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A lakh (/ /,; abbreviated L; sometimes written Lac or Lacs) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to one hundred thousand (100,000; scientific notation: 105). In the Indian convention of digit grouping, it is written as 1,00,000. For example, in India 150,000 rupees becomes 1.5 lakh rupees, written as ₹1,50,000 or INR 1,50,000.
It is widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It is often used in Indian, Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and Sri Lankan English. In Pakistan, the word lakh is used mostly in local languages rather than in English media.
In Indian English, the word is used both as an attributive and non-attributive noun with either an unmarked or marked ("-s") plural, respectively. For example: "1 lakh people"; "lakhs of people"; "200 lakh rupees"; "lakhs of rupees". In the abbreviated form, usage such as "₹5L" (for "5 lakh rupees") is common. In this system of numeration, 100 lakh is called one crore and is equal to 10 million.
Etymology and regional variants
The modern word lakh represents Sanskrit: lakṣa (Devanagari: लक्ष), originally denoting "mark, target, stake in gambling", but also used as the numeral for "100,000" in Gupta-era Classical Sanskrit (Yājñavalkya Smṛti, Harivaṃśa).
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- Assamese: লাখ lakh
- Bengali: লাখ lakh or লক্ষ lokkho
- Dhivehi: ލައްކަ lakka
- Gujarati: લાખ lākh
- Hindi: लाख lākh
- Kannada: ಲಕ್ಷ lakṣa
- Kashmiri: lach
- Khasi: lak
- Konkani: लाख lākh or ಲಕ್ಷ lakṣa
- Malayalam: ലക്ഷം lakṣaṁ
- Marathi: लाख lākh or लक्ष lakṣa
- Nepali: लाख lākh
- Odia: ଲକ୍ଷ lôkhyô
- Pashto: لاکھ lakh
- Punjabi: ਲੱਖ/لکھ lakkh
- Rohingya: lák
- Sindhi: لک lakhu
- Sinhala: ලක්ෂ laksha
- Sylheti: ꠟꠣꠈ lakh
- Tamil: இலட்சம் ilaṭcam
- Telugu: లక్ష lakṣa
- Tulu: ಲಕ್ಷ lakṣa
- Urdu: لاکھ lākh
- Rowlett, Russ (15 December 2008) . "lakh". How Many? A Dictionary of Units of Measurement. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- "lakh". Oxford English Dictionary (1st ed.). Oxford University Press. 1933.
- Gilkes, Paul (3 July 2017). "CME Group/Thomson Reuters step down from executing the London silver fix". Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- "Units of Measure". perthmint.com.au. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- Turner, Sir Ralph Lilley (1985). "lakṣá10881". "lakṣhá 10881" in: A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages. London: Oxford University Press, 1962-1966. Includes three supplements, published 1969-1985. Digital South Asia Library, a project of the Center for Research Libraries and the University of Chicago. p. 629. Archived from the original on 15 December 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
lakṣh masculine "stake, prize" R̥igved, "mark, sign" Mahābhārat, "100,000" Yājñavalkya, "aim" Kālidās]