Lake Wairarapa

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Lake Wairarapa
Western shore looking South
Western shore looking South
Location of Lake Wairarapa
Location of Lake Wairarapa
Lake Wairarapa
Lake Wairarapa is in the Wellington Region of the North Island.
LocationSouth Wairarapa District, Wellington Region, North Island
Coordinates41°13′S 175°15′E / 41.217°S 175.250°E / -41.217; 175.250Coordinates: 41°13′S 175°15′E / 41.217°S 175.250°E / -41.217; 175.250
Primary inflowsRuamahanga
Primary outflowsRuamahanga
Basin countriesNew Zealand
Surface area78 km2 (30 sq mi)
Average depth2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
SettlementsFeatherston
Official nameWairarapa Moana Wetland
Designated20 August 2020
Reference no.2432[1]

Lake Wairarapa is a lake at the southern end of the North Island of New Zealand, 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Wellington. The lake covers an area of 78 km2 (30 sq mi), and at its deepest is 2.5 m (8.2 ft).[2] The lake is the third largest in the North Island, fractionally smaller than Lake Rotorua. The nearest town to the lake is Featherston, which is located five kilometres from its northern shore. The lake forms part of the Wairarapa Moana Wetlands Park.[3]

The lake forms part of the Wairarapa Moana Wetlands, a regional park administered by Wellington Regional Council, in collaboration with Kahungunu ki Wairarapa, the Department of Conservation, South Wairarapa District Council, and Rangitāne o Wairarapa.[4]

Geography[edit]

The lake's catchment area is large, and includes the eastern slopes of the Remutaka and Tararua Ranges. The lake takes water from several rivers and was originally the main outflow for the Ruamahanga. This in turn drained slowly into Palliser Bay and Cook Strait ten kilometres south near the settlement of Lake Ferry, via what is now Lake Onoke. The river, however, was diverted in the 1960s to assist flow, thereby reducing flooding for farmers. The lake today therefore covers an area significantly smaller than its historical size of around 210 km2 (81 sq mi).[5]

The area around the lake is low-lying and swampy, and recent efforts have been made to preserve its important wetland features and restore wildlife habitat that has been degraded through human use. Agriculture and river development, flood control, and waterway diversions have resulted in the drainage of large areas of the wetlands, reducing their ecological values.[6]

Lake Wairarapa is classed as supertrophic on the trophic level index, meaning that it is highly polluted with nitrates which leach from intensified agriculture surrounding the lake.[7] This is in line with the wider trend of agriculture polluting New Zealand rivers and lakes.[8]

History[edit]

The name Wairarapa means "glistening waters" in te reo Māori. According to some oral histories, the Polynesian explorer Kupe named the wetlands after touching down in the area several times. According to other oral histories, explorer Haunui named the wetlands after the way the lake appeared to glisten from the Remutaka Ranges to the west.[9][10]

The lake has long been used by Māori as a source of readily available food, and many species of waterfowl and fish uncommon elsewhere in New Zealand can be found in or around the lake.[11]

Lake Wairarapa is the large light area at the right of this satellite image of the Wellington area (composite landsat-7 image)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wairarapa Moana Wetland". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Lake Wairarapa & Wairarapa Moana". Destination Wairarapa. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  3. ^ "Wairarapa Moana Wetlands Park". Department of Conservation. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Wairarapa Moana Wetlands". gw.govt.nz. Wellington Regional Council.
  5. ^ Flack, J: Wairarapa Times Age, Feb 2000.
  6. ^ NZ Department of Conservation
  7. ^ "100 years to clean up our lake - Times Age". Times Age. 2017-06-27. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  8. ^ "River ecologist: 'It's a really bad situation'". Stuff. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  9. ^ Yerex, David (1991). They Came to Wydrop: The Beetham and Williams Families of Brancepeth and Te Parae, Wairarapa, 1856-1990. ISBN 9781869560249.
  10. ^ Smith, Sophronia. "Ko ngā kōrero taketake o Wairarapa Moana". waiwetlands.org.nz. Wellington Regional Council.
  11. ^ "Lake Wairarapa & Wairarapa Moana". wairarapanz.com. Destination Wairarapa.

External links[edit]