Lalu Prasad Yadav

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lalu Prasad Yadav
Lalu Prasad Yadav.jpg
Lalu Prasad Yadav at Enso Group.
Minister of Railways
In office
24 May 2004 – 23 May 2009
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Nitish Kumar
Succeeded by Mamata Banerjee
Constituency Saran
Chief Minister of Bihar
In office
4 April 1995 – 25 July 1997
Preceded by President's rule
Succeeded by Rabri Devi
In office
10 March 1990 – 28 March 1995
Preceded by Jagannath Mishra
Succeeded by President's rule
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Chhapra
In office
24 May 2004 – 22 May 2009
Preceded by Rajiv Pratap Rudy
Succeeded by Constituency delimitated
In office
2 December 1989 – 13 March 1991
Preceded by Rambahadur Singh
Succeeded by Lal Babu Rai
In office
23 March 1977 – 22 August 1979
Preceded by Ramshekhar Prasad Singh
Succeeded by Staya Deo Singh
Personal details
Born Lalu Prasad Yadav
(1948-06-11) 11 June 1948 (age 69)
Gopalganj, Bihar, India[1]
Political party Rashtriya Janata Dal
Spouse(s) Rabri Devi
Relations Tejashwi Yadav (Son)
Tej Pratap Yadav (Son)
Misa Bharti (Daughter)
Rajlaxmi Yadav (Daughter)
Tej Pratap Singh Yadav (Son-in-law)
Chiranjeev Rao (Son-in-law)
Children 7 Daughters 2 son
Parents Kundan Rai (father)
Marachhiya Devi (mother)
Alma mater LLB, Patna University

Lalu Yadav[2] (born 11 June 1948)[3] is an Indian politician from the state of Bihar. He was Chief Minister of Bihar from 1990 to 1997 and Minister of Railways from 2004 to 2009 with United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government. He is the President of the Rashtriya Janata Dal political party. He was а Member of Parliament of 15th Lok Sabha from the Saran constituency in Bihar, but disqualified as MP owing to conviction for his involvement in the 1996 fodder scam.[4][5] His younger son Tejashwi Yadav was the 4th Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar and at 26 years, is the youngest to hold Bihar deputy chief ministership. Yadav entered politics during his student days at Patna University. He was elected a member of the Lok Sabha in 1977 as a Janata Party candidate. At the age of 29 he was one of its youngest members of Parliament.[6] Yadav became Chief Minister of Bihar in 1990 but resigned in 1997 following escalating corruption charges relating to the Fodder Scam. From 1997 to 2005, with brief interruptions, his wife Rabri Devi was the Chief Minister. Her political opponents often accused her as having served as his "surrogate."[7] His tenure as Chief Minister of the state has been criticized for lawlessness and has been termed as the Jungle Raj.[8]

Many accusations have been made about him citing him as an encourager of criminality and 'Gunda Raj' in Bihar. He is known as a crowdpuller, shrewd [9][10] and colourful politician[11] but has been criticized for promoting and encouraging caste-based politics[10] and there are several corruption cases against him.[12] On 3 October 2013, he was sentenced to five years of rigorous imprisonment and 25 lakh (US$39,000) fine for his role in the Fodder Scam by CBI court.[11]

Early life[edit]

Yadav was born in Phulwaria, Bihar. His father's name is Kundan Rai and mother's name Marachhiya Devi.[2][13] He is the 2nd of his parent's six sons. He attended a local middle school before moving to Patna with his elder brother.[14] He studied Bachelor of Laws and a Master in Political Science from B. N. College, Patna University. After graduation, he got a job as clerk in Bihar Veterinary College, Patna where his elder brother also worked as a peon.[15] He turned down Patna University's Honorary Doctorate in 2004.[16]

Student politics and early career[edit]

