Lamar High School (Houston, Texas)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lamar High School (Houston))
Jump to: navigation, search
Lamar High School
LamarEmblem.jpg
French: Va t'en aux étoiles
Reach for the Stars
Address
3325 Westheimer Road
Houston, Texas, 77098
United States
Information
Type Public
Established 1936
School district Houston ISD
Principal Dr. James McSwain
Grades 912
Enrollment 3,269 (2014-15)[1]
Campus Urban
Color(s) Red, Blue , White
Athletics conference UIL
Mascot Texans[2]
Newspaper Lamar Life
Yearbook Orenda
Website
Lamar High School

Mirabeau B. Lamar Senior High School is a secondary school located in Houston, Texas, United States. Lamar High School, which serves grades 9 through 12, is part of the Houston Independent School District.

Lamar, which is located in the Upper Kirby district,[3] serves the Houston neighborhoods of River Oaks and Montrose, the incorporated city of West University Place, a portion of the city of Southside Place, and other Houston subdivisions.

The school has a business magnet program offering business management courses, as well as cooperation with the Houston business community to provide internships and university scholarships.

The school handles grades nine through twelve. Lamar High School has neighborhood, Advanced Placement, and IB Diploma Programme (International Baccalaureate) programs. Lamar has one of two high school level IB Diploma programs in the Houston Independent School District and, therefore, is one of HISD's seven IB World Schools.[4] Lamar High School consistently has the greatest number of students who graduate with the IB Diploma in Texas.[5] Lamar offers many International Baccalaureate Diploma classes, including five foreign languages: Chinese, French, Italian, Spanish, and Russian. In 1999 Lamar's IB program was the 14th largest such program in the country.[6]

The school's mascot for its sports teams is the Lamar Texans.

History[edit]

In the 19th century Michael Louis Westheimer, a German immigrant who arrived in Houston in 1859, bought a 640-acre (2.6 km2) farm at an auction for $2.50 per acre. On his property Westheimer established a school for local children, including some of his relatives from Germany. The path to the school became "Westheimer's Road," now called Westheimer Road.[7][8][9]

The entrance to the Lamar High School auditorium is decorated with a map of the state of Texas.

The Houston Independent School District built and established Lamar on the former site of Westheimer's farm.[8] Earlier the Southampton Civic Club attempted to persuade Houston ISD to build Lamar at a lot along Kirby and West Alabama; the attempt failed and Lamar was built across from River Oaks.[10] HISD board member Ray K. Daily, then the sole female on the board, attended and participated in the March 13, 1936 groundbreaking. The initial name for the school was "Southwest High School."[11]

Lamar opened in 1937 along Westheimer Road which was not paved.[12] The opening relieved pressure on San Jacinto High School in what is now Midtown.[13] When the school opened it had 1,310 students, mostly from Bellaire, West University Place, Montrose, Southampton, and Southgate. In 1938 10% of the students resided in River Oaks.[14]

William Broyles of the Texas Monthly wrote that in its pre-desegregation history Lamar was the public equivalent of an exclusive prep school" and Houston's "society school".[15] In that period Lamar was the designation of children of Houston's most prominent families who attended public high schools.[16] Many students in the 1950s had referred to River Oaks Boulevard as the only street with a country club at both ends. One was the River Oaks Country Club, and the "other" was Lamar High School.[17][18] Gregory Curtis of the Texas Monthly wrote that "Lamar has always had a reputation as a school of snobs" within Houston's public school system.[16]

Lamar grew rapidly to the point where Robert E. Lee High School was built in 1962 to relieve Lamar.[19] Lee's first principal, Woodrow Watts, was previously the principal of Lamar.[20] Harold Costlow became Lamar's principal in 1962.[21] After its opening, Lee became Lamar's primary athletic rival.[20]

Lamar integrated in the 1970s. Broyles wrote that Lamar integrated quietly and "not so much as an experiment in integration but simply as a school, a place where adolescents learn many things, some of them in the classroom."[15] Due to integration many of the wealthier families instead sent their children to private schools.[16]

Lamar became an IB school in 1982.[22] In 1987 the school had held its 50th anniversary. It had sent invitations to Tommy Tune, Robert Foxworth, Jaclyn Smith, Tommy Sands, Carlin Glynn, Paula Prentiss, and Candy Tovar. The plan for the outdoor festivities called for Mayor of Houston Kathy Whitmire, former Governor of Texas Mark White, former Mayor of Houston Fred Hofheinz, Superintendent of HISD Joan Raymond, and others were scheduled to give special presentations.[23]

The Business Administration Magnet Program was established in 1989.[24]

In September 1991 Lamar was one of 32 HISD schools that had capped enrollments: The school was at capacity and excess students had to attend other schools.[25] The graduating class of 2009 had the largest number of seniors Lamar ever had, with 886 students. The next class dropped to a little over 600 students.[citation needed]

