Laki language

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This article is about the Kurdish variety. For the Northeast Caucasian language, see Lak language.
Laki
Lekî
لەکی
Native to Iran
Region Central Zagros
Ethnicity Laks
Native speakers
1 million  (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lki
Glottolog laki1244[2]
Linguasphere 58-AAC-aac
{{{mapalt}}}
Geographic distribution of Kurdish and other Iranian languages spoken by Kurds

Laki[3](لەکی; Lekî) is a Northwestern Iranian language. It is usually considered a dialect of Southern Kurdish.[4][5][6][7] Lexical similarity with Khorramabadi Luristani is 78%, with Iranian Persian is 70%, and with Northern Luri is 69%.[1]

Laki is spoken in the central Zagros region of Iran (provinces of Lorestan, Kermanshah, Ilam, and in much smaller numbers in Qazvin, Hamedan, and Khuzestan). Laki speakers dominate Southeastern Kermanshah, and Northern Lorestan, and small portion of western Ilam. This area is known as Lakestan, cities such as Harsin, Kuhdasht, Sahnah, Noorabad, Nahavand and Borujerd are dominated by Laks.

Comparison between Laki and some other Kurdish varieties[edit]

Feyli Kelhuri Central Kurdish Northern Kurdish Laki Hawrami English
wehar wehar behar, wehar behar, bihar wehar, vihar wehar spring
tawsan tawsan hawîn, tawsan havîn tawsan hamîn summer
payîz payîz payîz pahîz, payîz payîz payîz autumn
waran waran baran, werişt baran varan, waran, veşt waran, weşt rain
çaw çaw çaw çav çem çem eye
dut dut kiç keç, dot dit, afiret kinaçê girl
kurr kurr kurr kurr kurr kurr boy
gurdalle gurdalle gurçîle gurçik gurdalle wellk kidney
rêwêar rêwêar rêbwar rêbwar, rêwî rêvêar rawyar wayfarer
minall minall minall, mindall zarok ayîl zarolle child
xwem xwem xom ez bi xwe wijim wêm myself
minîş minîş minîş ez jî / min jî minîş minîç me too
keftin keftin kewtin ketin ketin kewtey to fall
xistin xistin hawêştin avêtin aîtin, aîştin - to throw
(mi) hatim (mi) hatim (min) hatim ez hatim (mi) hetim - I came
(mi) xwem/xwerim (mi) xwem/dixwim (min) exwem/dexom ez dixwim (mi) merim/mexwim min meweru I eat
(mi) nan xwardim (mi) nan xwardim (min) nanim xward min nan xuard (mi) nanim hward - I ate the meal
(mi) nan xwem (mi) nan xwem (min) nan dexwim ez nanê di xwum (mi) nane merim/mexwim - I am eating the meal
(mi) nan xwardisim (mi) na xwardêam (min) nanim dexward min nan di xuard (mi) nanme mehward - I was eating the meal
(mi) hatime (mi) hatime (min) hatûme ez hatime (mi) hetime - I have come
(mi) hatoîm (mi) hatoîm (min) hatibûm ez hatibûm (mi) hetoîm - I had come

Laki colors[edit]

Laki Zaza Northern Kurdish Central Kurdish English
ispê, çermê sipî sipî spî white
reş, sê sîya reş reş black
kaû kiho, kewe şîn şîn, kewe blue
sor sûr sor sûr red
suz sewz, kesk, kewe kesk sewz green
hoîl, qehveyî qehweyî qehweyî qaweyî brown
xakî-bur gewr, bor gewr bor gray
zerd zerd zer zerd yellow

Laki calendar[edit]

Mangê lekî
  pence
  mêrêan
  gakûr
  agranî
  mirdar
  male jêr
  male jêr domaêne
  tül tekin
  mange sêe
  niwrûj
  xake lêe
  mang êd

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Laki at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Laki". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Laki - Kurdish Academy of language
  4. ^ Windfuhr, G. (2009). The Iranian Languages, Routledge, p. 587
  5. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt: Die iranischen Sprachen in Gegenwart und Geschichte. Wiesbaden (Reichert) 2000.
  6. ^ Rüdiger Schmitt (Hg.): Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden (Reichert) 1989.
  7. ^ V. Minorsky, "Lak", Encyclopaedia of Islam.

External links[edit]