Yadav entered in student politics as General Secretary of the Patna University Students' Union (PUSU) in 1970 and became its president in 1973.[14][15] In 1974, he joined Bihar Movement, a student movement led by Jai Prakash Narayan (JP) against rising prices, corruption and unemployment. PUSU formed Bihar Chhatra Sangharsh Samiti to spearhead the agitation with Lalu Prasad Yadav as its president.[17] During the movement Yadav came close to Janta party stalwarts and was nominated as Janata Party candidate in the 1977 Lok Sabha election from Chapra by the [18] then President of Bihar State Janata Party and veteran Bihar leader Satyendra Narayan Sinha, who campaigned for him. Janata Party formed the first non-Congress government in the history of the Republic of India and at the age of 29, Yadav became one of the youngest members of the Indian Parliament at that time.[14][19] Due to continuous in-fighting and ideological differences Janata Party government fell and parliament was dissolved leading to a re-election in 1980. He was inspired by the ideology and practices of Jai Prakash Narayan and one of the father of socialist movement in India, Raj Narain. He parted ways with Morarji Desai and joined Janata Party-S led by Lokbandhu Raj Narain who was Janata Party-S president and later became Chairman. Yadav lost the re-election in 1980. However he successfully contested Bihar state election in 1980 and became a member of Bihar Legislative Assembly. During the period, Yadav rose in hierarchy and was considered as one of the second-rung leaders. He was re-elected for Bihar assembly in 1985. After the death of ex-Chief Minister Karpuri Thakur, Yadav became the leader of opposition Bihar assembly in 1989. Same year, he was also elected for Lok Sabha under V. P. Singh government.

Lalu prasad addressing Yuva Janata Dal in Nayagaon, Sonpur in 1988

By 1990, Yadav who represented single largest castes of Yadav with 11.7% of the state population, established himself as leader of lower castes.[20] Muslims in Bihar on the other hand had traditionally served as a Congress (I) vote bank, but after the 1989 Bhagalpur violence, they shifted their loyalty to Yadav.[21] In a span of 10 years, Yadav became a formidable force in Bihar State politics, known for his popularity among the Muslim and Yadav voters.[22]

Chief Minister of Bihar[edit]

In 1990, Janta Dal came to power in Bihar. PM V. P. Singh wanted former Chief Minister Ram Sundar Das to lead the government.[15] and Chandra Shekhar backed Raghunath Jha. To break deadlock deputy PM Devi Lal nominated Yadav as CM candidate. Yadav was victorious in an internal poll of Janta Party MLS's and became the Chief Minister. On 23 September 1990, Yadav arrested L K Advani at Samastipur during later's Ram Rath Yatra to Ayodhya and presented himself as a secular leader.[23] The World Bank lauded his party for its work in the 1990s on the economic front.[24] In 1993, Yadav adopted a pro-English policy and pushed for the re-introduction of English as a language in school curriculum, contrary to the angrezi hatao (banish English) policy of then Uttar Pradesh CM Mulayam Singh Yadav, another Yadav and caste based politician. Policy of opposition to English was considered an anti-elite policy since both the Yadav leaders represented the same social constituents The Backward castes, Dalits and minority communities.[25] With the help of Yadav-Muslim votes, Lalu continued to be Bihar CM.[15] In the Fodder Scam, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) issued an arrest warrant for Yadav, and he had to resign from CM's post. Subsequently, he installed his wife Rabri Devi as Bihar CM.

Rashtriya Janata Dal[edit]

RJD Flag

Due to allegation related to Fodder Scam, a leadership revolt surfaced in Janata Dal. Yadav broke away from Janata Dal and formed a new political party Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) on 5 July 1997.[26] According to Limca Book of Records, in 2004 he was the longest serving president of an Indian political party.[27] Except for brief President rule and 8 days term of Nitish Kumar, RJD remained in power in Bihar till 2005. In November 2005 state elections RJD won 54 seats putting less than both Janata Dal United (JDU) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Nitish Kumar led coalition, consisting of JD(U) and BJP, came to power. In the 2010 elections, the RJD tally was reduced to just 22 seats whereas the ruling alliance claimed a record 206 out of the 243 Assembly seats.[28]


Yadav contested 1998 general election from Madhepura and became member of 12th Lok Sabha.[29] However, in 1999 general election, he lost to Sharad Yadav even though Sharad Yadav had sat on a hunger strike before the result claiming unfair election and asked for re-poll.[14] In 2000, he again became member of Bihar assembly.[30] RJD formed the government with Rabri Devi as the CM. In 2002, Yadav was elected in Rajya Sabha. He remained member of RS till 2004.