Fran Callahan, a resident of the Old Braeswood neighborhood of Houston, founded the Lamar Alumni Association around 1998 and became its executive director. She decided to create an alumni association after she inquired about making a large-scale fundraising campaign and learned that Lamar, which had many famous individuals as alumni, had no alumni association.[17]

In 2003 the class of 1953, which included business owners, a film producer, a Nobel prize winner, a nominee for U.S. Secretary of State and a former assistant of the U.S. Secretary of Defense, lawyers, engineers, and an architect, held its 50th reunion. A tour of the Lamar campus and a formal buffet and dance at the Houston Country Club was scheduled for Saturday November 8, 2003. A brunch was scheduled at the University Club in the morning of Sunday November 9, 2003.[18] In 2004, Tune performed at Lamar.[24] Foxworth and Jaclyn Smith attended the performance.[26]

In 2006 Callahan started a $3 million capital campaign to raise money for the school.[17]

In 2007 22% of high-school-age children zoned to Lamar chose to attend a different Houston ISD school.[27] In 2009 the increasing number of students taking university preparatory classes applied to public universities due to the late-2000s recession.[28] In 2010 Lamar, which has a capacity of 2,525, was 740 students over capacity; Lamar is popular with students who do not want to attend their home schools.[29]

In 2010 Magnet Schools of America, a nonprofit, released a report recommending that Lamar's magnet program be abolished, due to overcrowding.[30]

In 2014 Terry Grier stated that Lamar should reduce its enrollment to around 3,000 students.[31]

Anne Sloan, a former Lamar English teacher and a resident of the Houston Heights, wrote the book The History of Mirabeau B. Lamar High School. The Lamar Alumni Association had commissioned this book.[32]

Campus[edit]

Courtyard of Lamar High School. Lamar students wearing school uniforms are visible in this picture.
Entrance to the Lamar JROTC Building

The campus is located on the southern end of River Oaks Boulevard.[33]

The Lamar High School campus consists of four buildings, a baseball field, a football field, and tennis courts.

The North Building is a four-story building (including the basement level) which was the original building built in 1936. Its consists of many classrooms, the main office, attendance office, magnet office, International Baccalaureate office, special education office, auditorium, band room, cooking room, and the choir room. It was built in a distinctive Art Deco style.[citation needed] The building was made of Texas limestone and the windows are the steel ribbon style. It consists of a single central block with the Ned S. Holmes Auditorium at the western end. The entrance to the theater is decorated by a relief map of Texas that indicates the state's mountain ranges and escarpment John F. Staub and Kenneth Franzheim designed it, while Lamar Q. Cato, Louis A. Glover, and Harry D. Payne assisted.[33] An Italian American,[34] Eraclito "Nino" Lenarduzzi,[33][34] designed the map on the auditorium. Anna Mod, author of Building Modern Houston, wrote that the theater entrance uses "a more monumenta and severe Moderne style".[33]

The West Building is a two-story building that was built in 1987. It consists of science laboratories and computer laboratories. Practice and performance gymnasiums are found in this building.

The two-story East Building was built at the same time as the West Building. It consists of senior classrooms, the cafeteria, art rooms, the news broadcast lab, the library, the theatre, book room, and JROTC rivalry rooms.

The fourth building is the natatorium. The natatorium was built in 1991 to replace the pool in the basement of the north building. Bailey Architects built the last three buildings. Unlike the East and West buildings, which are connected to each other and the north building through a series of second-story crosswalks, the natatorium is completely separate.

The school has a large map of Texas on the wall of the performance hall. In 2012 Richard Connelly of the Houston Press ranked Lamar as the seventh most architecturally beautiful high school campus in Greater Houston, saying that it is "[d]efinitely one of the most distinctive schools in town."[35]

In 2012 Greg Groogan of KRIV said "there's nothing 'Cadillac' about the school", citing the air conditioners that often fail, small classrooms in the school's original section that were designed to house 15 students but routinely host classes of around 40 students, and a lack of shower facilities. The PE facilities have 15 shower heads to serve the entire male student body, numbering at 1,600.[36]

Architectural style[edit]

John F. Staub and Kenneth Franzheim, two architects, designed Lamar's original buildings with Louis A. Glover, Lamar Q. Cato, and Harry D. Payne. The design uses a "Z-plan" which has the auditorium and shop wings on opposite ends of the academic block. Jay C. Henry, the author of Architecture in Texas: 1895-1945, write that the construction had "a more avant-garde expression."[37]

Research center[edit]

In 2010 the school announced that it would replace its traditional school library with a coffee bar and electronic research center.[38] The coffee bar is operated by LHS's culinary program.[39]

2006 addition[edit]

