Lakehurst Hangar No. 1
Hangar No. 1, Lakehurst Naval Air Station
The Hindenburg Disaster Marker
|Location||JB MDL Lakehurst, Manchester Township, New Jersey|
|Area||211,434 square feet (19,640 m2)|
|NRHP Reference #||68000031|
|Added to NRHP||May 23, 1968|
|Designated NHLD||May 23, 1968|
Hangar No. 1 is an airship hangar located at Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst in Manchester Township, in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. It is best known as the intended destination of the rigid airship LZ 129 Hindenburg prior to the Hindenburg disaster on May 6, 1937, when it crashed and burned while landing.
In 1921 the US Navy established Lakehurst Naval Air Station to serve as its headquarters for lighter-than-air flight. The new base became the center for experimentation and development of rigid airships for strategic[note 1] and commercial purposes as well as the control station for all Naval lighter-than-air flights. Hangar No. 1 was the first major facility built at Lakehurst to house the huge helium-filled dirigibles.
The hangar was completed in 1921 by the Lord Construction Company, with trusses erected by the Bethlehem Steel Company. The hangar is 966 feet (294 m) long, 350 feet (110 m) wide and 224 feet (68 m) high, with a floor area of 211,434 square feet (1.964 ha). The hangar is typical of airship hangar designs of World War I, utilizing counterbalanced doors similar to hangars built in Great Britain. At each end are two pairs of massive steel doors, mounted on railroad tracks. These double doors are structurally separate from the hangar itself. Each counterbalanced door weighs 1,350 tons and is powered by two, 20 horsepower motors, although provisions were made to open the doors manually, which required the assembled manpower of nine men. Service mezzanines are located on each side of the hangar. The hangar also had a system of railroad tracks that led to the mooring areas outside the hangar. The hangar was large enough to house two rigid airships as well as additional non-rigid airships (blimps).
The hangar was used to construct the USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) from 1922 to 1923. On September 4, 1923, the ship made a brief maiden flight in the vicinity of Lakehurst and was christened on October 10, 1923. In 1924 the US Navy obtained its second rigid airship built in Germany and delivered to the United States as a war reparation payment. The USS Los Angeles (ZR-3) shared Hangar No. 1 with the USS Shenandoah. The hangar also provided service and storage for other airships including the Graf Zeppelin (LZ 127), USS Macon (ZRS-5), USS Akron (ZRS-4) as well as the German LZ 129 Hindenburg during its transatlantic flights.
The East Coast Indoor Modelers club, a chartered club within the auspices of the United States' official aeromodeling organization, the Academy of Model Aeronautics, has been allowed to use the hangar since 1926 to fly indoor free flight model aircraft, these self-powered aircraft models benefit from the large wind-free open space of the hangar.
In addition to Hangar No. 1 there are five other hangars at Lakehurst, which today are used for training, testing and storage.
USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) under construction inside the airship hangar No. 1 in 1923.
Hindenburg arrival at Lakehurst, May 9, 1936. With Hangar One and USS Los Angeles (ZR-3) moored in the background.
- Airship hangar
- Hangar One (Mountain View, California)
- Weeksville Dirigible Hangar
- Goodyear Airdock
- Bartolomeu de Gusmão Airport
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Ocean County, New Jersey
- JB MDL Lakehurst
- Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst
- List of airships of the United States Navy
- US Army airships
- During WWII, although airplanes performed most of the US Navy air operations, coastal anti-submarine patrol was conducted by lighter-than-air craft. The semirigid airships were used advantageously for coastwise and harbor-entrance observation because of their ability to slow down and hover for immediate scrutiny of suspected objects. Radio was used to warn shore stations and ships of danger. The airships carried depth bombs for attack and machine guns, primarily for defense.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Hangar No. 1, Lakehurst Naval Air Station". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2008-06-23.
- Bureau of Yards and Docks, US Navy 1947, pp. 253-254, Volume I — Part II: The Continental Bases
- Bureau of Yards and Docks, US Navy 1947, pp. 227-228, Volume I — Part II: The Continental Bases
- "Lakehurst Naval Air Station". National Park Service. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "Hangar No. One". NAV Lakehurst Historical Society. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- Shock 1996
- Benjamin, Dave (November 22, 2006). "History is in the air at Lakehurst base". Examiner Upper Freehold. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "East Coast Indoor Modelers — History". Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- "OCVTS — School history". Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- Bureau of Yards and Docks, US Navy (1947). Building the Navy's Bases in World War II; History of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and the Civil Engineer Corps, 1940-1946. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. OCLC 568748097. Retrieved 29 December 2011. (Public domain)
- Shock, James R. (1996). American airship bases and facilities. New Smyrna Beach, Fla.: M & T Printers. ISBN 978-0-9649480-3-7.