Lalbag subdivision

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Lalbag subdivision
Subdivision
The Hazarduari Palace with the clock tower in the foreground
The Hazarduari Palace with the clock tower in the foreground
Lalbag subdivision is located in West Bengal
Lalbag subdivision
Lalbag subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Lalbag subdivision is located in India
Lalbag subdivision
Lalbag subdivision
Lalbag subdivision (India)
Coordinates: 24°11′N 88°16′E / 24.18°N 88.27°E / 24.18; 88.27Coordinates: 24°11′N 88°16′E / 24.18°N 88.27°E / 24.18; 88.27
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Headquarters Murshidabad
Area
 • Total 1,019.10 km2 (393.48 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,253,886
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB
Website wb.gov.in

Lalbag subdivision is an administrative subdivision of Murshidabad district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview[edit]

The Bhagirathi River splits the Murshidabad district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. The Labag subdivision is spread over both Bagri and Rarh physiographic regions from the Jalangi-Bhagirathi Interfluve to the Ganges-Bhagirathi basin to the Nabagram plains.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

In 1704, when Murshid Quli Khan was Divan, he shifted his headquarters from Dhaka to Maksudabad and renamed it Murshidabad. In 1717, when Murshid Quli Khan became Subahdar, he made Murshidabad the capital of Subah Bangla (then Bengal, Bihar and Odisha).[4]

After the defeat of Siraj ud-Daulah in the Battle of Plassey by the forces of the British East India Company, in 1757, Mir Jafar became a puppet ruler.[5]In 1773, the East India Company established a capital in Calcutta and appointed its first Governor-General, Warren Hastings, and became directly involved in governance.[6]

Geography[edit]

Subdivisions[edit]

Murshidabad district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[7]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Barhampur Baharampur 1,195.57 1,725,525 80.15 19.85
Kandi Kandi 1,200.76 1,155,645 93.21 6.79
Jangipur Jangipur 1,097.82 1,972,308 56.43 43.57
Lalbag Murshidabad 1,019.10 1,253,886 92.36 7.64
Domkol Domkol 837.88 996,443 97.55 2.45
Murshidabad district 5,324.00 7,103,807 80.28 19.72

Administrative units[edit]

Lalbag subdivision has 6 police stations, 5 community development blocks, 5 panchayat samitis, 44 gram panchayats, 474 mouzas, 430 inhabited villages and 2 municipalities. The municipalities are: Murshidabad and Jiaganj Azimganj. The subdivision has its headquarters at Murshidabad.[8][9]

Police stations[edit]

Police stations in Lalbag subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[10][11]

Police station Area covered
km2
India-Bangladesh
border km
Municipal town CD Block
Lalgola n/a n/a - Lalgola
Bhagawangola n/a n/a - Bhagawangola I
Ranitala n/a n/a - Bhagawangola II
Murshidabad n/a - Murshidabad Murshidabad-Jiaganj (partly)
Jiaganj n/a - Jiaganj Azimganj Murshidabad-Jiaganj (partly)
Nabagram n/a - - Nabagram

Murshidabad district has a 125.35 km long international border with Bangladesh of which 42.35 km is on land and the remaining is riverine.[12]

There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators entering Murshidabad district.[13][14] An estimate made in 2000 places the total number of illegal Bangladeshi immigrants in India at 1.5 crore, with around 3 lakh entering every year. The thumb rule for such illegal immigrants is that for each illegal person caught four get through. While many immigrants have settled in the border areas, some have moved on, even to far way places such as Mumbai and Delhi. The border is guarded by the Border Security Force.[15]During the UPA government, Sriprakash Jaiswal, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, had made a statement in Parliament on 14 July 2004, that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi infiltrators living in India, and West Bengal topped the list with 5.7 million Bangladeshis. More recently, Kiren Rijiju, Minister of State for Home Affairs in the NDA government has put the figure at around 20 million.[16]Critics point out that the Bengali politicians, particularly those from the ruling Trinamool Congress and the CPI (M), believe that a soft approach to the problem help them to win Muslim votes.[17]

Blocks[edit]

Community development blocks in Lalbag subdivision are:[18][19]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Muslims % Hindus % Decadal
Growth Rate
2001-2011 %
Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Lalgola Lalgola 184.37 335,831 9.30 0.05 80.25 19.50 25.48 64.32 -
Bhagawangola I Bhagawangola 136.10 202,071 7.20 0.14 85.67 14.19 23.62 66.79 -
Bhagawangola II Nasipur 175.26 158,024 3.30 0.03 89.43 10.48 21.65 62.82 -
Murshidabad-Jiaganj Murshidabad 192.13 234,565 17.24 5.25 54.52 44.61 17.13 69.12 -
Nabagram Nabagram 306.63 227,586 24.88 7.37 52.59 45.17 15.76 70.83 -

Gram Panchayats[edit]

The subdivision contains 44 gram panchayats under 5 community development blocks:[20]