Railway Minister[edit]

In 2004, Yadav contested general election from Chapra and Madhepura against Rajiv Pratap Rudy and Sharad Yadav respectively and won from both the seats.[31] In total, RJD won 21 seats and it allied with Indian National Congress becoming 2nd largest member of UPA I after Congress. Yadav became the railway minister in the 2004 UPA Government. Later, he gave up the Madhepura seat.[32]

As railway minister, Yadav left passenger fares untouched and focused on other sources of revenue for the Railways. He banned plastic cups from being used to serve tea at railway stations and replaced those with kulhars (earthen cups), in order to generate more employment in rural areas.[33] Later, he also said that he had plans to introduce buttermilk[34] and khādī.[35] In June 2004, he announced that he would get on the railway himself to inspect its problems and went on to board the Patna railway station at midnight.[36] He introduced cushion seats in all unreserved compartments.

When he took over, the Indian Railways was a loss-making organization.[37] In the four years under his leadership, it showed a cumulative total profit of Rs.250 billion (US $5.2 billion). The turnaround of railways from a loss-making to a profit venture was actually more of a cosmetic exercise. According to CAG, it was the new practice of issuing a "statement of cash and investible surplus" that helped Lalu project a rosy picture.[38] In 2008, the profits shown were 25,000 crore (US$3.9 billion). Schools of management became interested in Yadav's leadership in managing the turnaround (with more or less the same IAS officers and the same workforce who worked under the previous ministers). The alleged turnaround was introduced as a case study by the prestigious Indian Institute of Management.[39] Yadav also received invitations from eight Ivy League schools for lectures, and addressed over a hundred students from Harvard, Wharton and others in Hindi.[40]

In 2009, Yadav's successor Mamata Banerjee and the opposition parties alleged that the so-called turnaround of the Railways during his tenure was merely a result of presenting financial statements differently.[41][42] In 2011, a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) endorsed this view. CAG found that the "surplus" shown on the financial statements during Yadav's tenure covered "cash and investible surplus", which were not included in the "net surplus" figures released by the Railways in the earlier years. The "cash surplus" included the money available for paying dividend, contribution to the Depreciation Reserve Fund used for renewal or replacement of existing assets, and other funds for investment. The "investible surplus" included the money allocated for capital expenditure. The report concluded that the performance of the Railways actually declined marginally during the last few years of Lalu's tenure.[43] Earlier in August 2008, CNN-IBN had also alleged that Yadav had misused his position as the Union Railway Minister to help his relatives acquire land.[44]


In 2009 general election RJD won 4 seats and provided outside support to Manmohan Singh government.[45] In May 2012, Lalu Prasad Yadav envisaged Hamid Ansari, currently the Vice-President, as a presidential candidate.[46] In May 2013, Lalu Yadav tried to rejuvenate the party and fuel the party workers in his Parivartan Rally.[47] After the conviction in Fodder Scam on 3 October 2013, Yadav lost his membership of Lok Sabha.

In 2014 general election, Lalu Yadav's RJD again won 4 seats. Lalu Yadav has been working on a merger of six parties to form a Janata Parivar.

2015 Onwards[edit]

In the Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Lalu Yadav's RJD become the largest party with a total of 81 seats. He along with his partner Nitish Kumar of JD(U) have the absolute majority to form a government in Bihar. This has been cited as a major comeback for the RJD and for Lalu Yadav on the political stage of Bihar after a gap of 10 years.

Corruption cases[edit]

Yadav has been charged in several corruption cases,[48]

Fodder Scam[edit]

