Lakeland Revival

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Lakeland Revival or Florida Healing Outpouring was a Christian revival which began on April 2, 2008, when Evangelist Todd Bentley of Fresh Fire Ministries Canada was invited by Stephen Strader, pastor of Ignited Church, Lakeland, Florida, to lead a one-week revival but remained there for over four months. The Ignited Church took a multimedia approach to publicizing the event, posting webcasts online. The revival streamed live via Ustream and received over 1 million hits in the first five weeks of transmissions. After the initial weeks, GOD TV, a Christian satellite channel, pre-empted its primetime programming and broadcast the Lakeland meetings nightly.[1] The revival attracted up to 10,000 attendees nightly and around 30,000 over the week.[2] Through its airing on GOD TV, the revival became well known by Pentecostals and Charismatics worldwide.[3] By May 29, Bentley's ministry estimated that over 140,000 people from over 40 nations had visited, and 1.2 million had watched via the Internet.[4] By June 30, over 400,000 people from over 100 nations had attended.[5]

In June 2008, Nightline carried out an investigative report on Bentley. Some days after the broadcast, Fresh Fire Ministries released a statement announcing that Bentley was taking time off "to refresh and to rest" and their Lakeland broadcasts on GOD TV were put on hold. One week later, GOD TV announced Bentley would resume the Lakeland meetings and the broadcasts continued on July 18 2008.[6] Bentley's and Fresh Fire's leadership of the revival ended on August 11, but the revival continued until its last service on October 12, 2008, at Ignited Church.[7]

The Florida Outpouring was in many ways similar to revivals that occurred in the 1990s, notably the Toronto Blessing in Canada and the Brownsville Revival in Pensacola, Florida. However, the Lakeland Revival had a greater focus on divine healing, and was much shorter than these two revivals, and was nearly inseparable from Bentley.[8] The revival displayed many "ecstatic manifestations" and some participants claimed "esoteric experiences", such as divinely inspired visions and prophecies. In addition to claims of numerous miraculous healings, "leaders' claims that at least 25"[9] cases of resurrection of the dead took place away from the stage.[10]

Background[edit]

Ignited Church was founded in 2005 by most of the main body of Carpenter's Home Church, a once-prominent Assemblies of God megachurch.[11] In the 1990s, Carpenter's Home Church experienced revivals influenced by the Toronto Blessing and Rodney Howard-Browne.[12]

Services[edit]

The main focus of the services were on what supporters believe to be divine healing of conditions such as cancer, deafness, diabetes, and paralysis.[3] Testimonies of miraculous healings were common at the Lakeland meetings.[8][13] Faith healing which is inspired by Biblical New Testament accounts of Jesus healing the sick, the contemporary practice of faith healing is important for Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians.[14][15] The hope of supernatural healing explains some of its popularity, as there were many first-person accounts of miracles.[13][16][17][18]

Participants in the revival were also known to sing, laugh, and shout ecstatically, and many would fall down under the influence of the Holy Spirit, according to revival leaders.[3]

Finances[edit]

The Lakeland Revival did not charge for attendance, but attendees could contribute to voluntary offerings that funded building and staff expenses.[6] The event changed venues on a number of occasions, starting at the Ignited Church and sister church in Auburndale, and moving to the $15,000-per-night Lakeland Center and Marchant Stadium. After outgrowing its previous venues, the revival meetings moved to an air-conditioned tent that seated 10,000.[4] On August 3, the revival meetings returned to Ignited Church. "A spokeswoman for the revival, Lynne Breidenbach, said the offerings have covered their enormous operating costs. Before the move to the airport grounds, she said the ministry paid a daily rental fee of $15,000 for the local convention center, as well as comparable fees for use of a stadium. His spokesperson didn’t know how much the current setup costs. The offerings, said Breidenbach, have not contributed to a significant infusion of cash for Bentley or his ministry." During the revival, Bentley's spokesperson said that Bentley continued "to draw his standard salary, set by his board, from his office in Canada. It is a modest salary and is in the five-figure range", and that Fresh Fire Ministries is audited annually.[4] A newspaper in Vancouver reported that Bentley owned a home in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada, a 2007 GMC Sierra, and a 2003 Harley-Davidson motorcycle.[19]

Bentley said that he would open the books for independent auditors.[4] However, requests for financial disclosure from World Magazine were met with a comment that Bentley was "too busy keeping up with what God is doing"[20] to provide financial information.