  • Murshidabad–Jiaganj CD Block - Bahadurpur, Kapasdanga, Prasadpur, Dahapara, Mukundabag, Tentulia, Dangapara and Natungram.
  • Bhagawangola–I CD block - Bhagawangola, Hanumantanagar, Kuthirampur, Mahisasthali, Habaspur, Kantanagar, Mahammadpur and Sundarpur.
  • Bhagawangola–II CD Block - Akheriganj, Baligram, Nashipur, Amdahara, Kharibona and Saralpur.
  • Lalgola CD Block - Airmari Krishnapur, Dewansarai, Lalgola, Nashipur, Bahadurpur, JasaitalaJasaitala., Manikchak, Paikpara, Bilborakopra, Kalmegha, Maiya and Ramchandrapur.
  • Nabagram CD Block - Amarkundu, Kiriteswari, Narayanpur, Shibpur, Gura–Pashla, Mahurul, Panchgram, Hajbibidanga, Nabagram and Rasulpur.

River bank erosion[edit]

As of 2013, an estimated 2.4 million people reside along the banks of the Ganges alone in Murshidabad district.[21] The main channel of the Ganges has a bankline of 94 km along its right bank from downstream of Farakka Barrage to Jalangi. Severe erosion occurs all along this bank. The encroaching river wiped out 50 mouzas and engulfed about 10,000 hectares of fertile land. The following blocks have to face the brunt of erosion year after year: Farakka, Samserganj, Suti I, Suti II, Raghunathganj II, Lalgola, Bhagawangola I, Bhagawangola II, Raninagar I, Raninagar II and Jalangi. As per official estimate, till 1992-94 more than 10,000 hectares of chars (flood plain sediment island) have developed in main places, which have become inaccessible from the Indian side but can be reached easily from Bangladesh.[22]

See also - River bank erosion along the Ganges in Malda and Murshidabad districts

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

All inhabited villages in Murshidabad district have power supply.[23]

See the individual block pages for more information about the infrastructure available.

Agriculture[edit]

Murshidabad is a predominantly agricultural district. A majority of the population depends on agriculture for a living. The land is fertile. The eastern portion of the Bhagirathi, an alluvial tract, is very fertile for growing Aus paddy, jute and rabi crops. The Kalantar area in the south-eastern portion of the district, is a low-lying area with stiff dark clay and supports mainly the cultivation of Aman paddy. The west flank of the Bhagirathi is a lateritic tract insersected by numerous bils and old river beds. It supports the cultivation of Aman paddy, sugar cane and mulberry.[24]

Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Lalbag subdivision, other subdivisions and the Murshidabad district, with data for the year 2013-14.[25]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Lalgola 10,903 9,870 134,085 2,697 7,511 4.176 -
Bhagawangola I 4,799 902 95,908 2,529 5,088 8,940 -
Bhagawangola II 2,304 322 90,697 232 5,141 7,303 -
Murshidabad-Jiaganj 6,243 8,930 91,177 2,262 4,451 9,499 -
Nabagram 43,785 280 15,583 89 401 11,079 3,295
Lalbag subdivision 68,034 20,304 427,450 7,809 22,592 40,997 3,295
Barhampur subdivision 268,587 109,091 914,791 5,758 35,315 39,914 160,221
Kandi subdivision 487,207 4,157 6,186 4,818 9,355 85,886 106,646
Jangipur subdivision 207,472 45,261 207,425 9,374 12,375 38,197 52,344
Domkol subdivision 80,899 109,518 730,393 16,755 33,410 117,082 25,023
Murshidabad district 1,112,199 288,331 2,286,245 44,514 113,047 322.076 347,529

Education[edit]

Murshidabad district had a literacy rate of 66.59% (for population of 7 years and above) as per the census of India 2011. Barhampur subdivision had a literacy rate of 72.60%, Kandi subdivision 66.28%, Jangipur subdivision 60.95%, Lalbag subdivision 68.00% and Domkal subdivision 68.35%.[26]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Murshidabad district for the year 2013-14:[26]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Barhampur 728 88,371 107 13,364 37 31,214 92 162,613 7 17,418 11 2,796 2,278 100,164
Kandi 672 66,030 105 11,248 46 32,752 61 87,482 5 7,830 3 400 1,717 74,370
Jangipur 747 144,416 72 14,159 25 30,004 76 194,025 5 15,335 5 500 2,793 160,236
Lalbag 601 72,429 74 8,997 24 22,174 66 120,454 5 13,088 7 759 2,082 93,891
Domkol 432 52,177 73 11,791 22 23,201 47 86,672 3 7,211 11 2,457 1,612 74,330
Murshidabad district 3,180 423,423 431 59,559 154 139,345 342 651,246 25 60,882 37 6,912 10,482 502,991

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[26]

The following institutions are located in Lalbag subdivision:

Healthcare[edit]

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Murshidabad district.[36]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Barhampur 2 2 4 15 3 - - 45 71 1,645 282 149,393 2,094,027
Kandi 1 2 3 17 1 - - 6 30 567 68 85,624 1,005,056
Jangipur 1 1 6 15 - - 2 12 37 590 62 141,427 1,043,548
Lalbag 1 2 3 14 - 1 1 23 45 483 65 105,562 1,154,275
Domkol 1 2 2 9 - - - 19 33 252 44 45,110 802,309
Murshidabad district 6 9 18 70 4 1 3 105 216 2,537 521 527,116 6,099,215

