Lakshmi Mittal

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Lakshmi Mittal
Lakshmi Mittal LM.jpg
Mittal in 2013
Born Lakshmi Niwas Mittal
(1950-06-15) 15 June 1950 (age 66)[1][2]
Sadulpur, Rajasthan, India
Residence London, United Kingdom
Nationality Indian
Other names King of Steel[3]
Alma mater St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, (B.Com.)[1]
Occupation Chairman & CEO of
ArcelorMittal
Owner of Karrick Limited[4]
Co–Owner of Queens Park Rangers
Known for Steel magnate
Net worth
Board member of Goldman Sachs
EADS
Spouse(s) Usha Mittal
Children Vanisha Mittal
Aditya Mittal
Awards Padma Vibhushan (2008)[7]

Lakshmi Niwas Mittal About this sound pronunciation ; (born 15 June 1950) is an Indian steel magnate,[8] based in the United Kingdom. He is the chairman and CEO of ArcelorMittal, the world’s largest steelmaking company. Mittal owns 38% of ArcelorMittal and holds a 34% stake in Queens Park Rangers F.C..

In 2007, Mittal was considered to be the richest Hindu and Asian person in Europe.[9][10] Despite being the eighth wealthiest man in Britain in 2002, he does not hold British citizenship.[11] He was ranked the sixth richest person in the world by Forbes in 2011, but dropped to 82nd place in March 2015.[12] In spite of the drop, Forbes estimated that he still had a personal wealth of US$16 billion in October 2013.[12] Mukesh Ambani remains the richest Indian, overtaking him, although there have been frequent surpasses.[13] He is also the 57th "most powerful person" of the 72 individuals named in Forbes' "Most Powerful People" list for 2015.[14] His daughter Vanisha Mittal's wedding was the second most expensive in recorded history.[15]

Mittal has been a member of the board of directors of Goldman Sachs since 2008,[16] and is also member of the board of directors of the Airbus Group ( formerly known as European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS)).[17] He sits on the World Steel Association's executive committee,[18] and is a member of the Indian Prime Minister’s Global Advisory Council,[18] the Foreign Investment Council in Kazakhstan,[18] the World Economic Forum’s International Business Council,[18] and the Presidential International Advisory Board of Mozambique.[18] He also sits on the advisory board of Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management in the United States[18] and is a member of the board of trustees of the Cleveland Clinic.[18]

In 2006 The Sunday Times named him "Business Person of 2006", the Financial Times named him "Person of the Year", and Time magazine named him "International Newsmaker of the Year 2006".[18] In 2007, Time magazine included him in their "100 most influential persons in the world".[19]

Early life and career[edit]

Mittal studied at Shri Daulatram Nopany Vidyalaya from 1957 to 1964. He graduated from St. Xavier's College, Calcutta, with a B.Com degree in first class from the University of Calcutta. His father, Mohan Lal Mittal, ran a steel business, Nippon Denro Ispat.[20] In 1976, due to the curb of steel production by the Indian government, the 26-year-old Mittal opened his first steel factory PT Ispat Indo in Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia.[21][22] Until the 1990s, the family's main assets in India were a cold-rolling mill for sheet steels in Nagpur and an alloy steels plant near Pune. Today, the family business, including a large integrated steel plant near Mumbai, is run by his younger brothers Pramod Mittal and Vinod Mittal, but Lakshmi has no connection with it.[23]

Philanthropy[edit]

Sports[edit]

After witnessing India win only one medal, bronze, in the 2000 Summer Olympics, and one medal, silver, at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Mittal decided to set up Mittal Champions Trust with $9 million to support 10 Indian athletes with world-beating potential.[24] In 2008, Mittal awarded Abhinav Bindra with Rs. 1.5 Crore (Rs. 15 million), for getting India its first individual Olympic gold medal in shooting. Arcelor Mittal Also financed the construction of ArcelorMittal Orbit for 2012 Summer Olympics.[citation needed]

For Comic Relief he matched the money raised (~£1 million) on the celebrity special BBC programme, The Apprentice.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