November 29, 2006, at 11:00am, groundbreaking for construction of a new $150,000 athletic storage building was held at the rear of the school complex and was attended by the donating Lamar Alumni Board, the Alumni Executive Director, contributors, HISD officials, Principal James McSwain, staff, and many students and parents. This is the first new building on the Lamar campus in 20 years. The building opened in July 2007 and contains storage for athletic equipment and air-conditioned toilet facilities.[40]

As a filming location[edit]

The school is seen in the movie Rushmore.[41] In Rushmore the campus is used as the setting for Grover Cleveland High School.[42] Richard Connelly of the Houston Press said that the Lamar building "was ghetto'd up to look like a dilapidated inner-city school."[35]

The school was featured in the Chuck Norris film: Sidekicks.[43]

2000s Capital Campaign[edit]

A simulated image of Lamar's front lawn after the Capital Campaign is completed
Lamar's 50th anniversary time capsule

The Lamar Alumni Association started a campaign to improve the facilities at Lamar.[44] The campaign is called "Reach For The Stars." The alumni asked Lamar parents to donate money for this campaign. The goal is to raise $3 million. As of March 2007, $1.8 million had been raised.

The historic auditorium is the main focus of the project. It is where Tommy Tune, Jaclyn Smith, Paula Prentiss, and Robert Foxworth got their start in stardom. The auditorium currently consists of the 1936-style wooden seats and has dated sound, lighting systems, and stage.

The campaign includes improvements to and additions of the horticulture Center, theater, campus fence, library, south courtyard, electronic message boards along Westheimer and West Alabama roads, Grand plaza, main office, college corner, JROTC center, orchestra room, choir room, Broadcast Journalism Studio/Production Room, dance studio, FFA classroom, furniture shop, parents' office, the principal's office, art classrooms, registrar office, piano lab, teacher's lounge, Business Magnet Office, nurse's station, counselor's office, science and computer labs, and endowment.

50th anniversary time capsule[edit]

On October 17, 1987, Lamar High School and its students celebrated its 50th anniversary by creating a time capsule to teach the students in the future how high school life was like in the 1980s. The time capsule was buried in front of Lamar's main entrance where it lies today. The plaque that marks where the time capsule lies is made from marble donated by the community of River Oaks and fund raising events held at Lamar at the time.

The plaque of Lamar's time capsule reads...

Lamar High School

Fiftieth Anniversary Time Capsule

HEREIN LIES MEMENTOS SELECTED BY STUDENTS AND GRADUATES OF LAMAR HIGH SCHOOL IN COMMEMORATION OF THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY, SEALED ON OCTOBER 17TH, 1987. THE CAPSULE IS TO BE OPENED ON THE ONE HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY, THE YEAR 2037

Demographics[edit]

For the 2014-15 school year:

  • African American: 31.1%
  • Hispanic: 36.8%
  • White: 26.1%
  • American Indian: 0.2%
  • Asian: 4.1%
  • Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Two or More Races: 1.5%
  • Economically Disadvantaged: 47.7%

Historical demographics[edit]

In 1967 the school had 2,040 students. Until 1970 HISD categorized Hispanic students as being White, so Jay P. Childers, author of The Evolving Citizen: American Youth and the Changing Norms of Democratic Engagement, wrote that in terms of ethnic ratios, "Exact numbers for the late 1960s are impossible to calculate" for that reason.[45] As evidence that White students were the vast majority at that time, he used images from the school newspaper, The Lancer.[45]

Childers wrote that ethnic change "seemed" to have quickly occurred after desegregation, citing the fact that in Spring 1974 African Americans made up six of twelve of the class officers and that in 1972 the cover of one issue of the Lancer showed a black male.[45] Curtis wrote that the racial integration did not cause "unfortunate incidents" at the school.[46] In 1975 there were 1,900 students. Due to the outflow of the very wealthy the school was increasingly made up of middle class students, and some students were of lower income backgrounds: 100 of them rented their own apartments.[16]

As of 1975 about 33% of Lamar's students were black.[16] Many black parents sent their children to Lamar because they wanted them to receive an education superior to that offered at historically black schools. By 1975 black students became members of clubs and the cheerleader corps of Lamar, and the student council president and "Lady of Lamar" were black. Curtis wrote that black students who did not wish to associate with whites often do not participate in the social environment while whites who did not wish to associate with blacks were still able to participate in that environment.[46] Some black students emphasized with friends attending other schools who criticized them for going to Lamar that they only attended the school.[46] Curtis wrote that some Lamar white students felt that "going to school with blacks [was] a duty they must perform, a quirk of history they must indulge."[46]

