Lal-lo, Cagayan

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Municipality of Lal-Lo
Nueva Segovia Church
Nueva Segovia Church
Official seal of Lal-lo
Map of Cagayan with Lal-lo highlighted
Map of Cagayan with Lal-lo highlighted
Lal-lo is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°12′N 121°40′E / 18.2°N 121.67°E / 18.2; 121.67Coordinates: 18°12′N 121°40′E / 18.2°N 121.67°E / 18.2; 121.67
Country Philippines
RegionCagayan Valley (Region II)
District1st District
Barangays35 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorFlorante 'Anteng' C. Pascual
 • Electorate24,950 voters (2016)
 • Total702.80 km2 (271.35 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total44,506
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)78
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)182.4 million  (2016)
Native languagesIlocano
Cagayan Agta language

Lal-lo, officially the Municipality of Lal-Lo, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 44,506 people.[3]

During the Spanish colonial period, Lal-lo was known as the City of Nueva Segovia and was the seat of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia before it was moved to Vigan in Ilocos Sur. There is a recent move in the Philippine Congress to rename Lal-lo back to its former name and reclassify the municipality again as a component city.

The current mayor of Lal-lo is Florante 'Anteng' Pascual, spouse of former Mayor Olivia Pascual, now a board member of the 1st district of Cagayan.

Recently, the provincial government of Cagayan thru the leadership of Governor Manuel Mamba is planning to make Lal-lo the provincial capital of Cagayan again.[4]

An international airport is currently being built in the southern part of Lal-lo. The Northern Cagayan International Airport is constructed to support the Cagayan Special Economic Zone in northern Cagayan and will also serve the seaborne traffic through Port Irene. The airport project involves the construction of a 2,200-meter runway, with a width of 45 meters, following the standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Once completed, the international airport can accommodate large aircraft such as the Airbus A319-100 and Boeing regional jets of comparable size.


Lal-lo is politically subdivided into 35 barangays.

  • Abagao
  • Alaguia
  • Bagumbayan
  • Bangag
  • Bical
  • Bicud
  • Binag
  • Cabayabasan (Capacuan)
  • Cagoran
  • Cambong
  • Catayauan
  • Catugan
  • Centro (Poblacion)
  • Cullit
  • Dagupan
  • Dalaya
  • Fabrica
  • Fusina
  • Jurisdiction
  • Lalafugan
  • Logac
  • Magallungon (Sta. Teresa)
  • Magapit
  • Malanao
  • Maxingal
  • Naguilian
  • Paranum
  • Rosario
  • San Antonio (Lafu)
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Lorenzo
  • San Mariano
  • Santa Maria
  • Tucalana


Lal-lo means "twisting two strands to make a rope", or may also refer to the strong river current as it is located along Cagayan River, the longest and largest river in the Philippines.


Classical Era[edit]

In the classical era, Lal-lo used to be the home of hunter-gatherers who specialized in hunting mollusks. These hunter-gatherers have stockpiled their leftover mollusk shells in numerous sites in Lal-lo and neighboring Gattaran, until eventually, the shells formed into largest stock of shell-midden sites in the entire Philippines.

Spanish Era[edit]

The first European to set foot on what is now the town of Lal-lo is Juan de Salcedo, the Spanish conquistador and grandson of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, in 1572. Don Juan Pablo Carrion established it as a pueblo (municipality) in 1581 and named it Nueva Segovia. The reason is currently unknown, as the hometown of this Spanish soldier was Carrión de los Condes (Palencia, Spain), as his last name, Carrión, suggests. This is mentioned by Juan Miguel Aguilera and Ángel Miranda in their book "Espadas del Fin del Mundo" (2016).

Diocese of Nueva Segovia[edit]

In 1595, Pope Clement VIII created the Diocese of Nueva Segovia and in 1596, the Dominicans accepted it as an ecclesiastical mission. Nueva Segovia had three churches: the cathedral that was under the secular clergy, and the parishes of Centro and Tocolona under the supervision of the Dominicans. But because of its distance from Manila and the constant threat of the Cagayan River's rampaging waters, the Diocese of Nueva Segovia was transferred to Vigan in Ilocos Sur province in 1758. The diocese's name went along with the transfer to Vigan and to avoid confusion, Bishop Miguel Garcia requested that Nueva Segovia and its suburbs renamed back to Lal-lo. The seat of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia remains in Vigan till today where is now elevated as the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia.

