Lake Temescal

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Lake Temescal
Temescal 24.jpg
Location of Lake Temescal in California, USA.
Location of Lake Temescal in California, USA.
Lake Temescal
Location of Lake Temescal in California, USA.
Location of Lake Temescal in California, USA.
Lake Temescal
LocationOakland, California
Coordinates37°50′52″N 122°13′53″W / 37.84778°N 122.23139°W / 37.84778; -122.23139Coordinates: 37°50′52″N 122°13′53″W / 37.84778°N 122.23139°W / 37.84778; -122.23139
TypeReservoir
Primary inflowsTemescal Creek
Primary outflowsTemescal Creek
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. depth20 ft (6.1 m)
Surface elevation433 ft (132 m)

Lake Temescal is a small reservoir in the Oakland hills, in northeastern Oakland, California. It is the centerpiece of Temescal Regional Recreation Area, also known as Temescal Regional Park (and originally, Lake Temescal Regional Park). It is a part of the East Bay Regional Park District.

History[edit]

The lake received its name from the stream which is its source, Temescal Creek, which was dammed in 1868 to create a reservoir to provide drinking water for the greater East Bay area, pumped by the Contra Costa Water Company, owned by Anthony Chabot. Prior to being dammed, Lake Temescal was a sag pond, a depression caused by the Hayward Fault. The bulk of the manual labor of removing soil and digging to bedrock was provided by Chinese immigrants, who probably immigrated to build the railroads.[1] Herds of wild mustangs were used to compact the tons of dirt that were brought to create the dam. The dam is 600 feet (180 m) long and 16 feet (4.9 m) wide and rises 105 feet (32 m) above the creek.[1]

The shores of the lake were a popular camping spot with bohemian artists and writers in the late 1800s.[2] The British painter J.H.E. Partington lived here in a tent with his family when they arrived in Oakland in 1889.[3]

Pacific Gas and Electric constructed its Claremont substation directly above Lake Temescal starting in October of 1921. It opened on October 23, 1922[4] and remains in service to this day.

During the first half of the 20th century, the tracks of the Sacramento Northern Railroad ran along the eastern side of the lake.[5]

Until the mid 1930s, Lake Temescal extended northeastward into Temescal Canyon. This arm of the lake was traversed by a trestle for the Sacramento Northern railway until the inlet was filled in as part of the Broadway Tunnel (Caldecott Tunnel) project. As part of the project, Landvale Road was extended as a connecting viaduct with Mountain Boulevard and the Montclair District to the south. This required the construction of a large concrete retaining wall along the east side of Lake Temescal to support the fill. The railroad trestle was removed and the Sacramento Northern tracks re-laid just below it. Landvale Avenue ran above the wall to an intersection with the new extension of Broadway leading to the tunnel. The retaining wall survives, but the railroad was gone by 1957. Landvale was replaced by the Warren Freeway and Broadway by the Grove-Shafter Freeway in the late 1960s.

In 1936, Lake Temescal opened to the public as one of the first three parks established by the East Bay Regional Park District. Its early amenities included a beach-like shore for swimming, a boathouse built by the WPA, a well established trail around the lake, and numerous picnic benches.

Present-day function[edit]

The lake currently supports an artificial recreational beach and is stocked periodically with rainbow trout, largemouth bass, redear sunfish, bluegill, and catfish. The park is open to all visitors from 5 am to 10 pm, and receives around 200,000 visitors a year.

The California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) has developed a safe eating advisory for Lake Temescal based on levels of mercury or PCBs found in fish caught from this water body.[6]

The lake is constantly becoming shallower due to sediment runoff and must be periodically dredged. Today it is approximately 20 feet (6.1 m) at its deepest point;[7] previously it was 80 feet (24 m) deep.[8]

Since the dam crosses the Hayward Fault, there is a possibility of dam failure in the event of an earthquake, which would cause serious flooding in parts of Oakland, Berkeley, and Emeryville. However, due to the additional fill placed between the dam and Highway 24, any hydraulic failure is now unlikely.

During the 1991 Oakland firestorm, water-equipped helicopters refilled at Lake Temescal, largely draining it.

The beach house is available for event rentals, such as weddings.

Since 2014, the park's beach and swim area have been closed on and off due to an outbreak of blue green algae.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chinese Workers and the East Bay's Early Water Systems
  2. ^ Schenck, Marvin A. (1991). Maurice Logan, Artist and Designer. Retrieved on 2006-16-09.
  3. ^ Oakland Museum of California (March 9, 2002). Exhibition label: Scene in Oakland. Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2006-16-09.
  4. ^ Pacific Service Magazine, vol.14, p.175, 346 (1922)
  5. ^ Mailman, Erika (2004). Images of America: Oakland Hills. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 0-7385-2926-5.
  6. ^ Pham, Huyen Tran (2017-11-07). "Lake Temescal". OEHHA. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  7. ^ Perry v. East Bay Regional Park Dist. (--- Cal.Rptr.3d ---, 2006 WL 1620299, Cal.App. 1 Dist., June 13, 2006).
  8. ^ Mailman, Erika (2004). Images of America: Oakland Hills. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 0-7385-2926-5.

External links[edit]