In 1996, Yadav was accused in the "Fodder Scam" in which about Rs.4.50 billion (US $111.85 million) were siphoned off from the animal husbandry department, albeit the probe itself was ordered by him.[49] Several reports of alleged embezzlement of money withdrawn from the animal husbandry department were tabled from 1990–95. In January 1996, a raid conducted on Chaibasa treasury indicated the siphoning off of funds by non-existent companies. Yadav then ordered an inquiry to probe the alleged irregularities. However, after a public interest litigation, the Bihar High Court in March 1996 ordered the case to be handed over to the CBI.[50] In June 1997, CBI filed the charge sheet in the case and made Yadav an accused. The fodder scam forced Yadav to resign from the office of Chief Minister and he appointed his wife, Rabri Devi, his successor as the state's Chief Minister.[26] In 2001, Supreme Court transferred the scam cases to newly formed Jharkhand and trial began in a special court in Ranchi in 2002. In August 2013, Yadav tried to get the trial court judge transferred, but his plea was rejected by Supreme Court of India. Yadav has been an accused in many of the 53-odd cases filed. He has been remanded to custody on multiple occasions because of the number of cases. Over 64 people were convicted in the case.[51][52] Yadav was first sent to "Judicial remand" (Bihar Military Police guest house, Patna) on 30 July 1997, for 134 days.[53][54] On 28 October 1998, he was again sent to the same guest house for 73 days. When the Supreme Court of India took exception to his guest house stay, he had also moved to the Beur jail in Patna. On 26 November 2001, Yadav was again remanded, in a case related to the fodder scam.[55] Yadav accused the NDA of creating a conspiracy against him. On 1 October 2004, the Supreme Court of India served a notice to Yadav and his wife, Rabri Devi, on the fodder scam. This was in response to a petition which alleged that they have been interfering with the investigation.


Lalu Prasad Yadav, along with 44 other accused, was convicted on 30 September 2013, by Central Bureau of Investigation court at Ranchi, after being found guilty in fraudulent withdrawal of Rs.37 crores from Chaibasa treasury.[56] Several other politicians, IAS officers were also convicted in the case.[56] Immediately after the verdict was pronounced, Laloo Prasad Yadav was arrested and taken to Birsa Munda Central Jail, located at Ranchi.[56] Consequent upon his conviction, Mr. Yadav stands disqualified as MP and he will not be eligible to contest public election for next six years.[57] He has been given a jail sentence of five years and a fine of 25 lakh rupees.[4]


He was released on bail from Birsa Munda Central Jail, after he completed the bail formalities in a Special CBI court, two-and-a-half months after he was convicted in a fodder scam case.[58]

Disproportionate assets[edit]

In 1998, a disproportionate assets case was registered against Yadav and Rabri Devi.[59] In April 2000, both were made co-accused in the charge-sheet and surrendered. While Rabri Devi got bail due to being CM of Bihar, Yadav was remanded for 11 days and sent to the Beur Jail.[53] Due to the proceedings in the fodder scam, Yadav was remanded for a day in Beur jail on 28 November 2000. CBI failed to prove them guilty and they were acquitted by a CBI court in 2006. Bihar government wanted to appeal against the acquittal, but Supreme court in 2010 ruled that state government can not challenge such rulings.[60]

Criticisms and controversies[edit]

Accusations against the BJP[edit]

On 5 August 2004, Yadav claimed that L. K. Advani, a senior BJP leader and the Leader of the Opposition was an accused in a conspiracy to kill Muhammad Ali Jinnah and described him as an 'international absconder'.[61]

On 28 September 2004, Yadav alleged Venkaiah Naidu, the then Union Rural Minister, of having sold 55,000 tonnes of wheat in the group of drought relief distribution in Andhra Pradesh. "A CBI probe will be initiated to find the truth," he said.[62]

Use of Osama bin Laden's look-alike[edit]

While campaigning for Bihar elections in 2005, both Lalu Prasad Yadav and Ram Vilas Paswan used a Muslim cleric in the traditional Islamic dress to woo Muslim voters. The cleric would accompany them in their helicopter to various election meetings, share the stage with them and make speeches that attacked the United States for its alleged anti-Muslim activities.[63][64] Pramod Mahajan, senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, had criticized both leaders for this by comparing the cleric with Osama bin Laden and blaming that they were "glorifying the name of a man who is recognized as the most wanted terrorist in the world."[64]

Negative image[edit]

Lalu Prasad Yadav is one of the first noted politicians to lose parliamentary seat on being arrested in fodder scam as per Supreme Court decision banning convicted legislators to hold their posts.[11] Despite several ongoing corruption cases against him, he and his wife Rabdi Devi ruled Bihar state for 15 years, a period during which every economic and social rankings of the state went to lowest level when compared to other states of India.[65] During his tenure as Chief Minister, Bihar's law and order was at lowest, kidnapping was on rise and private armies mushroomed.[65]

Tax evasion allegations against family members[edit]

The I-T department has issued fresh summons for June 12 to MP Misa Bharti, over benami[66] land deals worth Rs. 10 billion[67] and on tax evasion charges. She was supposed to appear on June 6, 2017, but didn't turn up. Her husband Shailesh Kumar is supposed to appear on 7 June 2017.

