Laksamana Sukardi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Laksamana Sukardi
2nd Minister of State Owned Enterprises
In office
26 October 1999 – 26 April 2000
PresidentAbdurrahman Wahid
Preceded byTanri Abeng
Succeeded byM. Rozy Munir
In office
9 August 2001 – 20 October 2004
PresidentMegawati Soekarnoputri
Preceded byM. Rozy Munir
Succeeded bySoegiharto
Personal details
Born (1956-10-01) October 1, 1956 (age 62)
Jakarta, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesia
Spouse(s)Rethy Sukardi[1]
ChildrenNoorani Sukardi, Indraprajna Wardhani Sukardi, Galuh Swarna Sukardi & Galih Anugrah Sukardi[1]
Alma materInstitut Teknologi Bandung
ProfessionPolitician, banker, economist

Laksamana Sukardi (born October 1, 1956) is an Indonesian politician, reformist and banker who served as Minister of State Owned Enterprises (BUMN) under the presidencies of Abdurrahman Wahid and Megawati Sukarnoputri.[2][3][4]

Sukardi was born in Jakarta into a family of the menak or Sundanese aristocracy.[5][6] His father, Gandhi Sukardi (1929 - 2011), was a prominent journalist at the Antara state news agency.[5][7][8] His grandfather, Raden Didi Sukardi (1898 - 1971), was also a journalist, plantation owner and government minister of the federal state of Pasundan.[6]

Laksamana Sukardi graduated as a civil engineer from the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) in 1979, but decided to pursue a career as an economist and banker.[5][8] He eventually became part of the senior management of Bank Lippo, and was honoured as Banker of the Year from SWA Magazine in 1993.[5][8][9] He also joined the reformist Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), and was an outspoken critic of the New Order regime of General Soeharto.[1][2][3]

His political career began with his election as a legislator in 1992 to the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR).[1][2] He served in the legislature until 1997, before being appointed in October 1999 to the reformist coalition government of President Abdurrahman Wahid as Minister of State Owned Enterprises in the National Unity Cabinet.[2][4] Sukardi held this position until April 2000, but was reappointed by the next Indonesian President, Megawati Sukarnoputri, to his old post in August 2001 as part of her Mutual Assistance Cabinet (2001 - 2004).[2][3][4] As Minister of State Owned Enterprises, Laksamana Sukardi presided over one of the most significant programmes of privatisation and or sale of state-owned assets since Independence in 1945.[3][4][10]

After leaving office in 2004, Sukardi, together with other leading party bureaucrats such as Arifin Panigoro, led a revolt within the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle against party chairman and former president Megawati Sukarnoputri.[11] In 2005, they founded their own Democratic Renewal Party.[11][12]

He has been questioned by the Attorney-General of Indonesia in a number of high-profile corruption cases since leaving office in 2004.[10] WikiLeaks has also revealed the existence of a blanket gagging order applying to all citizens and media in Australia, issued by the Supreme Court of Victoria on June 19, 2014 for 'national security' reasons, which involves the names of several senior Asian politicians, including Sukardi.[13]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Laksamana Sukardi dan "Penangkaran" Politik". Kompas Online. Kompas Gramedia. 18 July 1996. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Laksamana Sukardi". Ensiklopedi Tokoh Indonesia. tokohindonesia.com. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Tomsa, Dirk (2008). Party Politics and Democratization in Indonesia: Golkar in the Post-Suharto Era. Routledge. ISBN 1134045751. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Barton, Greg (2002). Gus Dur: The Authorized Biography of Abdurrahman Wahid. Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9799589851. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d Ismail, Mustafa (April 26, 2000). "Tempo". Jiwanya Sempat Terguncang. Tempo. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b Tangkilisan, Dr. Yuda Benharry (December 18, 2009). R. H. Didi Sukardi and The Negara Pasundan: A Nationalist In The Federal State During The Indonesian Revolution 1945-1949 (PDF). Depok. pp. 231–232. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  7. ^ Priyambodo RH (February 25, 2011). "Antara News". Gandhi Sukardi Meninggal Dunia. Antara. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Kraar, Louis (July 24, 2000). "Fortune". The Corrupt Archipelago Indonesia is a mess. But when Laksamana Sukardi tried to clean it up, he found himself out of a job. Fortune. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  9. ^ "Laksamana Sukardi". Manulife Indonesia. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  10. ^ a b Hermansyah, Anton (March 2, 2016). "Jakarta Post". AGO questions ex-minister in BCA Tower case. Jakarta Post. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  11. ^ a b Slater, Dan (January 2009). "Inside Indonesia". Democracy yes, accountability no? (95: Jan-Mar 2009). Inside Indonesia. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  12. ^ Winters, Jeffrey A. (2011). Oligarchy. Cambridge University Press. p. 189. ISBN 113949564X. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Reporters Without Borders". Australian court imposes generalized news blackout on bribery case. Reporters Without Borders. July 30, 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2016.