In 2006 Lisa Viator from the Houston Chronicle stated that between the 1950s and 2006 the school had transitioned from "an exclusive suburban institution" to a multiethnic urban high school.[17] As of 2010 the Lamar campus was built to accommodate 2,525 students but houses an additional 740 students as of the 2010–2011 school year. It is one of the most popular high schools for transferring in HISD.[47]

Academics and student performance[edit]

In 2008 William G. Ouchi, author of Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need, stated that Lamar was one of the two "elite" high schools in Houston along with Bellaire High School.[48] In 1979,[49] Al Reinert of Texas Monthly stated that Lamar was historically one of the two elite public high schools in all of Texas, along with Highland Park High School near Dallas.[50] Laura Nathan-Garner, author of the second edition of the Insiders' Guide to Houston (2012), wrote that Lamar was "considered one of the area's best public high schools."[51]

In January 2015 the school began issuing laptop computers to all students. Several classes now use the "flipped classroom" model where the teacher uploads lectures that may be viewed over the internet at any time, while hands-on work is done in the classroom.[52]

In the pre-desegregation period just about all Lamar students matriculated to colleges and universities. After desegregation in the 1970s and the resulting social class changes, the percentage of students moving on to colleges and universities was down to about 66% by 1975. At that time there were declines in the National Merit Qualifying Exam and SAT test scores.[16]

In 2007, Lamar was ranked as in Jay Mathews Newsweek's lists of the top high schools in the United States.[53] Many students in other parts of Houston ISD transfer to Lamar to escape home schools that do not have a good academic performance, causing the attendance figures of those schools to suffer.[54]

In 2007 Todd Spivak of the Houston Press reported about the magazine's feature "These Kids Go to the Best Public High School in Houston." Spivak said that Lamar High School, which he described as "well-regarded," received a lower rating due a 66% graduation rate. Dr. Robert Sanborn, president and CEO of the Children at Risk organization, said that there was an achievement gap at Lamar between the top-performing students and the lowest-performing students.[55]

Transportation[edit]

Houston ISD provides school buses for students who live more than two miles (3 km) from the school or who have major obstacles between their houses and the school. Students are eligible if they are zoned to Lamar or are in the Lamar magnet program.

A METRO bus stop (Westheimer Road @ River Oaks Boulevard) is at the school's entrance. Bus lines 81 & 82 (Westheimer)[56] stops at Westheimer @ River Oaks.

Seal and motto[edit]

The school seal includes the coat of arms of the family of Mirabeau B. Lamar. The school motto "Va t'en aux étoiles", featured on the seal, was the Lamar family's motto.[57]

Uniforms[edit]

Before fall 2006, Lamar maintained a dress code allowing for students to wear most types of clothing.[58] Starting in the 2006–2007 school year, the school requires school uniforms.[59] Uniforms consist of monogrammed navy or white Lamar polo shirts and khaki bottoms. All shoe types are permitted, including flip-flops; female students are allowed to wear plaid skirts. The Texas Education Agency specifies that the parents and/or guardians of students zoned to a school with uniforms may apply for a waiver to opt out of the uniform policy so their children do not have to wear the uniform; parents must specify "bona fide" reasons, such as religious reasons or philosophical objections.[60] Alice Davidson, a Lamar student who wrote the "Screaming in the Halls" column in the "Yo! Houston" section of the Houston Chronicle, said that the Lamar uniform is similar to that of the St. John's School.[61]

Of the more than twenty HISD high schools that, as of 2007, had a standardized dress code or uniforms, Lamar was the only one that had a White plurality. The principal, James McSwain, cited safety concerns with a world after the Columbine High School massacre and the September 11, 2001 attacks as the reason for the school's adoption of uniforms. The newly created policy received opposition from some students and parents;[62] the policy was criticized in the May 16, 2006 Houston Chronicle by Davidson in her column.[61] The Houston Chronicle printed a feature about the Lamar uniform policy in the August 22, 2006 edition of the Yo! section;[63] the feature was written by Jessica Silverman, a student at Lamar as of 2006.[64]

In summer 2009, summer school students at Lamar were required to buy a uniform that differed from the regular Lamar uniform.[65]

Neighborhoods served[edit]

Within Lamar attendance boundary[edit]

Many parts of Houston west of Downtown that are inside the 610 Loop are zoned to Lamar.[66] River Oaks,[29][67] Afton Oaks, Upper Kirby,[3] Avalon Place, Avondale, Southgate, Morningside Place, Highland Village, Shadyside, West Lane Place, Lynn Park, Oak Estates, Royden Oaks, Old Braeswood, Boulevard Oaks, Southampton Place, most of Cottage Grove,[68] Sunset Terrace, Broadacres,[69] Ranch Estates, Rice Village, Rice Military, Crestwood/Glen Cove, Weslayan Plaza, Willowick Place,[70] the portions of Braeswood Place east of Stella Link and north of South Braeswood (including Braes Heights and Braes Oaks), most of Midtown, a small portion of Riverside Terrace, and the Neartown area (including Montrose, Cherryhurst, Westmoreland,[71] Hyde Park, Richwood, Lancaster Place, Castle Court, and North Montrose) are also zoned to Lamar.[72] Laura Nathan-Garner, author of the second edition of the Insiders' Guide to Houston (2012), wrote that "Many children in [River Oaks] attend [Lamar]".[51]