Positions held[edit]

  • 1977: Elected to the 6th Lok Sabha at the age of 29.
  • 1980–1989: Member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly (two terms).
  • 1989: Becomes the leader of Opposition, Bihar Legislative Assembly, Chairman, Pustakalaya Committee, Convenor, Committee on Public Undertakings. Re-elected to the 9th Lok Sabha (2nd term).
  • 1990–1995: Member of the Bihar Legislative Council.
Yadav together with Ram Vilas Paswan and Amar Singh at a party rally in Mumbai during the 2009 general elections.
  • 1990–1997: Chief Minister of Bihar
  • 1995–1998: Member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly.
  • 1996: Lalu's name springs up in a major scam.
  • 1997: parts with the Janata Dal and forms the Rashtriya Janata Dal.
  • 1998: Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (3rd term).
  • 1998–1999: Member, General Purposes Committee, Committee on Home Affairs and its Sub Committee on Swatantrata Sainik Samman Pension Scheme, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • 2004: Re-elected to the 14th Lok Sabha (4th term). Appointed Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Railways. In 2004, he was elected to the Lok Sabha with his party emerging as a key member of the UPA (United Progressive Alliance).
  • 2009: Re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha (5th term).

Personal life[edit]

Yadav married Rabri Devi on 1 June 1973, in a traditional match arranged by their parents. [6][68] Yadav has fathered nine children, two sons and seven daughters: [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77]

  1. Tej Pratap Yadav, elder son, currently Health minister in the Bihar state government[78]
  2. Tejashwi Yadav, younger son, ex-cricketer, ex deputy chief minister of Bihar
  3. Misa Bharti Devi, eldest daughter, married in 1999 to Shailesh Kumar, a software engineer
  4. Rohini Acharya, second daughter, married in May 2002 to Rao Samaresh Singh, a US-based commerce graduate from SRC Delhi, son of Rao Ranvijay Singh of Arwal-Daudnagar
  5. Chanda Singh, third daughter, married to Vikram Singh, and pilot with Indian Airlines, in 2006
  6. Ragini Yadav, fourth daughter, married to Rahul Yadav, son of Jitendra Yadav, SP MLA from Ghaziabad, now a Congress party member
  7. Hema Yadav, fifth daughter, married to Vineet Yadav, scion of a political family
  8. Dhannu (aka Anushka Rao), sixth daughter, married to Chiranjeev Rao, son of Rao Ajay Singh Yadav of the INC, sometime power minister in the Haryana government
  9. Rajlaxmi Singh, youngest daughter, married to Tej Pratap Singh Yadav, MP from Mainpuri and grand-nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav


Sankarshan Thakur is author of a book based on his life titled The Making of Laloo Yadav, The Unmaking of Bihar; the book was later updated and reprinted by PicadorIndia under the title "Subaltern Sahib: Bihar and the Making of Laloo Yadav".[79][80]

In popular culture[edit]

