced by a Nevada Division of Wildlife program which places artificial habitat bundles in coves around the reservoir.[7] The habitats are composed primarily of bundled salt cedar trees attached to wooden pallets. When placed in the water, the structures create cover for sport fish.

Additionally, Lake Mohave contains one of the largest and most genetically diverse population of razorback sucker remaining in the wild.[8] Each spring, a multi-agency group of fish biologists use underwater lights to collect approximately 30,000 razorback sucker larvae along the shore of Lake Mohave, which would otherwise be eaten by introduced fishes.[9] Larvae are then transported by boat to Willow Beach National Fish Hatchery where they grow in protected raceways for up to three years. When individuals have reached approximately 14 inches in length, they are released back into Lake Mohave in order to avoid predation[10] by larger, introduced game fish such as striped bass.[11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lake Mohave Vacation Info". Lakelubbers. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  2. ^ "Lake Mohave info". Riverlakes.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  3. ^ "Lake Mead National Recreation Area - Lake Mead National Recreation Area". Nps.gov. 2012-08-24. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  4. ^ [1] Archived May 15, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Two-Stroke PWC Engine Regulations". http://www.nps.gov/lake/learn/management/twostroke.htm. National Park Service.  External link in |website= (help);
  6. ^ "Personal Watercraft Use at Lake Mead National Recreation Area". https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2003/04/09/03-8546/personal-watercraft-use-at-lake-mead-national-recreation-area. National Park Service. 9 April 2003.  External link in |website= (help);
  7. ^ "2011 Nevada Fishing Guide" (PDF). Nevada Division of Wildlife. pp. 14–15. 
  8. ^ Dowling, T.E.; Marsh, P.C., Kelsen, A.T., and C.A. Tibbets (2005). "Genetic monitoring of wild and repatriated populations of endangered razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus, Catostomidae, Teleostei) in Lake Mohave, Arizona-Nevada". Molecular Ecology. 14 (1): 123–135. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02408.x.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  9. ^ Marsh, P.C.; Langhorst, D.R. (1988). "Feeding and fate of wild larval razorback sucker". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 21 (1): 59–67. doi:10.1007/BF02984443. 
  10. ^ Marsh, P.C.; Pacey, C.A.; B.R. Kesner (2003). "Decline of the Razorback Sucker in Lake Mohave, Colorado River, Arizona and Nevada". Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 132 (6): 1251–1256. doi:10.1577/T02-115. 
  11. ^ Karam, A.P.; Marsh, P.C. (2010). "Predation of Adult Razorback Sucker and Bonytail by Striped Bass in Lake Mohave, Arizona—Nevada". Western North American Naturalist. 70 (1): 117–120. doi:10.3398/064.070.0113. 

External links[edit]