|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
5 June 1991 – 3 February 1993
|Prime Minister||Sid Ahmed Ghozali
|Preceded by||Sid Ahmed Ghozali|
|Succeeded by||Redha Malek|
|United Nations and Arab League Envoy to Syria|
1 September 2012 – 31 May 2014
|Secretary General||Ban Ki-moon (UN)
Nabil Elaraby (AL)
|Preceded by||Kofi Annan|
|Succeeded by||Staffan de Mistura|
1 January 1934 |
El Azizia, Algeria
|Political party||National Liberation Front|
|Alma mater||University of Algiers|
Lakhdar Brahimi (Algerian pronunciation: [læxdˤɑr bræhiːmi]; Arabic: الأخضر الإبراهيمى; al-Akhḍar al-Ibrāhīmi; born 1 January 1934) is an Algerian United Nations diplomat who served as the United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy to Syria until 14 May 2014. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Algeria from 1991 to 1993.
He is also a member of The Elders, a group of world leaders working for global peace. Brahimi is a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, the first global initiative to focus specifically on the link between exclusion, poverty and law. He is also a member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to promote good governance around the world. He is currently a distinguished senior fellow at the Centre for the Study of Global Governance at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and a governing board member of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. He relinquished his post as UN Special Envoy to Syria on 31 May 2014.
Early life and education
Brahimi was born in 1934 in El Azizia near Tablat, Algeria, about 60 km south of Algiers. He was educated in Algeria and in France where he studied law and political science. He joined the campaign for independence in France in 1956, representing the National Liberation Front in South East Asia for five years.
Brahimi was the United Nations special representative for Afghanistan and Iraq. Before his appointment in 2001 by the Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, he had served the U.N. as special representative to Haiti and to South Africa. Before coming to the U.N., Brahimi, who represented the National Liberation Front in Tunis during Algeria's independence movement in 1956–1961, was an Arab League official (1984–1991) and the Algerian Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1991 until 1993. Brahimi was also chair of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations, which produced the influential Brahimi Report.
On a visit to Baghdad in April 2004 to help determine how and when Iraqi elections can be held, he said that the recent violence threatened to delay Iraqi national assembly elections—the national assembly is to pick the president and write a constitution.
- "The elections scheduled to take place in January 2005 are the most important milestone," Brahimi said. "There is no substitute for the legitimacy that comes from free and fair elections." (Witter, 2004)
Brahimi suggested that the Iraq Interim Governing Council should be dissolved, and that most of its members should not have any role in the new government. Though the council was in fact dissolved early, some of its members will have major roles in the new government. The president, one of the two vice-presidents, and the prime minister are all from the council. Most prominently, his criticism of Ahmed Chalabi has led to Chalabi's claim that Brahimi is an Arab nationalist who should have no role in determining the future of Iraq. At the same time, close allies of Chalabi have been pushing claims that various world leaders and the UN took bribes from Saddam Hussein under the Oil for Food program.
In May 2004, Brahimi was supposed to play a large advisory role in the appointment of candidates, which ended up selecting as Iraq's new interim President and Prime Minister: Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer and Iyad Allawi, respectively. However, Brahimi expressed serious disappointment and frustration about his role. "Bremer is the dictator of Iraq, He has the money. He has the signature. ... I will not say who was my first choice, and who was not my first choice ... I will remind you that the Americans are governing this country." According to a person who spoke with him, "He was very disappointed, very frustrated," al Dulame said. "I asked him why he didn't say that publicly (and) he said, 'I am the U.N. envoy to Iraq, how can I admit to failure?'" Brahimi announced his resignation, resulting from "great difficulties and frustration experienced during his assignment in Iraq", at the UN in New York on 12 June. While serving as the United Nations envoy to Iraq, he described Israel's policy towards the Palestinians as "the big poison in the region".
On 5 February 2008, the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki Moon, appointed Brahimi to lead a panel investigation on United Nations staff security in the wake of the Algiers bombings of 11 December 2007. He was one of the founders of the French language Journal of Palestine Studies called La revue d'étude palestinienne.
- National Liberation Front Representative to Indonesia: 1956–1961
- Ambassador to Egypt, Sudan and the Arab League: 1963–1970
- Ambassador to the United Kingdom: 1971–1979
- Diplomatic Adviser to the President: 1982–1984
- Undersecretary General of the Arab League: 1984–1991
- Arab League Special Envoy for Lebanon: 1989–1991
- Foreign Minister of Algeria: 5 June 1991 – 3 February 1993
- Rapporteur to the Earth Summit: 3 June 1992 – 14 June 1992
- United Nations Special Envoy for South Africa: December 1993 – June 1994
- United Nations Special Envoy for Haiti: 1994–1996
- United Nations Special Envoy for Afghanistan: July 1997 – October 1999
- Chairperson of the Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations: 7 March 2000 – 17 August 2000
- United Nations Special Envoy for Afghanistan: 3 October 2001 – 31 December 2004
- Chairperson of the Bonn Conference: 24 November 2001 – 5 December 2001
- Special Adviser and Undersecretary General of the United Nations: 2004–2005
- United Nations Special Envoy for Iraq: 1 January 2004 – 12 June 2004
- Visiting Professor of the Institute for Advanced Study: 2006–2008
- Member of The Elders: 2007–present
- Chairperson of the Independent Panel on Safety and Security of United Nations Personnel and Premises Worldwide: 5 February 2008 – 9 June 2008
- United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy for Syria: 2012–2014
In 2010, Lakhdar Brahimi was Laureate of the Special Jury Prize for Conflict Prevention awarded by the Fondation Chirac, a foundation which was launched in 2008 by the former French president Jacques Chirac in order to promote world peace.
Brahimi is fluent in Arabic, French and English. He is married and has three children. His daughter, Rym Brahimi, who was a CNN correspondent in Baghdad during the 2003 Iraq War, is married to Prince Ali of Jordan.
- New York Times (14 May 2014). "U.N. Mediator on Syria Quits". Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Algeria's Brahimi could replace Annan". Australian Associated Press. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "SIPRI Governing Board". Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "UN Special Representative to Syria Lakhdar Brahimi resigns". Biharprabha. Indo-Asian News Service. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- "Profile: Lakhdar Brahimi". BBC. 3 September 2012.
- Lasseter, Tom. UN's Brahimi: Bremer the 'Dictator of Iraq' in Shaping Iraqi Government, 3 June 2004. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
- Shlomo Shamir (13 June 2004). "Brahimi quits post as UN envoy in Iraq". Haaretz. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- UN envoy condemns Israeli policy BBC News, 23 April 2004
- Algerian blasts suspects arrested, BBC News, 6 February 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
- Gladstone, Rick (17 August 2012). "Veteran Algerian Statesman to Succeed Annan as Special Syrian Envoy". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- "UN: Algeria's Brahimi will replace Annan in Syria". Mail.com.
- Ian Black, Middle East editor. "UN looking for Syria envoy as Brahimi prepares to quit after failed peace talks". The Guardian.
- "Video on the 2010 Conflict Prevention Prize ceremony". Vimeo.com. 6 January 2011.
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Sid Ahmed Ghozali
|Minister of Foreign Affairs
|United Nations and Arab League Envoy to Syria
Staffan de Mistura