Yadav has a sizable fan following in Bollywood. Actor-turned-politician Shatrughan Sinha, who is a political opponent of Yadav, once said, "Had Yadav not been a politician he could have been an actor".[81] Director Mahesh Bhatt has also gone to the extent of saying that he deserves to become Prime Minister of India. He is also mimicked by various comedians like Shekhar Suman and Johnny Lever. A Bollywood film titled Padmashree Laloo Prasad Yadav was released in 2004. Though his name appeared in the title, the movie was not about him, but had characters named Padmashreee, Laloo, Prasad and Yadav, however the politician made a guest appearance in it. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has produced a four-hour-long documentary India Rising in 2007 featuring Indians from various fields and Yadav, the only politician in the documentary, discusses the turnaround of Indian Railways.[81]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Profile: Lalu Prasad Yadav". Times of India. 
  2. ^ a b "Scanned Copy of 2009 Lok Sabha election affidavit". Association of Democratic Reforms. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  3. ^ While the Indian media was unsure as to the spelling of Yadav's name, in June 2004, he issued a clarification to the media to endure that his name was spelt as Lalu and not Laloo."It's Lalu not Laloo and it's official (24 June 2004)". Retrieved 8 May 2006. 
  4. ^ a b "Fodder scam: Lalu Prasad gets 5 years in jail, stands disqualified". Hindustan Times. 3 October 2013. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "RJD Supremo Lalu Yadav disqualified from Lok Sabha". Biharprabha News. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Lalu Prasad Yadav". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Rabri's kitchen instinct". India Today. Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  8. ^ "Bihar: after the "Jungle Raj"". Reuters. 14 April 2009. 
  9. ^ Amita Malik. "Laloo in Wonderland". The Tribune. Retrieved 18 May 2006. 
  10. ^ a b Amberish K Diwanji. "Laloo in a rascal, but I will vote for him". Retrieved 25 February 2007. 
  11. ^ a b c bbc (3 October 2013). "India corruption: Laloo Prasad Yadav jailed for five years". BBC News India. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Laloo Prasad taken into custody, BBC News, 5 April 2000". BBC News. 5 April 2000. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Laloo's Very Own Amethi". Outlook India. 8 May 1996. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d "The Promise And Betrayal Of Lalu Prasad Yadav". 3 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d "Lalu, the milkman's son who rose from clerk to CM". Times of India. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "Laloo says 'no' to PU doctorate". The Times Of India. 11 January 2004. 
  17. ^ Dhar, P. N. (2000). Excerpted from 'Indira Gandhi, the "emergency", and Indian democracy' published in Business Standard. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-564899-7. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  18. ^ "Biography of Lalu Prasad Yadav General Knowledge Biography of Lalu Prasad Yadav". 
  19. ^ Singh, Kuldip (11 April 1995). "OBITUARY: Morarji Desai". The Independent. Retrieved 27 June 2009. 
  20. ^ "Lalu Prasad Yadav: The man whose luck finally ran out". FirstPost. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  21. ^ India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 1995. p. 156. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  22. ^ Girish Kuber (26 January 2005). "Vox Populi: Laloo 'castes' his spell on Bihar". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "1990-L.K. Advani's rath yatra: Chariot of fire". India Today. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2013. 
  24. ^ "World Bank Report: Bihar – Towards a Development Strategy". World Bank. Retrieved 23 May 2006. 
  25. ^ Selma K., Sonntag (2003). The Local Politics of Global English: Case Studies in Linguistic Globalization. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. pp. 66–67. ISBN 978-0739105986. 
  26. ^ a b "Profile: Laloo Prasad Yadav". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2006. 
  27. ^ "Laloo enters Limca Book of Records". The Tribune. Retrieved 24 August 2006. 
  28. ^ "Bihar Polls 2010: Nitish clean sweeps opposition". oneindia news. 24 November 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  29. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTIONS, 1998 TO THE 12th LOK SABHA" (PDF). Indian Election Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  30. ^ "Statistical Report, Bihar state election 2000" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  31. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT. ON. GENERAL ELECTIONS, 2004" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  32. ^ "Laloo gives up Madhepura seat". The Hindu. 10 June 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  33. ^ "Lalu's 'kulhad', a flop in Bihar". The Times of India. 1 May 2005. Retrieved 23 May 2006. 
  34. ^ "Lalu spares passengers; freight untouched". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 7 July 2004. Retrieved 18 May 2006. 
  35. ^ "Lalu refuses to be CEO, Railways India". The Times of India. 5 May 2006. Retrieved 18 May 2006. 