In addition, all pupils in the city of West University Place and the majority of pupils in the city of Southside Place (areas east of Stella Link Road) are zoned to Lamar.[73][74]

Rice Village Apartments and Morningside Square, two Rice University graduate housing complexes that admit families, are zoned to this school.[75] 7900 Cambridge and 1885 El Paseo, the student housing properties of the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, are also zoned to Lamar.[76]

In the 1970s most of the neighborhoods in Lamar's attendance zone were middle and upper middle class, with the exception of the very wealthy River Oaks. As of 1975 the boundaries were roughly Interstate 10 (Katy Freeway) to the North, the Brays Bayou to the South, Montrose Boulevard to the East, and the 610 Loop to the west.[16]

Within Lee High School attendance boundary with Lamar as an option[edit]

Students residing in the Lee attendance zone,[77] including the Uptown district and the neighborhoods of Briarmeadow, Briargrove,[78] Briarcroft, Gulfton, Larchmont, Tanglewilde, St. George Place (Lamar Terrace), Shenandoah,[79] Tanglewood, West Oaks, Woodlake Forest, Jeanetta, Sharpstown Country Club Estates, and small portions of Westchase east of Gessner, may go to Lamar, Lee High, or Westside High.[72] Small portions of the cities of Hunters Creek Village and Piney Point Village are zoned to Lee with options for Lamar and Westside.[80][81][82]

Athletics[edit]

Lamar High School's sports' mascot is the "Lamar Texans." Prior to this, the mascot was the "Redskins." This mascot was phased out and replaced with the "Texans," as "Redskins" is considered by some to be derogatory to the Native American population.[83][84] In April 2014 the HISD school board decided to rename remaining sports team names of Confederate and Native American mascots due to fears of appearing culturally insensitive. Each school submitted its main choices to the HISD administration. The majority of Lamar students voted for Texian, but the school adopted "Texan" because HISD board members believed "Texan" was better than "Texian" since the latter could be culturally insensitive.[85] During the Redskin era, the school had a statue called "Big Red," a depiction of a Native American.[86]

Lamar Texans' arch rivals are the Bellaire High Cardinals from Houston suburb Bellaire, Texas.[87][88] Their main competition are soccer and baseball.[citation needed] In previous eras the primary athletic rival was Lee High School.[20] American football games were the primary outlet of this rivalry, but it manifested itself in other ways; in 1975 Gregory Curtis of the Texas Monthly wrote that "the respective Key Clubs know year by year which club has sold more grapefruit in the Christmas drive and more tickets to the spring Pancake Breakfast."[89] According to Curtis, the rivalry "is as natural as it is intense" because the schools had students from the same social class and general geographic area.[90]

Athletic programs[edit]

Historically the cheerleading program at Lamar was very prominent. In the 1970s female and male students aspired to become cheerleaders. Curtis stated that being a cheerleader gave students the popularity needed to be elected in student government and club positions, such as the student body president, Key Club president, president of the Ramal club, and the president of the Pow Wow club.[91] A male student interviewed by Curtis stated that cheerleaders had more status than American football players.[91]

Lamar won the 1953 State Football Championship.[citation needed]

Lamar won the 1969 State Baseball championship.

Lamar has one of the oldest lacrosse programs in Texas.[citation needed] The men's lacrosse team won the state championships in 1989 and 1995, and were state runner-ups in 1999 and 2001. The women's lacrosse team won the state championship in 1999 and 2011. The 2011 Women's Varsity team had five players named to the US Lacrosse Academic American Team.

The Lamar Redskins American football program teams have reached the playoffs 30 times, which ties Baytown Lee for the highest-ranking team in Greater Houston area.[92] In 2012, the Redskins reached the Texas 5A Division 1 Football Championship and lost to the Allen High School (Allen, Texas) Eagles, 35-21.[93] Lamar's football program has regularly advanced to state eliminations rounds, meeting teams from more rural areas of Texas which engage in the oil production business.[50] As of 1979 the team has historically received large booster support and was made up of sons of oil businessmen. Al Reinert of Texas Monthly described the team as one of two "on-and-off football powers".[49]

Other sports at the school include:[94]

  • Baseball
  • Basketball
  • Cross-Country
  • Field Hockey
  • Golf
  • Ice Hockey
  • Soccer
  • Softball
  • Swimming/Diving
  • Tennis
  • Track & Field
  • Volleyball
  • Water Polo [95]
  • Wrestling

