Lake Washington (Mississippi)

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Lake Washington
Lake Washington, Mississippi - 1.jpg
LocationWashington County, Mississippi
Coordinates33°04′00″N 91°02′48″W / 33.0667001°N 91.0467721°W / 33.0667001; -91.0467721Coordinates: 33°04′00″N 91°02′48″W / 33.0667001°N 91.0467721°W / 33.0667001; -91.0467721
TypeOxbow lake
Primary outflowsWashington Bayou
Surface area5,000 acres (2,000 ha)
Average depth6 ft (1.8 m) to 22 ft (6.7 m)
Surface elevation95 ft (29 m)
SettlementsChatham, Erwin, Glen Allan
ReferencesGNIS[1]

Lake Washington is an oxbow lake in Washington County, Mississippi, United States.

Once part of the contiguous Mississippi River, Lake Washington formed when the river changed its course about 1300 AD.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Lake vegetation includes duckweed and cypress trees.

Fish species found in Lake Washington include bowfin, bream (bluegill), buffalo, bullhead, carp, channel catfish, crappie, drum, flathead catfish, gar, green sunfish, hybrid white bass, largemouth bass, minnows, silversides and yellow bass.[3]

History[edit]

The first permanent residence in Washington County was located on Lake Washington. Frederick G. Turnbull settled on the lake in 1826 and named his place Linden The home currently located on the site, Linden, was erected in 1914 and was built by P.L. Mann and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (HRHP).[4]

Another pre-Civil War mansion, Mount Holly, constructed on the east shore of Lake Washington, is also listed on the NRHP.[5]

The Junius Ward home was built at Erwin in 1826 as a log cabin, still standing today and is still owned by the same family.

The Law House, an impressive mansion overlooking the lake built in 1902, was ordered as a kit from the Sears & Roebuck Company,[6] and was used in the filming of the 2012 movie Haunted.[citation needed]

Roy's Store is located on the north shore of the lake, and is noted for being in business at that location for over 100 years.[7]

Pollution[edit]

Most of the land surrounding Lake Washington is used extensively for agriculture. This has made the lake vulnerable to runoff of fertilizer, pesticides and herbicides. In 1973, the lake was closed to commercial fishing due to contamination,[2] and in 1990, a blue-green algal bloom formed in the lake, which killed 14 dogs that drank from the water. Since then, extensive efforts have been made to reduce the lake's pollution.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lake Washington". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b Bragg, Marion (1977). "Historic Names and Places on the Lower Mississippi River" (PDF). Mississippi River Commission.
  3. ^ "Lake Washington". Bait-N-Thangs. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  4. ^ "NRHP Nomination Form - Linden". National Park Service. January 5, 1982.
  5. ^ "Mount Holly Plantation". City of Greenville. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  6. ^ Hall, Russell S.; Nowell, Princella W.; Childress, Stacy (2000). Washington County, Mississippi. Arcadia Publishing.
  7. ^ "Country Store Still in Business: Roy's Store, Chatham, Mississippi". Urban Decay. December 9, 2013.
  8. ^ Scott, Quinta (2010). The Mississippi: A Visual Biography. University of Missouri Press.