.* Excluding nursing homes

Medical facilities in Lalbag subdivision are as follows:
Hospitals: (Name, location, beds)[37]
Lalbag Subdivisional Hospital, Murshidabad, 250 beds

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds)[37]
Jiaganj Rural Hospital, Murshidabad-Jiaganj CD Block, Jiaganj, 30 beds
Krishnapur Rural Hospital, Lalgola CD Block, Krishnapur, 50 beds
Kanapukur Rural Hospital, Bhagawangola I CD Block, Kismattatla, 15 beds

Block Primary Health Centres: (Name, block, location, beds)[37]
Nabagram BPHC, Nabagram CD Block, Nabagram, 15 beds
Nasipur BPHC, Bhagawangola II CD Block, Nasipur, 15 beds

Primary Health Centres: (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC location, beds)[37]
Murshidabad-Jiaganj CD Block: Azimganj (15), Dangapara, Hasanpur (4), Lalkuthi, Dahapara (4)
Nabagram CD Block: Panchgram (10), Nimgram-Beluri (4), Bagirapara, Rasulpur (4), Kiriteswari (6)
Lalgola CD Block: Rajarampur (4), Krishnapur-Dinupara (10)
Bhagawangola I CD Block: Oper-Orahar, Sundarpur (2), Habaspur (10)
Bhagawangola II CD Block: Fulpur (4), Kolan-Radhakantapur (10)

Electoral constituencies[edit]

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Lalbag subdivision were as follows: [38]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Murshdiabad None Bhagabangola None Bhagawangola II community development block and Bhagawangola, Habaspur, Hanumantanagar, Kuthirampur, Mahammadpur, Mahisasthali and Sundarpur gram panchayats of Bhagawangola I CD Block
Murshidabad None Murshidabad municipality, Jiaganj Azimganj municipality and Murshidabad-Jiaganj CD Block
3 assembly segments in Domkol subdivision, 1 assembly segment each in Barhampur subdivision and Tehatta subdivision of Nadia district
Jangipur None Lalgola None Airmari Krishnapur, Bahadurpur, Bilbora Kopra, Dewansarai, Jasaitala, Kalmegha, Lalgola, Manikchak, Nashipur, Paikpara and Ramchandrapur GPs of Lalgola CD Block and Kantanagar GP of Bhagawangola I CD Block
Nabagram Reserved for SC Nabagram CD Block, and Niyallishpara Goaljan, Radharghat I, Radharghat II and Sahajadpur GPs of Berhampore CD Block
4 assembly segments in Jangipur subdivision and 1 assembly segment in Kandi subdivision

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Types and sources of floods in Murshidabad, West Bengal" (PDF). Swati Mollah. Indian Journal of Applied Research, February 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Physiography, Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Gazeteer" (PDF). (in Bengali) Chapter 3: History. Murshidabad District Administration. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  5. ^ "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757". William Watts. World Digital Library. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  6. ^ Metcalf & Metcalf, p. 56
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad, Tables 2.2, 2.4(a)". Note: At the time of uploading of the revised version of this page the internet version of the District Statistical Handbook had been taken off but there is a print version. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Murshidabad District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  12. ^ "Egiye Bangla Murshidabad". Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltration: The Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Report taking shape amid infiltration buzz". The Telegraph, 23 August 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  15. ^ Jamwal, N.S. "Border Management: Dilema of Guarding the India-Bangladesh border" (PDF). Strategic Analysis, January-March 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  16. ^ "Two crore illegal Bangladeshi living in India: Govt". Business Standard / Press Trust of India, 16 November 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  17. ^ "Bangladesh infiltrators: Bengal will be eaten up by the Frankenstein it created". One India, 27 March 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 2 March 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  19. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  20. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2017. 
  21. ^ "Types and sources of floods in Murshidabad, West Bengal" (PDF). Swati Mollah. Indian Journal of Applied Research, February 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  22. ^ Banerjee, Manisha. "A Report on the Impact of Farakka Barrage on the Human Fabric, November 1999" (PDF). The social impact of erosion, pp 13-14. South Asia Network On Dams, Rivers and People, New Delhi: 110 088 India. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 96-97 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities,2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  24. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 17-19: Soil and cropping pattern, Land and land-use pattern. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  25. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 18.1. Data for subdivisions/ district calculated by totalling the CD Block data provided. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  26. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  27. ^ "Subhas Chandra Bose Centenary College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  28. ^ "Lalgola College". LC. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  29. ^ "Nabagram Amar Chand Kundu College". NACK. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  30. ^ "Nabagram Amar Chand Kundu College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  31. ^ "Sripat Singh College". SSC. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  32. ^ "Sripat Singh College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  33. ^ "Rani Dhanya Kumari College". RDKC. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  34. ^ "Rani Dhanyakumari College". College Admission. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  35. ^ "Jiaganj College of Engineering and Technology". JCET. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  36. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  37. ^ a b c d "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  38. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 9 September 2017.