Organizations and clubs[edit]

Lamar FFA Show & Auction at LHS Front Lawn

Lamar High School has several organizations and clubs.
Special Interest[96] American Field Service, Amnesty International, Animal Welfare Society, Asian Cultural Society, Automotive Innovative Installation Design, Best Buddies, Bike Club, Biology Club, Breakfast Club, Chess Club, Christian Student Union, Culinary Arts, Computer Service Club, Drama Club, Debate Club, Entrepreneurs of America, Field Hockey, Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Film Club, French Club, Frolf (Frisbee Golf/ Disc Golf) Club, Future Farmers of America (FFA), Gay-Straight Alliance, German Club, Hispanic Club, Golf, Ice hockey, Industrial Technology Club, Italian Club, Japanese Club, La Vida Dulce, Loading Dock Productions, Lacrosse, PACE, Photography Club, Ping Pong Club Pokémon Club, Russian Club,RAMAL Scrabble Club, Skateboarding Club, Sub Log Indian Club, Technology Student Association, Ultimate, Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game Club, Young Ladies of Distinction, Young Democrats Young Libertarians, Young Republican Club of America, Wichocolate, Pow-Wowerade, Robotics ( FRC, VEX)

Performing Arts[97] Band – Marching & Concert, Concert Women, Choir, Choraliers, Concert Band, Dance / Dance Theatre, Drama Club/Thespians, Jazz Studio, Madrigals, Orchestra, Poets Alive, Arrowettes Drill Team.

Academics and Honors[98] Academic Decathlon, Arrowhead (4.0 + GPA), Debate, DECA (Marketing Club), French National Honor Society, German National Honor Society, Russian Club, IB Diploma Candidates, Latin Honor Society, Magnet School, Math Club (Mu Alpha Theta), National Honor Society, Odyssey of the Mind, Quill and Scroll, Quiz Bowl, Spanish National Honor Society.

Service and Spirit[99] Cheerleaders, Diamonds, Interact, Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, Key Club, Muslim Student Association, Arrowettes Drill Team, Senior Class, Wakonda (Freshmen Club), Warriors.

News[100] Lamar Life (Newspaper), Orenda (Yearbook).

Leadership[101] Lamar Student Council.

Technology Lamar Robotics Club

Lamar Life is a full-color quarterly news magazine. Childers described it as resembling "a strange blending of Newsweek and Teen Vogue."[45] The school newspaper was previously The Lancer. Childers wrote that the Lancer during the mid-1990s "took a decidedly downward turn" and in 2000 was ended. Lamar Life began in its place.[45]

Historical clubs[edit]

In the 1970s the school had various social clubs, some intended for boys and some intended for girls. The Lamar administration did not permit the establishment of fraternities and sororities. In 1975 Mirabeau, Niwauna, and Wachaka were the active girls' clubs while two others were inactive. The main boys' clubs were Pow Pow and Ramal.[21]

At the time the clubs had a membership capacity; those with more prospective members than slots held lotteries that randomly determined who is permitted to join. Many clubs at the time had a tradition of hazing new members. Several clubs engaged in charitable events and fundraisers, and they also sponsored parties. Curtis wrote that "But what they do is really secondary, just as what fraternities and sororities do is secondary. It is the belonging that counts."[21]

Curtis added that the clubs "have an aura of exclusivity; kids can tell whether or not they're really wanted there."[21] Due to the demographic changes in the 1970s, according to Curtis, interest in these social clubs decreased, with the two boys' clubs not having full membership rosters and two girls' clubs being inactive in 1975.[21]

Lamar Cable Television (LCT)[edit]

Lamar High School has its own news broadcast station called Lamar Cable Television.[102] In LCT, students are the reporters and provide information about events at school and in the outside world. The entire program is student-run. The class is supervised by Raymond Gayle who directed the movie Electric Purgatory. It is required to be viewed on a daily basis on the last 15 minutes of second or sixth period.

Orenda Yearbook and Lamar Life News magazine[edit]

The journalism department consists of an award winning yearbook that is in its 74th year of production. Both staffs are student run where students decide on story ideas and interview, design and complete all of the duties to run a small business. The yearbook is fully paid for by yearbook sales and community ads. The news magazine is printed in house and is a full color magazine. Both staffs are advised by Shelbi Blackmon.

Sister school[edit]

Dalian No. 24 High School in Dalian, People's Republic of China has been Lamar's sister school since 2000.[103][104] Dalian is one of Houston's sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International.[105]

Inage Senior High School in Chiba City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan is also one of Lamar's sister schools.[106] Chiba has been Houston's sister city through Sister Cities International since 1973.[105]

Feeder patterns[edit]

Schools that feed into Lamar[edit]

Elementary schools that feed into Lamar[66] include:

Middle schools that feed into Lamar include:

All pupils zoned to Pershing Middle School may apply to Pin Oak Middle School's regular program;[128] therefore Pin Oak also feeds into Lamar High School.