In 2003, the Lakshmi Niwas Mittal and Usha Mittal Foundation and the Government of Rajasthan partnered together to establish a university, the LNM Institute of Information Technology (LNMIIT) in Jaipur as an autonomous non-profit organization.[citation needed]

In 2009, the Foundation along with Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan founded the Usha Lakshmi Mittal Institute of Management in New Delhi.[citation needed]

SNDT Women's University renamed the Institute of Technology for Women (ITW) as Usha Mittal Institute of Technology after a large donation from the Lakshmi Niwas Mittal Foundation.[citation needed]

Medical[edit]

In 2008 the Mittals made a donation of £15 million to Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, the largest private contribution the hospital had ever received. The donation was used to help fund their new facility, the Mittal Children's Medical Centre.[25]

Criticism and allegations[edit]

PHS[edit]

Mittal successfully employed Marek Dochnal's consultancy to influence Polish officials in the privatization of PHS steel group, which was Poland's largest. Dochnal was later arrested for bribing Polish officials on behalf of Russian agents in a separate affair.[26]

In 2007, the Polish government said it wanted to renegotiate the 2004 sale to Arcelor Mittal.[27]

Slave-labour allegations and questionable safety records[edit]

Employees of Mittal have accused him of "slave labour" conditions after multiple fatalities in his mines.[28] During December 2004, twenty-three miners died in explosions in his mines in Kazakhstan caused by faulty gas detectors.

The Mittal Affair: "Cash for Influence"[edit]

In 2002 Plaid Cymru MP Adam Price obtained a letter written by Tony Blair to the Romanian Government in support of Mittal's LNM steel company, which was in the process of bidding to buy Romania's state-owned steel industry.[29][30][31] This revelation caused controversy, because Mittal had given £125,000 to the British Labour Party the previous year. Although Blair defended his letter as simply "celebrating the success" of a British company, he was criticised because LNM was registered in the Dutch Antilles and employed less than 1% of its workforce in the UK.[31] LNM was a "major global competitor of Britain's own struggling steel industry".[32]

Blair's letter hinted that the privatisation of the firm and sale to Mittal might help smooth the way for Romania's entry into the European Union.[29] It also had a passage, removed just prior to Blair's signing of it, describing Mittal as "a friend".[31]

Queens Park Rangers[edit]

Mittal had emerged as a leading contender to buy and sell Barclays Premiership clubs Wigan and Everton. However, on 20 December 2007 it was announced that the Mittal family had purchased a 20 percent shareholding in Queens Park Rangers football club joining Flavio Briatore and Mittal's friend Bernie Ecclestone.[33] As part of the investment Mittal's son-in-law, Amit Bhatia, took a place on the board of directors. The combined investment in the struggling club sparked suggestions that Mittal might be looking to join the growing ranks of wealthy individuals investing heavily in English football and emulating similar benefactors such as Roman Abramovich.[34]

On 19 February 2010, Briatore resigned as QPR chairman, and sold further shares in the club to Ecclestone, making Ecclestone the single largest shareholder.[35]

Environmental damage[edit]

Mittal purchased the Irish Steel plant based in Cork, Ireland, from the government for a nominal fee of £1 million. Three years later, in 2001, it was closed, leaving 400 people redundant. Subsequent environmental issues at the site have been a cause for criticism. The government tried to sue in the High Court to have him pay for the clean-up of Cork Harbour but failed. The clean up was expected to cost €70 million.[36]

Rumour[edit]

In 2014, Mittal denied that there was any truth in the rumour that he made a bid to buy "Blencathra" mountain lying in Northern fells mountain range in Britain's Lake district.[37]

Personal life[edit]

Mittal's residence, 18–19, Kensington Palace Gardens, London.

Mittal was born on 15 June 1950 in Sadulpur, Rajasthan. He is married to Usha Mittal. They have a son Aditya Mittal and a daughter Vanisha Mittal.

Lakshmi Mittal has two brothers, Pramod Mittal and Vinod Mittal, and a sister, Seema Lohia, who married Indonesian businessman, Sri Prakash Lohia.