The transfer affected the closure of the cathedral and the merging of the three churches into the single parish of Centro. The two other churches were abandoned and eventually destroyed because of neglect while the church of Centro, dedicated to Sto. Domingo de Guzman (Saint Dominic) became what is now the church of Lal-lo. The remains of three bishops are interred in the church: Bishop Miguel de Benavides who was Nueva Segovia's first bishop and later of Manila where he founded the University of Santo Tomas, Bishop Diego de Soria who was the second bishop of the diocese, and Bishop Diego Aduarte who was the sixth.

Provincial capital[edit]

Lal-lo used to be the capital of Cagayan province until 1839 when the provincial seat of power was relocated to Tuguegarao. The decline of Lal-lo is the transformation of Tuguegarao as the most important town in Cagayan. It was accepted as an ecclesiastical mission by the Dominicans in 1604, 23 years after the foundation of Lal-lo.


Researchers have found a Spanish document which declared this municipality as a city during the Spanish regime, according to board member Maria Olivia Pascual. Pascual said a bill, which clamors for the restoration of the former Ciudad Nueva Segovia now called Lal-lo filed by 1SR Congressional District Representative Juan Ponce Enrile Jr., will be re-filed.

During the first term of Mayor Florante Pascual, he resolved that the cityhood be restored through an earlier bill. However, even after sending a research delegation to Madrid to retrieve the historical document originally signed by King Philip, the team failed to locate it. The document is a basic requirement in the bid of this town for cityhood.

Under the local government code, municipalities who want to elevate themselves into cities must satisfy requirements on population, land area and income. For municipalities who were earlier declared as Spanish cities, only decrees which declared them as such is the basic requirement. Earlier, the towns of Naga (Nueva Caceres) and Vigan (Ciudad Fernandina) were elevated to cityhood status after both towns applied for their historical rights in the early 1990s. Academics clarified that there is a big difference between restoration and conversion of cities under Philippine laws.

Under the Diocese of Nueva Segovia, Lal-lo enjoyed lavish gifts from Spain and was the capital of the entire Cagayan Valley region until its transfer to Tuguegarao City in 1839.

As recently as 2018, vice mayor Oliver Pascual has said that the establishment of Northern Cagayan International Airport in the municipality would be "a great boost" in its bid for the restoration of its city status.[4]

Modern Era[edit]

In 2006, the shell-midden sites of Lalo-lo and Gattaran were included in the UNESCO Tentative List for World Heritage Site inclusion, a step closer to becoming a world heritage site. The shell-midden sites are currently being conserved by the local government from looting to preserve its outstanding universal value.


Population census of Lal-Lo
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,309—    
1918 9,385+1.68%
1939 12,921+1.53%
1948 10,730−2.04%
1960 16,834+3.82%
1970 21,400+2.43%
1975 24,866+3.06%
1980 26,947+1.62%
1990 31,373+1.53%
1995 32,156+0.46%
2000 36,529+2.77%
2007 39,607+1.12%
2010 41,388+1.61%
2015 44,506+1.39%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Lal-lo, Cagayan, was 44,506 people,[3] with a density of 63 inhabitants per square kilometre or 160 inhabitants per square mile.


Climate data for Lal-lo, Cagayan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
Average low °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 120
Average rainy days 16.9 12.2 11.5 10.6 18.7 20.1 21.2 23.3 20.8 16.9 16.5 20.0 208.7
Source: Meteoblue [8]


  • Lal-lo National High School
  • Cagayan State University Lal-lo
  • Lyceum of Lal-lo
  • Lal-lo National High School - Cabayabasan Annex
  • Logac National High School
  • Magapit National High School


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Cagayan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b Mapa, Susan (7 March 2018). "Cityhood ng Lal-lo, May Alas Na!". RMN Networks - Reaching Millions Nationwide. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Cagayan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Lal-lo, Cagayan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 15 December 2018.

External links[edit]