Lake Tōya

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Lake Tōya
洞爺湖
130922 Lake Toya Toyako Hokkaido Japan03s3.jpg
Lake Tōya (September 2013)
LocationIburi Subprefecture, Hokkaidō
Coordinates42°34′44″N 140°51′16″E / 42.57889°N 140.85444°E / 42.57889; 140.85444Coordinates: 42°34′44″N 140°51′16″E / 42.57889°N 140.85444°E / 42.57889; 140.85444
Typeoligotrophic crater lake
Primary inflowsŌ River (大川, Ō-gawa), Sōbetsu River (ソウベツ 川, Sōbetsu-gawa)
Primary outflowsSōbetsu River (壮瞥川, Sōbetsu-gawa)
Basin countriesJapan
Max. length10 km (6.2 mi)
Max. width9 km (5.6 mi)
Surface area70.7 km2 (27.3 sq mi)
Average depth117.0 m (383.9 ft)
Max. depth180 m (590 ft) [1]
Water volume8.19 km3 (1.96 cu mi)
Shore length146 km (29 mi)[2]
Surface elevation84 m (276 ft)
Frozennever
IslandsCollectively known as Naka-jima: Ō-shima, Benten-jima, Kannon-jima, Manjū-jima
SettlementsSōbetsu, Hokkaidō, Tōyako, Hokkaidō
References[1][2]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Lake Tōya (洞爺湖, Tōya-ko) is a volcanic caldera lake in Shikotsu-Toya National Park, Abuta District, Hokkaidō, Japan. It is part of "Toya Caldera and Usu Volcano Global Geopark" which joins in Global Geoparks Network. The stratovolcano of Mount Usu lies on the southern rim of the caldera. The lake is nearly circular, being 10 kilometers in diameter from east-west and 9 kilometers from North-South. The town of Tōyako comprises most of the area surrounding the lake and the town of Sōbetsu is located on the eastern side.

Tōya Caldera
Lake Tōya, Tōya town and volcano Usu

Lake Tōya is said to be the northernmost lake in Japan that never ices (with competing claim by nearby Lake Shikotsu), and the second most transparent lake in Japan. Nakajima Island (not to be confused with another island of the same name in Lake Kussharo) is an island in the middle of the lake which houses the Tōya Lake Forest Museum.

Lake Tōya was called Kim'un-to (キウン (kim'un) means "in the mountain"[3] and ト (to) means "lake"[3]) by the Ainu. In the Meiji era, Japanese pioneers named the lake Tōya after the Ainu expression to ya, which means "lakeland".[3]

The 2008 G8 Summit was held at Lake Tōya and The Windsor Hotel Toya Resort & Spa.

In popular culture[edit]

Lake Toya's surroundings[edit]

Surrounding Lake Toya, there are numerous parks each with their own unique character and charm. There are also numerous walking trails along the lake to take a stroll in, such as the Waterfront Forest Lane (Takarada Nature Observation Trail) and the Nishiyama Sanroku Crater Trail. There are also onsen managed by the town of Toyako that offer a view of Lake Toya. There are also a number of hand and foothbaths nearby. Uniquely, large vending machines near the onsen offer spring water that can be taken to be used at home.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Geographical Survey Institute map 25000:1 洞爺
  2. ^ a b Bisignani, J.D. (December 1993). Taran March (ed.). Japan Handbook (Second ed.). Chico, California: Moon Publications, Inc. p. 781. ISBN 0-918373-70-0.
  3. ^ a b c Batchelor, John. (1905) An Ainu-English-Japanese Dictionary (Second ed.). Tokyo: Methodist Publishing House
  4. ^ "Lake Toya - Hokkaido Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2018-01-29.

External links[edit]