Lake Towuti

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COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Pad langs drijfvlak Larona Celebes TMnr 10007791.jpg
Lake Towuti in 1930
Location South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Coordinates 2°45′0″S 121°30′0″E / 2.75000°S 121.50000°E / -2.75000; 121.50000Coordinates: 2°45′0″S 121°30′0″E / 2.75000°S 121.50000°E / -2.75000; 121.50000
Type Tectonic
Basin countries Indonesia
Surface area 561.1 km2 (216.6 sq mi)
Max. depth 203 m (666 ft)
Surface elevation 293 m (961 ft)

Lake Towuti (Indonesian: Danau Towuti) is a lake in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is located at 2°45′0″S 121°30′0″E / 2.75000°S 121.50000°E / -2.75000; 121.50000. Surrounded by mountains, it is the largest lake of the island of Sulawesi and one of the five lakes of the Malili Lake system (the other being Matano, and the small Mahalona, Masapi and Lontoa (Wawantoa)).[1] A river flows from the lake to the Boni Bay. The town Laronda is located on its shore.


Together with the other lakes in the Malili Lake system, Towuti has a large number of endemic fishes (Telmatherinid sail-fin silversides, Glossogobius and Mugilogobius gobies, Nomorhamphus halfbeaks and Oryzias ricefishes), Caridina shrimps, Parathelphusid crabs (Nautilothelphusa, Parathelphusa and Syntripsa) and Tylomelania snails.[1][2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gray, S.M., and J.S. McKinnon (2006). A comparative description of mating behaviour in the endemic telmatherinid fishes of Sulawesi's Malili Lakes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 75: 471–482
  2. ^ von Rintelen, K., and Y. Cai (2009). Radiation of endemic species flocks in ancient lakes: systematic revision of the freshwater shrimp Caridina H. Milne Edwards, 1837 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) from the ancient lakes of Sulawesi, Indonesia, with the description of eight new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 57: 343-452.
  3. ^ von Rintelen, T., K. von Rintelen, M. Glaubrecht, C.D. Schubart, and F. Herder (2012). Aquatic biodiversity hotspots in Wallacea: the species flocks in the ancient lakes of Sulawesi, Indonesia. pp. 290-315 in: Gower, D.J., K.G. Johnson, J.E. Richardson, B.R. Rosen, L. Rüber, and S.T. Williams, S.T., eds (2012). Biotic evolution and environmental change in southeast Asia.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 9781107001305