Lake Texana

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Lake Texana
LocationJackson County, east of Edna, Texas
Coordinates28°53′21″N 96°35′01″W / 28.88917°N 96.58361°W / 28.88917; -96.58361Coordinates: 28°53′21″N 96°35′01″W / 28.88917°N 96.58361°W / 28.88917; -96.58361
TypeWater supply reservoir
Primary inflowsNavidad River
Primary outflowsNavidad River
Basin countriesUnited States
Surface area9,727 acres (3,936 ha)
Max. depth58 ft (18 m)
Water volume170,000 acre⋅ft (0.21 km3)
Surface elevation44 ft (13 m)

Lake Texana is a reservoir on the Navidad River, 8 miles (13 km) east of Edna, in Jackson County, Texas. The reservoir is formed by the construction of Palmetto Bend Dam. The dam and lake are managed by the Lavaca-Navidad River Authority, and supply water to surrounding communities and industries.[1] Lake Texana is the only reservoir managed by the Authority.

Fish and plant populations[edit]

Lake Texana has been stocked with fish intended to encourage recreational fishing. Fish present in Lake Texana include catfish, largemouth bass, white crappie, white bass, hybrid striped bass, and sunfish. A variety of native plant species thrive in the lake, including, coontail, spikerush, cattail, pondweed, bull's tongue, pickerel weed, and duckweed. Three exotic, invasive species exist in the lake: water hyacinth, hydrilla and giant salvinia. The giant salvinia is presently limited to the Sandy Creek arm of the reservoir.[citation needed] There are also American alligators.

History[edit]

Palmetto Bend Dam was begun in 1968 and completed in 1980 by the United States Bureau of Reclamation at a cost of approximately $92 million.[2] The resulting reservoir covered the ghost town of Texana, which had been founded in 1832 near the junction of the Navidad and Lavaca rivers.[1]

A bill to convey to Texas ownership of the dam and reservoir project was introduced by Congressman Ron Paul on August 2, 1999.[2] After paying the "adjusted net present value of current repayment obligations" (an amount approximated to be $45 million in September 2000[2]), Texas assumed responsibility for all aspects of operation, maintenance, and replacement of the dam and reservoir,[2] a responsibility transferred to the Lavaca-Navidad River Authority.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lake Texana from the Handbook of Texas Online
  2. ^ a b c d "House Report 106-832: Palmetto Bend Conveyance Act". U.S. Government Printing Office. September 7, 2000. Retrieved 2012-01-21.

External links[edit]