Schools that feed into Lee with Lamar and Westside as options[edit]

More schools feed into Lamar as all students zoned to Lee High School[77] may instead choose to go to Lamar High School or Westside High School.[80]

Elementary schools that feed into Lee (and therefore feed into Lamar) include:

  • Briargrove[129]
  • Benavidez[130]
  • Piney Point[131]
  • Rodriguez[132]
  • Braeburn (partial)[133]
  • Condit (partial)[134]
  • Cunningham (partial)[135]
  • Emerson (partial)[136]
  • St. George Place (partial)[118] (the rest directly feeds into Lamar)
  • Sutton (partial)[137]

Middle schools that feed into Lee (and therefore also feed into Lamar) include:

  • Grady[138]
  • Long (partial)[139]
  • Pershing (partial)[127]
  • Revere (partial)[140]
  • All pupils zoned to Long and Pershing Middle Schools may attend Pin Oak Middle School;[128] therefore Pin Oak also feeds into Lee High School and Lamar High School.

K-8 schools that feed into Lee (and therefore also feed into Lamar) include:

  • Pilgrim[141]
  • Residents of the Briargrove, Emerson, Pilgrim, and Piney Point elementary attendance zones may apply for the Briarmeadow Charter School, so the K-8 school feeds into Lee.[142]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.houstonisd.org/cms/lib2/TX01001591/Centricity/domain/21231/school_profiles/Lamar_HS.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.click2houston.com/news/four-hisd-schools-to-find-out-new-mascots/25488546
  3. ^ a b "Harris County Improvement District #3." Upper Kirby. Retrieved on December 10, 2008.
  4. ^ "Mirabeau B. Lamar Senior High School," International Baccalaureate Organization
  5. ^ "Extra effort in classroom pays off," Houston Chronicle, January 3, 2007
  6. ^ Grossman, Wendi. "IB or Not IB" (Archive). Houston Press. Thursday January 14, 1999. Retrieved on September 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historic Houston Streets: The Stories Behind the Name"
  8. ^ a b Robertson, Dale. "Westheimer was a place for learning" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Friday January 11, 2008. Sports 9. Retrieved on December 4, 2010. "Paying $1,600 - or $2.50 an acre, at an auction - he bought a 640-acre farm west of town where Lamar High School and St. John's School now sit. "
  9. ^ Westheimer, Mitchell Louis from the Handbook of Texas Online
  10. ^ Verniaud, Marshall. "A Brief History of the Southampton Civic Club" (Archive) Southampton Civic Club Inc. Accessed November 7, 2008. "A painful disappointment was the club's inability to persuade the school board to build a new highschool on a tract at Kirby and West Alabama instead of on Westheimer across from River Oaks. The board chose the Westheimer site for its Mirabeau B. Lamar High School."
  11. ^ Sloan, p. 8.
  12. ^ "School Histories: the Stories Behind the Names." Houston Independent School District. Accessed September 24, 2008.
  13. ^ Becker, Ann Dunphy and George Murray. Houston's River Oaks. Arcadia Publishing, April 29, 2013. p. 43. ISBN 1439642362, 9781439642368.
  14. ^ Sloan, p. 10.
  15. ^ a b Broyles, William. "Behind the Lines." Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 5.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 59.
  17. ^ a b c d Viator, Lisa. "Area resident leader sets $3 million goal for Lamar / Fran Callahan founded school's alumni association." Houston Chronicle. Thursday May 11, 2006. ThisWeek 2. Retrieved on October 22, 2012.
  18. ^ a b Martin, Betty L. "THE LUCKY ONES / Lamar class of '53 to come together." Houston Chronicle. Thursday November 6, 2003. ThisWeek 1. Retrieved on October 14, 2012.
  19. ^ Grossman, Wendy. "Tee Time." Houston Press. November 13, 2003. 1.
  20. ^ a b c Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 54.
  21. ^ a b c d e Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 60.
  22. ^ "HISD seeks special courses," Houston Chronicle, February 9, 2006
  23. ^ a b Mesinger, Maxine. "Lamar High marks 50th anniversary." Houston Chronicle. Friday August 7, 1987. Houston 1. Retrieved on October 13, 2012.
  24. ^ a b Archived home page. Lamar High School. February 7, 2004.
  25. ^ Markley, Melanie. "32 schools hit enrollment cap." Houston Chronicle. Thursday September 26, 1991. A17. Retrieved on April 24, 2009.
  26. ^ "TOMMY TUNE Takes Lamar High School By Storm." Lamar High School. April 12, 2004.