[1][2] His residence at 18-19 Kensington Palace Gardens—which was purchased from Formula One boss Bernie Ecclestone in 2004 for £67 million (US$128 million)—made it the world's most expensive house at the time.[38] The house is decorated with marble taken from the same quarry that supplied the Taj Mahal.[39] The extravagant show of wealth has been referred to as the "Taj Mittal".[40] It has 12 bedrooms, an indoor pool, Turkish baths and parking for 20 cars.[41] He is a lacto-vegetarian.[42]

Mittal bought No. 9A Palace Greens, Kensington Gardens, formerly the Philippines Embassy, for £70 million in 2008 for his daughter Vanisha Mittal who is married to Amit Bhatia, a businessman and philanthropist. Mittal threw a lavish "vegetarian reception" for Vanisha in the Palace of Versailles, France.[42]

Mittal owns three prime properties collectively worth £500 million on "Billionaire's Row" at Kensington Palace Gardens.[43]

In 2005 he also bought a colonial bungalow for $30 million at No. 22, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Road, New Delhi, one of the most exclusive streets in India, occupied by embassies and billionaires, and rebuilt it as a house.[44]

In December 2013, Mittal's niece Shrishti Mittal got married in a three-day celebration that is said to have brought Barcelona to a standstill and cost up to £50m. Some 200 butlers, cooks and secretaries were reportedly flown into Spain from India and Thailand while the 500 guests were made to sign confidentiality agreements.[45]

Personal wealth[edit]

According to the Sunday Times Rich List 2016, Mittal and his family had an estimated personal net worth of GB£7.12 billion,[6] a decrease of $2.08 billion on the previous year.[46] Meanwhile, in 2016 Forbes magazine's annual billionaires list assessed estimated Mittal's wealth in 2016 at as the 135th wealthiest billionaire with a net worth of US$8.4 billion.[47] Mittal's net worth peaked in 2008, assessed by The Sunday Times at GB£27.70 billion,[48] and by Forbes at US$45.0 billion, and rated as the 4th wealthiest individual in the world.[49]

Wealth rankings[edit]

Year Sunday Times
Rich List
Forbes
The World's Billionaires
Rank Net worth
(GB£) bn
Rank Net worth
(US$) bn
2005 3 $25.00
2006 1 £14.88 Increase 5 Decrease $23.50 Decrease
2007[50] 1 Steady £19.25 Increase 5 Steady $32.00 Increase
2008[48][49] 1 Steady £27.70 Increase 4 Increase $45.00 Increase
2009[51][52] 1 Steady £10.80 Decrease 8 Decrease $19.30 Decrease
2010[53][54][55] 1 Steady £22.45 Increase 5 Increase 28.70 Increase
2011[56][57] 1 Steady £17.50 Decrease 6 Decrease $31.10 Increase
2012[58] 1 Steady £12.70 Decrease 21 Decrease $20.70 Decrease
2013[59][60][61] 4 Decrease £10.00 Decrease 41 Decrease $16.50 Decrease
2014[62][63] 3 Increase £10.25 Increase 52 Decrease $13.70 Decrease
2015[12][64][65] 7 Decrease £9.20 Increase 82 Decrease $13.50 Decrease
2016[6][47] 11 Decrease £7.12 Increase 135 Decrease $8.40 Decrease
Legend
Icon Description
Steady Has not changed from the previous year's list
Increase Has increased from the previous year's list
Decrease Has decreased from the previous year's list

Awards and honours[edit]

Year of Award or Honour Name of Award or Honour Awarding Organization
2008 Forbes Lifetime Achievement Award Forbes
2007 Fellowship King's College London
2004 European Businessman of the Year Forbes
2004 Entrepreneur of the Year Wall Street Journal
2004 8th honorary Willy Korf Steel Vision Award American Metal Market and World Steel Dynamics
1996 Steel Maker of the Year New Steel

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tim Bouquet and Byron Ousey - Cold Steel (Little, Brown, 2008).
  • Yogesh Chabria - Invest The Happionaire Way (CNBC - Network18, 2008).
  • Navalpreet Rangi-Documentary Film (The Man With A Mission, 2010).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]