  36. ^ "Laloo's night out at Patna station". Deccan Herald. 15 June 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  37. ^ Vaish, Nandini (12 March 2007). "The Money Train – Lalu Prasad Yadav brings profits for Indian Railways". India Today. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  38. ^ "'Lalu's railways turnaround tale was a cosmetic exercise’ – Times of India". 
  39. ^ "Profile: Laloo Prasad Yadav". 30 September 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  40. ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Main News". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  41. ^ "Lalu a juggler, Nitish echoes Mamata". The Economic Times. 11 July 2009. Retrieved 11 July 2009. 
  42. ^ "Laloo's Railway Turnaround a Fudged Story". 
  43. ^ "Railway Turnaround a Cosmetic Exercise". The Times Of India. 6 August 2011. 
  44. ^ "Investigation unearths Lalu's land-for-job scam". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  45. ^ "Lalu: I will work for party’s revival". The Hindu. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  46. ^ Tewary Amarnath.Lalu pitches for Hamid Ansari as next Prez
  47. ^ ANI (15 May 2013). "At Parivartan Rally, Lalu slams Nitish, calls him dictator – Times Of India". Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  48. ^ Laloo Prasad taken into custody, BBC News, 5 April 2000
  49. ^ "More charges framed against Lalu Yadav". The Tribune. Retrieved 8 May 2006. 
  50. ^ "NDA Ministers Want Rabri Out", India Today Magazine, 21 May 2001, retrieved 7 October 2013 
  51. ^ "Lalu accused in six fodder scam cases". Outlook. 25 April 2005. Retrieved 29 May 2006. 
  52. ^ "The ride to Ranchi". Frontline. December 2001. Retrieved 29 May 2006. 
  53. ^ a b "The ride to Ranchi". Frontline. December 2001. Retrieved 29 May 2006. 
  54. ^ "Jharkhand govt converts guest house into jail for Laloo" Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  55. ^ Ahmed Soroor Laloo Prasad Yadav surrenders before CBI special court, 26 November 2001
  56. ^ a b c "Lalu, 44 others convicted in fodder scam case". The Hindu. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  57. ^ "Lalu Prasad convicted in fodder scam case, faces disqualification as MP". 30 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  58. ^ "Lalu Prasad Yadav released from jail – Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 16 December 2013. 
  59. ^ "Timeline of Lalu Prasad’s conviction". Times of India. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  60. ^ "Lalu wins Disproportionate Assets case in Supreme Court". NDTV. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  61. ^ "Come clean, Laloo tells Advani". The Economic Times. 15 September 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  62. ^ "Laloo seeks CBI probe against NDA". 28 September 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  63. ^ Mishra, Bisheshwar (19 January 2005). "Paswan employs Osama clone". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  64. ^ a b Mishra, Deepak (3 May 2011). "The other Osama who had a brief brush with fame". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Calcutta, India. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  65. ^ a b Phadnis, Aditi (30 September 2013). "Lalu Prasad Yadav: From symbol of hope to ridicule". Business Standard. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  66. ^ "Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988". Wikipedia. 2017-05-06. 
  67. ^ "Benami assets case: IT dept summons Lalu Yadav’s daughter Misa Bharti, her husband" (May 24, 2017). Indian Express. EXPRESS WEB DESK. 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  68. ^ "Rabri vividly recalls how she had boarded a steamer at Pahleja Ghat in Sonepur (Chapra) to reach the Patna residence soon after her marriage on March 18, 1974 when curfew had been imposed all over the district". 
  69. ^ Thakurta, Paranjoy Guha (8 May 2004). "The durability of Laloo Prasad Yadav". Business Line. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  70. ^ "PM Modi to attend Mulayam grandnephew's 'tilak' ceremony – Times of India". 
  71. ^ "Lalu's daughter to fight female feticide – The Times of India". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  72. ^ "At a glance: Lalu Prasad, Rabri Devi and family". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  73. ^ "Lalu's sixth daughter to wed Haryana politico : North, News – India Today". 10 April 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  74. ^ Abhay Kumar, 17 January 2012, PATNA: (17 January 2012). "Lalu fixes up alliances, for his daughters". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  75. ^ "Fodder scam: Lalu preparing for worst as verdict looms? : East, News – India Today". 9 May 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  76. ^ Faizan Ahmad, TNN 6 May, 2 012, 02.56AM IST (6 May 2012). "Fearing jail, Lalu Prasad the father in hurry – Times Of India". Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  77. ^ "RJD President Lalu finds suitable boys for all seven of his daughters". 
  78. ^ "Sons and daughters crowd Bihar poll space". 
  79. ^ "Book review: Sankarshan Thakurs The Making of Laloo Yadav". 
  80. ^ "The godmothers of Bihar". 23 October 2010. 
  81. ^ a b Sinha, Rajesh (14 November 2007). "Lalu stars in Canadian documentary India Reborn". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Nitish Kumar
Minister of Railways
25 May 2004 – 18 May 2009
Succeeded by
Mamata Banerjee
Preceded by
Jagannath Mishra
Chief Minister of Bihar
Succeeded by
Rabri Devi