Lala Deen Dayal
Lala Deen Dayal
ਲਾਲਾ ਦੀਨ ਦਯਾਲ
Sardhana, Uttar Pradesh
Lala Deen Dayal (Punjabi: ਲਾਲਾ ਦੀਨ ਦਯਾਲ; 1844 – ?; also known as Raja Deen Dayal) was an Indian photographer. His career began in the mid-1870s as a commissioned photographer; eventually he set up studios in Indore, Mumbai and Hyderabad. He became the court photographer to the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad, Mahbub Ali Khan, Asif Jah VI, who awarded him the title Musawwir Jung Raja Bahadur, and he was appointed as the photographer to the Viceroy of India in 1885.
Early life and education
Deen Dayal was born in Sardhana, Uttar Pradesh, near Meerut in a family of jewellers. He received technical training at Thompson College of Civil Engineering at Roorkee (now IIT Roorkee) in 1866 as an engineer in lower subbordinate class.
In 1866, Deen Dayal entered government service as head estimator and draughtsman in the Department of Works Secretariat Office in Indore. Meanwhile, he took up photography. His first patron in Indore was Maharaja Tukoji Rao II of Indore state, who in turn introduced him to Sir Henry Daly, agent to the Governor General for Central India (1871–1881) and the founder of Daly College, who encouraged his work, along with the Maharaja himself who encouraged him to set up his studio in Indore. Soon he was getting commissions from Maharajas and the British Raj. The following year he was commissioned to photograph the governor general's tour of Central India. In 1868, Deen Dayal founded his studio – Lala Deen Dayal & Sons – and was subsequently commissioned to photograph temples and palaces of India. He established studios in Secunderabad, Bombay, and Indore in the 1870s.
In 1875–76, Deen Dayal photographed the Royal Tour of the Prince and Princess of Wales. In the early 1880s he travelled with Sir Lepel Griffin through Bundelkhand, photographing the ancient architecture of the region. Griffin commissioned him to do archaeological photographs: The result was a portfolio of 86 photographs, known as "Famous Monuments of Central India".
The next year he retired from government service and concentrated on his career as a professional photographer. Deen Dayal became the court photographer to the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad in 1885. Soon afterward he moved from Indore to Hyderabad. In the same year he was appointed as the photographer to the Viceroy of India. In time, the Nizam of Hyderabad conferred the honorary title of Raja upon him. It was at this time that Dayal created the firm Raja Deen Dayal & Sons in Hyderabad.
The Lala Deen Dayal studios' collection of 2,857 glass plate negatives was bought by the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi in 1989. Today it is the largest repository of his work. A large collection including celebrated images of the 1870s' famine are with the Peabody Essex Museum, US and the Alkazi collection in Delhi. In 2010, a retrospective exhibition of his work was held at IGNCA, curated by Jyotindra Jain.
In 2006, a curated collection of Raja Deen Dayal's photographs was exhibited at the Salar Jung Museum during the Times Hyderabad Festival; subsequently in November, the Ministry of Communications, Department of Posts released a commemorative stamp honouring him; the ceremony was held at Jubilee Hall, Hyderabad.
Bashir Bagh Palace, Hyderabad
Drawing Room of Chowmahalla Palace, Hyderabad
A distant view of the Falaknuma Palace from an opposite hillside, taken by in the 1880s
Rashtrapati Nilayam, Hyderabad, then Residency House circa 1892
- The Library of Congress (i.e., the Anglo-American Name Authority) gives the date of his death as 5 July 1905, which is probably an error, and gives the preferred form of his name as "Deen Dayal, Raja". The Union List of Artist Names gives his year of death as 1910 and the preferred form of his name as "Dayal, Lala Deen".
- "Portrait of a photographer". The Tribune. 8 February 2004.
- "Lala Deen Dayal stamp released: Many photographers fail to match Deen Dayal's ability even today, says Union Minister". The Hindu. 12 November 2006.
- Thomas, 24.
- Thomas, 31.
- Thomas, 39.
- "Vignettes of a splendorous era". The Hindu. 28 November 2010.
- Thomas, 40
- Thomas, 40.
- "The Raja of images". Hindustan Times. 3 December 2010. Archived from the original on 4 February 2011.
- "Framing history". Indian Express. 1 December 2010.
- "Deen Dayal's 'eyes' capture bygone era". The Times of India. 26 April 2006.
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- Anglo-American Name Authority File, s.v. “Deen Dayal, Raja”, LC Control Number n 79141503, cited 18 August 2006.
- Canadian Centre for Architecture; Collections Online, s.v. “Dayal, Lala Deen”, cited 18 August 2006.
- Johnson, William S. Nineteenth-Century Photography: An Annotated Bibliography, 1839–1879 (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990).
- Thomas, G. History of photography, India, 1840–1980 (Andhra Pradesh: Andhra Pradesh State Akademi of Photography, 1981), 24, 31, 39, 40.
- Union List of Artist Names, s.v. "Dayal, Lala Deen", cited 18 August 2006.
- Princely India: Photographs by Raja Deen Dayal, 1884–1910, by Deen Dayal (Author), Clark Worswick. Knopf, 1980. ISBN 0-394-50772-X.
- Raja Deen Dayal : Prince of Photographers, by Narendra Luther, Sureshchand Deendayal. Hyderabadi, 2003. ISBN 81-901752-0-3.
- Lala Deen Dayal: the eminent Indian photographer, 1844–1910, Deen Dayal (Raja), London Borough of Camden. Libraries & Arts Dept., 2002.
- Raja Deen Dayal Collection at Alkazi Foundation