Lake Parishan

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Lake Parishan is located in Iran
UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in Iran[1]

Parishan Lake is a lake in Iran. The Lake is in Kazerun, Fars Province and is the largest freshwater lake in the country.[2] It receives only very small amount of water from feeder rivers and the whole lake or wetland is a protected area, as it is considered a globally significant wetland ecosystem.[3] The protected area is called Arzhan National Park.[4][5]


An old photograph of a lion in Iran, by Antoin Sevruguin.

The area of Arzhan is an important sanctuary for birds.[2][3]

In the past, the Persian lion used to occur in this place, besides other parts of Iran. Nowadays, in the wilderness of Eurasia, the only members of this race of lions occur in and around Gir Forest, in Kathiawar Peninsula, India.[6][7] There was a plan to bring in Gir lions to this area, but there were issues, and it did not get fulfilled. This area, which is near the village and lake of Arzhan, is of agricultural importance, and bringing in lions would mean setting aside farmland, and settling farmers elsewhere.[4][5] This happens to be a reason why it is difficult to reintroduce lions from Gir Forest to another place within India.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Directory". 
  2. ^ a b "Dasht-e Arjan and Lake Parishan (Important Birds Areas of Iran, Islamic Republic of)". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Iranian Wetlands Conservation Project - Lake Urmia and Lake Parishan - Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT)". WWT. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  4. ^ a b Humphreys, P., Kahrom, E. (1999). Lion and Gazelle: The Mammals and Birds of Iran. Images Publishing, Avon.
  5. ^ a b Firouz, E. (2005). The complete fauna of Iran. I. B. Tauris. pp. 5–67. ISBN 978-1-85043-946-2. 
  6. ^ Geptner, V. G., Sludskij, A. A. (1972). Mlekopitajuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Vysšaia Škola, Moskva. (In Russian; English translation: Heptner, V.G., Sludskii, A. A., Komarov, A., Komorov, N.; Hoffmann, R. S. (1992). [ Mammals of the Soviet Union. Vol III: Carnivores (Feloidea).] Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington DC).
  7. ^ Singh, H. S.; Gibson, L. (2011). "A conservation success story in the otherwise dire megafauna extinction crisis: The Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) of Gir forest" (PDF). Biological Conservation. 144 (5): 1753–1757. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.02.009. 
  8. ^ Johnsingh, A.J.T. (2006). "Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary ready to play second home to Asiatic lions?". Field Days: A Naturalist's Journey Through South and Southeast Asia. Hyderabad: Universities Press. pp. 126–138. ISBN 8173715521.