Decline and impact[edit]

Bentley severed his association with and departed the revival under controversial circumstances on August 11. He admitted to his staff in August that he and his wife were separating and resigned from Fresh Fire Ministries.[7] The revival continued with visiting speakers at Ignited Church until October 12, 2008. While Ignited Church continued to proclaim ongoing revival services after this date, the previous worldwide interest had faded.

The revival's impact was widespread due to the Internet and satellite television. Stephen Strader has said that Ignited Church will launch an International Apostolic Center and Ignited Network of Ministries, designed to bring together Lakeland-inspired revivals by Todd Bentley to launch the Portland Outpouring.[7] Evangelist Hamilton Filmalter was commissioned[21] Within weeks Hamilton Filmalter put together a team[22] that included Hearts of Fire International Ministries evangelist Reverend Aaron Winter.

Controversy[edit]

The revival generated some controversy among members of the Christian community, as some leaders questioned (or even outright rejected) its authenticity.[20] There was even criticism from inside the Charismatic/Pentecostal part of the Church. For instance, in response to concerns raised over the revival, George O. Wood, general superintendent of the Assemblies of God USA, of which Ignited Church is a member, issued a statement on revival in June 2008.[23] While not mentioning Lakeland specifically, the statement cautioned against over emphasis on charismatic manifestations and miracles, stating that "Miraculous manifestations are never the test of a true revival. Fidelity to God's Word is the test".[24]

Other Christian leaders challenged Bentley because they view Charismatic and Pentecostal doctrine as being essentially heretical.[25][4] Some criticism stemmed from some of Todd Bentley's unorthodox practices, which included shouting "Bam, Bam!" while praying for the sick[26] and testifying to having had visions of an angel named Emma.[27] Bentley's most controversial claims consisted of over twenty-five cases where he said the dead were raised away from the stage.[28] In an effort to verify reported healings, Bentley's staff said they welcomed as much documentation as people were willing to give, including verification from doctors.[4] ABC's Nightline[29][verification needed]) reported that "Not a single claim of Bentley's healing powers could be independently verified." However, the Charlotte Observer reported on the same series of meetings, "The revival's media relations staff has tried to document healings. They e-mailed the Observer information on 15 people reportedly healed, providing phone numbers for each and noting that 12 had received medical verification. The Observer contacted five, plus three whose names were not provided, including Burgee. Each said God had healed them through, or related to, Bentley and the Lakeland services."[30][31] Strader responded to the Nightline report with the following statement, "Strader said privacy concerns and laws forbidding the release of medical records have prevented revival officials from releasing complete information about the identities and conditions of people claiming to be healed."[32] World Magazine also reported on looking into the validity of healing claims with mixed results.[33]

