Lake Mutirikwe

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Lake Mutirikwi
Lake Kyle00.jpg
Lake Mutirikwi
Lake Mutirikwe is located in Zimbabwe
Lake Mutirikwe
Location of Lake Mutirikwi in Zimbabwe
Official nameLake Mutirikwi
LocationMasvingo
Coordinates20°14′56.12″S 31°01′59.74″E / 20.2489222°S 31.0332611°E / -20.2489222; 31.0332611Coordinates: 20°14′56.12″S 31°01′59.74″E / 20.2489222°S 31.0332611°E / -20.2489222; 31.0332611
Construction began1958-1960
Dam and spillways
ImpoundsMutirikwi River
Height63 metres
Length309 metres
Reservoir
Total capacity1,378 million cubic metres[1]
Catchment area3900 km²
Surface area9105 ha
Double-curvature concrete arch
Spillway: Overflow crest with 1m gates
Discharge capacity 1740 m³/s

Lake Mutirikwi, formerly known as Lake Kyle, lies in south eastern Zimbabwe, south east of Masvingo. It is thought to have been named Lake Kyle, from the Kyle farm which occupied most of the land required for the lake, which in turn was named after the Kyle district in Scotland from which the pioneer of the Lowveld, Tom Murray MacDougall came originally. It covers about 90 km² (35 sq mi) and was created in 1960 with the construction of the Kyle Dam on the Mutirikwi River. The dam was built to provide water to the farming estates on the lowveld to the southwest, around the town of Triangle, where the main crop has been sugar cane.[1]

Lake Kyle Recreational Park lies on the reservoir's northern shore, while there is a small recreational park on the southern shore. Great Zimbabwe national monument lies close by.

Rivers which feed the lake include the Mbebvi River, Matare River, Pokoteke River, Umpopinyani River, Makurumidze River and Mushagashe River.

In the 1980s, drought drastically lowered the water level in the lake, but during the 1990s it recovered. The level fluctuates widely due to irrigation demands and the seasonal rainfall.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mutirikwi Dam". Zimbabwe National Water Authority. Retrieved 2010-01-13.

External links[edit]