Lakenheath

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Lakenheath, Suffolk

St Mary the Virgin Lakenheath.JPG
Church of St Mary the Virgin

Goward house
Lakenheath, Suffolk is located in Suffolk
Lakenheath, Suffolk
Lakenheath, Suffolk
Lakenheath, Suffolk shown within Suffolk
Population 4,691 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference TL715825
• London 80.72 from High Street to Parliament Square
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Brandon
Postcode district IP27
Dialling code 01842
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°24′49″N 0°31′21″E / 52.4136°N 0.5226°E / 52.4136; 0.5226Coordinates: 52°24′49″N 0°31′21″E / 52.4136°N 0.5226°E / 52.4136; 0.5226

Lakenheath is a village in Suffolk, England.It has a population of 4,691 according to the 2011 Census, and is situated in the Forest Heath district of Suffolk, close to the county boundaries of both Norfolk and Cambridgeshire, and at the meeting point of The Fens and the Breckland natural environments.

Lakenheath is host to the largest USAF base in the United Kingdom, RAF Lakenheath.

Lakenheath Fen Nature Reserve, created in 1996, restored wetlands from agricultural fields that were growing carrots. In May 2007, it was reported that cranes were nesting in the site for the first time since the fen lands were drained in the 16th century.[2]

The village has a single Victorian primary school, constructed in 1878, which was extended in 1969, again in 2004 and most recently in 2010/2011.[3] There is a small shopping street, with one grocery store (Cooperative), one newsagents, an optician's shop, a clothes boutique,a Chinese takeaway, a Chinese restaurant, two fish and chip shops, an Indian restaurant plus Jamaican and Filipino restaurants. Also two Tattoo places, two nail bars, one sun tan bar, three hair dressers, and a Sandwich shop.[4] There is also one horse-riding school and three nurseries (day). The village has a library with wireless internet, scanning, printing and photocopying facilities.[5] Along this road there is a small hotel, skate park, a Playing Field and a children's play park.

Lakenheath has two pubs though historically it had at least sixteen more. The Plough Inn (also known as the Wok n Rock) is a spacious flint faced 19th-century bar, Far Eastern restaurant and takeaway. It reopened at the end of 2013 after being closed for two years.[6] The other pub is the Brewer's Tap. The Royal British Legion was a members only club, but closed in April 2012.[7]

Lakenheath is remarkable for its medieval church, built about 900 years ago in wood, eventually being rebuilt in the local flint construction style. The church on the exterior has an embattled parapet that has an array of very worn gargoyles and other carved faces at the string course at the base. The interior includes medieval paintings and carvings on the pews.[8] The faces of the church's wooden angels bear the scars of the English Civil War, as none of the angels retained their original facial detail, due to religiously motivated vandalism by puritan soldiers. In early 2009, the church received a large grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund and local organisations to restore its rare medieval wall paintings. The wall paintings, depicting local saint St Edmund, angels, and birds amongst other subjects, are believed to date from the 13th century.[9]

As well as the Anglican parish church, Lakenheath has churches representing the Methodist, Strict Baptist and Pentecostal (AOG) denominations. All three of the non-Anglican church buildings are also primarily constructed of local flint, albeit with later modifications in brick.

The recently built pavilion now houses the local cricket club and is available for hire. A spacious hall with a kitchen and bar, suitable for functions and weddings. Just outside of the many doors lies two large playing fields which can be used when the hall is hired.

Transportation[edit]

Lakenheath railway station is three miles away from the village.

There are regular bus services to the neighbouring towns of Brandon, Mildenhall and Thetford plus buses to Bury St. Edmunds operated on school/college days which are available to the general public.

RAF Lakenheath[edit]

F-15C Eagle of the United States Air Force taxis for takeoff. The LN on the tail means this aircraft is based at RAF Lakenheath.

Lakenheath is host to the largest deployment of United States Air Force personnel in the United Kingdom: RAF Lakenheath. The social impact of the United States Air Force fighter airbase and its nearby sister, RAF Mildenhall, on the economy of Lakenheath and on the nearby towns and villages is important. The United States has maintained a presence in the community since bombers were stationed there during WWII conducting raids on Europe. The base has a population of around 6000 service personnel.

Prehistory and archaeology[edit]

During the Ice Age, the River Bytham flowed through the area that is now Lakenheath, depositing much of the modern geology found in the area.[10]

Excavation of three early Anglo Saxon cemeteries at RAF Lakenheath between 1997 and 2002 uncovered a total of 394 inhumation and 17 cremation burials,[citation needed] including one 6th-century grave with a horse burial: a man was buried next to a fully armoured horse.[11]

Climate[edit]

Lakenheath has an oceanic climate similar to the rest of the region of East of England. It is therefore warmer and drier than the average climate of the British Isles due to its relative distance to the low-pressure dominated coastal weather systems of the Atlantic.

Climate data for Lakenheath, 1981-2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16
(61)
18
(64)
22.8
(73)
27
(81)
29
(84)
34
(93)
34
(93)
35
(95)
31.1
(88)
29.1
(84.4)
18
(64)
15
(59)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
8.4
(47.1)
10.9
(51.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20.5
(68.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.4
(72.3)
19.6
(67.3)
15.4
(59.7)
10.8
(51.4)
7.0
(44.6)
14.8
(58.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.6
(42.1)
7.1
(44.8)
9.5
(49.1)
12.8
(55)
15.8
(60.4)
18.0
(64.4)
17.8
(64)
15.2
(59.4)
11.7
(53.1)
7.7
(45.9)
4.3
(39.7)
10.9
(51.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
1.8
(35.2)
3.2
(37.8)
4.8
(40.6)
8.1
(46.6)
11.0
(51.8)
13.5
(56.3)
13.1
(55.6)
10.7
(51.3)
7.9
(46.2)
4.6
(40.3)
1.7
(35.1)
6.9
(44.4)
Record low °C (°F) −15.6
(3.9)
−13.3
(8.1)
−10
(14)
−6.1
(21)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.3
(37.9)
2.6
(36.7)
0.6
(33.1)
−5
(23)
−8.3
(17.1)
−13.9
(7)
−15.6
(3.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.2
(2.646)
65.6
(2.583)
43.5
(1.713)
31.8
(1.252)
40.5
(1.594)
55.5
(2.185)
45.7
(1.799)
58.0
(2.283)
37.8
(1.488)
48.1
(1.894)
56.8
(2.236)
52.1
(2.051)
598.9
(23.579)
Source: Météo Climat[12] [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  2. ^ BBC News 17 May 2007
  3. ^ Our School
  4. ^ http://visitlakenheath.co.uk/#/shops-business/4568757815>
  5. ^ http://suffolklibraries.co.uk/branches/lakenheath-library
  6. ^ Suffolk Camra
  7. ^ Lakenheath club closes its doors
  8. ^ Lakenheath
  9. ^ BBC News 6 January 2009
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Jupp, Peter C.; Gittings, Clare (1999). Death in England: An Illustrated History. Manchester UP. p. 72. ISBN 9780719058110. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  12. ^ "Météo climat stats for Lakenheath 1981-2010". Météo Climat. March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "Météo climat stats Lakenheath records". Météo Climat. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 

External links[edit]