Liugui District, Kaohsiung
Liugui District in Kaohsiung City
Liugui District (Taivoan: Lakuri; Chinese: 六龜區; Hanyu Pinyin: Liùguī Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Liòuguei Cyu; Wade–Giles: Liu4-kuei1 Ch'ü1) is a rural district of Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. It is the third largest district in Kaohsiung City after Tauyuan District and Namasia District. The place-name is derived from the name of a Taivoan community Lakuri or Lakkuli, which emigrated from Vogavon in Tainan, driven to Kaohsiung by the invasion of Han immigrants and Siraya in the late 17th century.
Due to the invasion of Han in the 17th century, Siraya that originally lived in the plains of Tainan was forced to migrate to Yuchin Basin, which in turn drove Taivoan from Vogavon to Pangliao, Kaohsiung in 1781, reaching nowadays Liugui in 1799, founding community Lakkuli (Chinese: 六龜里社; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: La̍k-ku-lí-siā), also spelled Lakuri.
Empire of Japan
In 1902, in the early Japanese era, the area was administered as "Lakkuli Village" (六龜里庄). In 1910, it was modified to Rokkiri Subprefecture (Japanese: 六龜里支廳), Akō Prefecture (阿緱廳). In 1920, it was under Rokuki Village (六龜庄), Heitō District (屏東郡), Takao Prefecture. In 1932, Rokuki was annexed into Kizan District (旗山郡) under Takao Prefecture.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Liugui was incorporated to Kaohsiung County as a rural township. On 25 December 2010, the township was upgraded to a district and became part of Kaohsiung City.
The district resembles the shape of long gourd with a vertical length of 36 km and a horizontal width of 5 km. It is passed by the Laonong River along its center point from north to south.
The district consists of Xinwei, Xinxing, Xinliao, Xinfa, Peinong, Liugui, Yibao, Xinglong, Zhongxing, Baolai, Wenwu and Dajin Village.
During the Japanese rule era, the district was known as a place that produced Camphor oil. To facilitate the product training, the Japanese government constructed a route and tunnels to facilitate the transportation of the product.
- "Administrative Districts". 高雄市政府. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "認識六龜 - 基本資料 (Introduction to Liugui)". Liouguei District Office, Kaohsiung City. 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
- "Entry #40046 (六龜里社)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
- 運正, 張. "六龜鄉文化與特色 (Cultures in Liugui District)" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-06-10.
- "Liouguei District". Liouguei District Office, Kaohsiung City. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
- "Liouguei Tunnels prove popular visitor attraction". Taipei Times. 16 February 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
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