Boats headed toward south shore (downtown Madison).
|Location||Dane County, Wisconsin,
|Primary inflows||Yahara River|
|Primary outflows||Yahara River|
|Catchment area||562 km2 (217 sq mi)|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Surface area||9,740 acres (3,940 ha) (39.4 sq. km)|
|Max. depth||83 ft (25 m)|
|Residence time||4.5 years|
|Shore length1||21.6 mi (34.8 km)|
|Surface elevation||259 m (850 ft)|
|Frozen||December 20 (average freezing date)|
|Settlements||Madison, Middleton, Shorewood Hills, Maple Bluff, Westport|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Lake Mendota is the northernmost and largest of the four lakes in Madison, Wisconsin. The lake borders Madison on the north, east and south, Middleton on the west, Shorewood Hills on the southwest, Maple Bluff on the northeast, and Westport on the northwest.
The shorelines of Lake Mendota and Monona define the isthmus upon which Madison was built, with the lakes connected by the Yahara River. Much of it is lined with expensive luxury homes and condominiums. The banks of the lake also contain protected natural areas and parks, including James Madison Park, as well as university housing, the UW Student Union and a handful of hotels and restaurants. Summers bring boaters out in force, especially on the weekends, though Lake Mendota is rarely crowded. There are several boat launching sites and two major marinas serving the lake. On a typical summer day, the lake is filled with those engaging in water sports, including fishing, water-skiing, wakeboarding, tubing, canoeing, wind-surfing, kayaking, and sailing. With an average freeze date of December 20, Lake Mendota is used in the winter by sports enthusiasts for ice-boating, ice-skating, ice fishing, cross country skiing, ice hockey and snowkiting.
The Wisconsin State Capitol building and much of the state government is located in this narrow stretch of land, as much as the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus is situated along the southern shore of Lake Mendota. In the early 20th century, Chancey Juday and Edward A. Birge founded an influential school of limnology there as a component of the university. The university's Hoofer Sailing Club operates at Memorial Union.
The city of Madison maintains five beaches on Lake Mendota, three of which are staffed with lifeguards.
Lake Mendota has been called the most studied lake in the United States, with the UW–Madison Center for limnology resting on its southern bank. The lake has a remote sensor buoy, affectionately known as David Buoy, that is part of the Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network. It has Surface Area of 3,988 ha. Maximum depth: 24.9 m. Mean depth: 12.5 m. Volume: 500M m^3. Surface elevation: 259m. Shore Length: 34.8 km. The pH of Lake Mendota: 8.3-8.4. Specific Conductance of 407.8 mS/cm. Dissolved Organic Carbon as 5.3-5.7 mg/L.
On September 11, 2009, the invasive spiny water flea (Bythotrephes longimanus) was discovered by the limnology class at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, making it the third known inland lake to harbor this species in Wisconsin.
- "Lake Mendota" (PDF). Yahara Waterways - Water Trail Guide. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Wisconsin Hoofers Outing Club". Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Hoofer Sailing Club". Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "Limnology at the University of Wisconsin". University of Wisconsin Regents. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
- "About the Center for Limnology". University of Wisconsin Regents. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
- Tenenbaum, Dave (2009-09-16). "UW–Madison undergraduates make unwelcome discovery in Lake Mendota". Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
- Media related to Lake Mendota at Wikimedia Commons
- Information about Lake Mendota's physical characteristics - University of Wisconsin - Madison Limnology Department
- City of Madison Beaches
- GAMIS Monitoring Buoy of Lake Mendota