|Location||Cap Vert Peninsula|
|Coordinates||14°50′18.02″N 17°14′41.36″W / 14.8383389°N 17.2448222°W|
|Surface area||3 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||3 metres (9.8 ft)|
Lake Retba, also known as Lac Rose (meaning "pink lake"), lies north of the Cap Vert peninsula in Senegal, some 35 km (22 mi) north-east of the capital, Dakar, in northwest Africa. It is named for its pink waters caused by Dunaliella salina algae and is known for its high salt content, up to 40% in some areas. Its colour is usually particularly strong from late January to early March, during the dry season; however, flooding in September 2022 not only disrupted salt harvesting activities on the lake, but because it caused the lake to lose its colour, had a negative effect on tourism.
The lake is as of 2023[update] under consideration by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The lake is situated 35 km (22 mi) north-east of Dakar, separated from the Atlantic Ocean only by a narrow corridor of dunes, and is named for its pink waters, which are caused by Dunaliella salina algae. The algae produce a red pigment to help them absorb sunlight, which gives them energy to create ATP. The color is particularly visible during the dry season (from November to May) and less visible during the rainy season (June to October).
Magenta-coloured samphire bushes flourish in the lake’s white sandbanks; the sand dunes are terra-cotta-coloured.
The lake is known for its high salt content (up to 40% in some areas), which is mainly due to the ingress of seawater and its subsequent evaporation. Like the Dead Sea, the lake is sufficiently buoyant that people can float easily.
Salt is exported across the region by up to 3,000 collectors, men and women from all over western Africa, who work 6–7 hours a day. They protect their skin with beurre de Karité (shea butter), an emollient produced from shea nuts which helps avoid tissue damage. The salt is used by Senegalese fishermen to preserve fish, which is an ingredient in many traditional recipes, including the national dish, which is a fish and rice combination called thieboudienne. About 38,000 tonnes of salt are harvested from this lake each year, which contributes to Senegal's salt production industry. Senegal is the number-one producer of salt in Africa.
Its colour is usually particularly strong from late January to early March, during the dry season. However, extensive flooding in September 2022 caused an above-average influx of fresh water into the lake, and it lost is characteristic pink hue. This has had an impact on both tourism (the attraction being the pink colour) and salt harvesting, as many of the salt banks were swept away.
Despite the high salinity of the lake, which can reach as high as 350 g/L during the dry season, blackchin tilapia have been found living in brackish sections fed fresh water by an intermittent creek.
World heritage listing
Lake Retba has been under consideration by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since October 2005, and remains so as of 2023[update].
The lake was often the finishing point of the Dakar Rally, before the rally moved to South America in 2009.
In 2021, it hosted a round of the Extreme E electric off-road racing series.
- Pink lake
- Sir Michael Tippett, who composed The Rose Lake after seeing it
- Lakes portal
- "A Look at Lake Retba, Senegal's Pink Lake". Edward Asare. 5 May 2021.
- ^ a b "Le Lac Rose". UNESCO World Heritage Centre (in French). Retrieved 4 February 2023.
- ^ a b "Lake Retba in Senegal Looks Like A Giant Strawberry Milkshake". HuffPost. UK. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
- ^ "22 Epic Places You Didn't Know Existed". HuffPost. 26 October 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
- ^ a b Handayani, Wuri; Paramitha, Tasya (19 June 2012). "Danau Pink, Sensasi Wisata Apung di Senegal". VIVAnews (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- ^ "How salt miners save Senegal's Pink Lake". BBC News Online. 19 August 2013.
- ^ a b "Lake Retba". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- ^ a b c "Senegal's Lake Retba loses pink colour after flooding, putting livelihoods at risk". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 3 February 2023. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
- ^ Eddy, Jody (14 March 2014). "Swim a Pink Lake in Senegal". The Wall Street Journal.
- ^ Kanoute, Pape Tahirou; Malan, Christiane; Stephane, Fournier; Teyssier, Catherine (2018). "Relevance of a Geographical Indication for Salt From Senegal's Pink Lake" (PDF). Rome: FAO. pp. 16pp.
- ^ Garnier, J. M.; Gaudant, J. (1984). "Occurrence of Sarotherodon melanotheron Rueppell (teleostean fish, Cichlidae) in hyperhaline waters of Retba lake (Senegal) [Tilapia hendelotii]". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences Série 3 Sciences de la Vie (France) (in French). ISSN 0249-6313.
- ^ Paugy, Didier; Lévêque, Christian; Otero, Olga (10 November 2017). The Inland Water Fishes of Africa: Diversity, Ecology and Human Use.
- ^ Paugy, Didier; Levêque, Christian (2017), "Fish communities in small aquatic ecosystems: caves, gueltas, crater and salt lakes", The inland water fishes of Africa, IRD Éditions, pp. 397–415, doi:10.4000/books.irdeditions.25253, ISBN 9782709924009, retrieved 4 February 2022
- Lake Retba
- Senegal’s Pink Lake. Al Jazeera English, October 2021 (video, 46 mins)