Lake Vrana (Cres)
Lake Vrana (Croatian: Vransko jezero), in the centre of Cres island, is a fresh water lake, 1.5 km wide and about 4.8 km long. The town of Cres has been supplied with drinking water from the lake since 1953, and the towns of Mali and Veli Lošinj received their supplies ten years later. It was thought at one time that the water in the lake was linked to some mainland source by underground streams, but it has since been established that in fact it originates from the atmosphere.
The lake is one of cryptodepression characteristics. It was formed by very heavy tectonic movements along a longitudinal relaxation fault which now contains 220 million m3 of fresh water. Comprising an area of 5.8 square kilometres (2.2 sq mi), the depression reaches a depth of around 60 m below the sea level, but its surface lies about 14 m above it, oscillating by about half a metre, meaning the maximum depth is 74 metres (243 ft). It is surrounded by mountains like the 483 m high Mont Elmo and Mount Perskra of 429 m.
The village of Vrana, above the lake, is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of the town of Cres.
Myth of Lake Vrana
There is a local legend that there is a castle under the lake. According to the legend, a rich sister who lived in the castle would not give her much poorer sister money or food. As a result, she was punished by having her castle flooded during a severe thunderstorm which caused Lake Vrana to be created. The story goes on to tell that on some windy days, if one is to listen very carefully the tower bells can still be heard ringing to this day.
- Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 103, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8
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- Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. pp. 49–50. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- A. Katalinic; J. Rubinic; G. Buselic (2008). Sengupta, M.; Dalwani, R., eds. "Hydrology of Two Coastal Karst Cryptodepressions in Croatia: Vrana Lake vs Vrana Lake" (Microsoft Word document). Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference: 732–743. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Tomislav Šegota; Anita Filipčić (September 2001). "Hipotetska starost Vranskog jezera na Cresu" [Hypothetic age of Vrana Lake on Cres island, Croatia] (PDF). Acta Geographica Croatica (in Croatian). 35 (1). Retrieved 14 November 2014.
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