|Surface area||51.43 km2 (19.86 sq mi)|
|Average depth||190 m (620 ft)|
|Max. depth||460 m (1,510 ft)|
|Water volume||9.71 km3 (7,870,000 acre·ft)|
|Surface elevation||190 m (620 ft)|
Tinnsjå (English: Lake Tinn), also called Tinnsjø and Tinnsjøen, is one of the largest lakes in Norway, and one of the deepest in Europe. It is located between the municipalities of Tinn and Notodden in Telemark county. At its source in the west, the Måna river flows out of Møsvatn and past Rjukan into Tinnsjå. From the north, the river Mår flows from the Mår, Gøystavatn, and Kalhovdfjorden lakes into Tinnsjå. Tinnsjå is part of the Skiensvassdrag, and drains via the Tinnelva river in the south, down to Heddalsvatn.
In 1944, during the German occupation of Norway, the ferry SF Hydro was sunk in Tinnsjå by the Norwegian resistance. The Germans were using the ferry to transport a large quantity of heavy water to Germany, where it was to be used for nuclear weapon research. The heavy water had been produced at Vemork, a factory located in Rjukan. The wreck of the ferry was discovered in 1993. In 2004, it was investigated and filmed for an episode of NOVA; heavy water samples were recovered and deuterium isotopic enrichment was confirmed.
In 2004 a film crew shooting footage for a new documentary on the heavy water sabotage became aware of an unusual fish, swimming near the lake bottom at a depth of 430 m. Two specimens of the previously unknown fish were captured in April 2005. Analysis revealed the fish to be closely related to Arctic char. The light-colored, translucent fish is up to 15 cm long and lacks a swim bladder.
- Seppälä, Matti (2005). "The Physical Geography of Fennoscandia". Oxford University Press: 145. ISBN 0-19-924590-8.
- Sjåvik, Jan. 2010. The A to Z of Norway. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, p. 233.
- Gallagher, Thomas. 2010. Assault in Norway: Sabotaging The Nazi Nuclear Program. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, p. 173.
- Mead, William Richard. 1965. How People Live in Norway. London: Ward Lock Educational Co. Ltd., p. 43.
- Payton, Gary; Lepperød, Trond (1995). Rjukanbanen; på sporet av et industrieventyr (in Norwegian). Rjukan: Mana Forlag. ISBN 82-993549-1-9.
- Mathismoen, Ole (11 May 2005). "Ny fisk oppdaget (New Fish Discovered)". Aftenposten. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
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