At times, the healing services were criticized in mainstream media and on Internet blogs for the occasional violence done to the participants,[5][28][34] in the tradition of Smith Wigglesworth.[35][36] Todd Bentley was known to forcefully kick, hit, smack or knock over participants. In one incident, a man was knocked over and lost a tooth. In another, an elderly woman was intentionally kicked in the face. Bentley held that the Holy Spirit led him to such actions,[5][34] saying that those incidents were taken out of context and adding that miracles were happening simultaneously.[28] Trevor Baker, who had invited Bentley to the Revival Fires Church in Dudley (UK), also defended these actions, saying: "He never does anything like that without first asking for the person's permission."[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McMullen, Cary (May 15, 2008). "Florida Outpouring: Internet Draws Thousands to Lakeland Revival". The Ledger. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/september/4.18.html
  3. ^ a b c "Faith-Healing 'Outpouring' Overflows Venue". TheLedger.com. April 25, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Rhee, Alice (May 29, 2008). "Revivalist Claims Hundreds of Healings". MSNBC. Retrieved June 10, 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c Lake, Thomas (June 30, 2008). "Todd Bentley's revival in Lakeland draws 400,000 and counting". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  6. ^ a b "Thousands Flock to Revival in Search of Miracles". ABC News. 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2008-06-09. 
  7. ^ a b c Ghiringhelli, Paul Steven (2008-10-13). "Lakeland Revival Officially Ends". Charisma Magazine. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  8. ^ a b Reed, Travis (July 10, 2008). "Religion Today". Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  9. ^ http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2008/september/4.18.html
  10. ^ Hunt, Stephen (2009), "The Florida ‘Outpouring’ Revival: A Melting Pot for Contemporary Pentecostal Prophecy and Eschatology?", PentecoStudies, 8 (1): 38 
  11. ^ Stephen Strader's biography at Ignited Church's Website
  12. ^ Hunt 2009, p. 41.
  13. ^ a b McMullen, Cary (June 22, 2008). "Florida Outpouring Revival Concerns Pentecostal Leaders". The Ledger. Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  14. ^ https://www.barnesandnoble.com/p/faith-cure-nancy-a-hardesty/1111409647/2681923345027?st=PLA&sid=BNB_DRS_Marketplace+Shopping+greatbookprices_00000000&2sid=Google_&sourceId=PLGoP24104
  15. ^ https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/all-things-are-possible-david-edwin-harrell/1110992220?ean=9780253013422&st=PLA&sid=NOK_DRS_NOOK+EBooks_00000000&2sid=Google_&sourceId=PLGoP75008
  16. ^ Smith, Peter (July 18, 2008). "Evangelist Todd Bentley brings healing ministry to Louisville". The Courier-Journal (Louisville, KY). Retrieved 2008-07-30. [dead link]
  17. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76WDKzS7Yog
  18. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjW6d9KQFVo
  19. ^ "Province article retained at Fresh Fire Ministries". FreshFire.ca. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  20. ^ a b Leonard, Rusty; Cole, Warren (2008-06-30). "Same old Scam?". Retrieved June 30, 2008. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-19. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  22. ^ Ministries, Hearts of Fire International. "Hearts of Fire International's Aaron Winter partners with Revival at the Portland Outpouring". PRLog. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  23. ^ McMullen, Cary (2008). "Florida Outpouring Revival Concerns Pentecostal Leaders". The Ledger. Page 3-4. Accessed 14 January 2011.
  24. ^ Assemblies of God USA (2008). Statement on Revival. Page 3. Accessed January 14, 2011.
  25. ^ http://www.christianpost.com/news/john-macarthur-takes-on-charismatic-movement-with-strange-fire-conference-97968/
  26. ^ "Bam! Pow! When Prayer Ministry Gets Violent". Charisma Magazine Online. June 18, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008. 
  27. ^ "Honest Questions About the Lakeland Revival". Charisma Magazine Online. May 14, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008. 
  28. ^ a b c Reed, Travis (July 28, 2008). "Florida revival drawing criticism-- and thousands of followers". Associated Press. Retrieved August 17, 2008. 
  29. ^ name=ABCNews070908>Kofman, Jeffrey; Yiu, Karson & Brennan, Nicholas (July 9, 2008). "Thousands Flock to Revival in Search of Miracles". ABC News. Retrieved July 7, 2008. 
  30. ^ Chandler, Charles (June 19, 2008). "Tattooed Preacher Says God Heals Through Him". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved December 24, 2016. 
  31. ^ Reed, Travis (July 28, 2008). "Florida Revival Drawing Criticism—And Thousands of Followers". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, IL. Associated Press. Retrieved December 13, 2015. 
  32. ^ McMullen, Cary (July 23, 2008). "Revival Evangelist to Fold His Lakeland Tent". The Ledger (Lakeland, Florida). Retrieved December 13, 2015. (3 free articles allowed before subscription required)
  33. ^ https://world.wng.org/2009/05/heal_or_heel
  34. ^ a b "The Good News of South Florida - Local". GoodNewsFl.org. Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2017. 
  35. ^ Todd Bentley The Reality of the Supernatural World (Shippensburg: Destiny Image, 2008) 263
  36. ^ William Hacking Smith Wigglesworth: A Life Ablaze With The Power Of God (Tulsa: Harrison House, 1972) 46 "Wigglesworth said, "Close your eyes." Then he commanded, "In the name of Jesus come out of him!" He struck the man in the stomach, sending him halfway across the front of the hall."
  37. ^ "US Child Sex Offender Is Coming to Preach in the Midlands; HE CLAIMS TO CURE VICTIMS BY BEATING THEM", Sunday Mercury (Birmingham, England), July 6, 2008

External links[edit]