He was born in Krishnagar, West Bengal in 1849. After passing the Entrance examination in the first division, Ghosh left for England in 1869 to qualify as a barrister. He studied in England and qualified as a Barrister-at-law and joined the Calcutta Bar in 1873. His elder brother Monomohun Ghose was also a barrister and well known political personality of India.
Ghosh was elected president of the Madras session (1903) of the Indian National Congress.
His social and political ideals were derived mostly from the liberal humanism of Victorian England. He strongly believed the importance of Western education for the people of India as a force to unite the people into one nation and he pleaded for compulsory primary education in India in his presidential address at the Madras session of the Congress. Ghosh never thought of a severance of relation between England and India, but he also believed that it was necessary to acquire by constitutional means, rights for Indians to the British type rules of law and justice, to free expression of opinion, to opportunities of trade and service, and to democratic legislative institutions.
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