  27. ^ Radcliffe, Jennifer. "Critics: In HISD, too many don't go where zoned / Black leaders argue bond has no fix to get kids back to schools in their neighborhoods" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Sunday October 14, 2007. B1 MetFront.
  28. ^ Hastings, Karen. "SCHOOL REPORT CARD Lamar High elite face economic challenge More top honor students apply to public universities." Houston Chronicle. Thursday April 16, 2009. ThisWeek 1. Retrieved on May 1, 2009.
  29. ^ a b Mellon, Ericka. "Closing schools going to be tough." Houston Chronicle. December 20, 2010. Retrieved on December 21, 2010.
  30. ^ Mellon, Ericka. "Report: HISD should drop 55 magnet programs." Houston Chronicle. January 7, 2011. Retrieved on January 7, 2011.
  31. ^ Mellon, Ericka. "Grier: 3 popular HISD high schools must reduce enrollment." Houston Chronicle. October 16, 2014. Retrieved on October 17, 2014.
  32. ^ Matusow, Catherine. "The Latest Evidence that Life is Like High School" (interview) (Archive). Houstonia. November 30, 2013. Retrieved on January 28, 2015.
  33. ^ a b c d Mod, Anna. Building Modern Houston (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing, 2012. ISBN 0738585246, 9780738585246. p. 13.
  34. ^ a b Meeks, Flori. "Lamar High work won't hinder classes" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. August 21, 2012. Retrieved on February 27, 2015.
  35. ^ a b Connelly, Richard. "The 7 Best-Looking High Schools in Houston." Houston Press. Tuesday May 22, 2012. 1. Retrieved on May 27, 2012.
  36. ^ Groogan, Greg. "Should taxpayers rebuild Lamar HS?" KRIV. September 19, 2012. Updated October 7, 2012. Retrieved on October 18, 2012.
  37. ^ Henry p. 215. "By contrast, Lamar Senior High School in Houston (FIG 6.34)[...]bends a similar plan configuration to a more avant-garde expression."
  38. ^ Downing, Margaret. "Lamar High's Library Ousts Books, Re-Opens as Coffee Shop." Houston Press. Tuesday November 23, 2010. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.
  39. ^ Lescaleet, Cynthia. "It's not your parents’ high school library at Lamar High." River Oaks Examiner. Wednesday October 20, 2010. Updated on Sunday November 21, 2010. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.
  40. ^ "The LAMAR Sports Building," Lamar High School Alumni Central
  41. ^ http://www.rushmoreacademy.com/academy/films/rushmore/library/locations.html
  42. ^ Linehan, Hugh (August 28, 1999). "Latin Lessons for Today's America". Irish Times. p. 64. 
  43. ^ http://cinema.theiapolis.com/movie-0WT6/sidekicks/technical-details.html
  44. ^ [1]
  45. ^ a b c d e Childers, p. 49. ISBN 0271054115, 9780271054117.
  46. ^ a b c d Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 96.
  47. ^ Mellon, Ericka. "HISD faces politically tough choices in closing schools." Houston Chronicle. December 20, 2010. Retrieved on February 22, 2014.
  48. ^ a b Ouchi, William G. Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need. Simon & Schuster, June 24, 2008. ISBN 1439108102, 9781439108109. p. 150.
  49. ^ a b Reinert, Al. "Football Heroes." Texas Monthly. Emmis Communications, September 1979. Vol. 7, No. 9. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 132. "The two most elite public schools in the state—Highland Park in Dallas and Lamar in Houston—[...]"
  50. ^ a b Sherrod, Rick. Texas High School Football Dynasties (Sports History Series). The History Press, 2013. ISBN 1609496124, 9781609496128. p. 47.
  51. ^ a b Nathan-Garner, Laura. Insiders' Guide to Houston (2nd edition). Rowman & Littlefield, October 2, 2012. ISBN 0762790636, 9780762790630. p. 248.
  52. ^ "Lamar High flipping classrooms upside down" (Archive). KHOU-TV. April 27, 2015. Retrieved on June 3, 2015.
  53. ^ Mellon, Ericka. "Houston vs. Dallas." Houston Chronicle. May 21, 2007.
  54. ^ "Transfer policy hinders schools," Houston Chronicle, September 4, 2005
  55. ^ Spivak, Todd. "The Also-Rans." Houston Press. March 2, 2006. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  56. ^ "82 Westheimer," Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas
  57. ^ Sloan, p. 27.
  58. ^ "Dress Code." Lamar High School. Accessed on March 4, 2003.
  59. ^ "Lamar adopts uniform policy," West University Examiner
  60. ^ "DOCKET NO. 008-R5-901." Texas Education Agency. Accessed October 13, 2008.
  61. ^ a b Davidson, Alice. "Enthusiasm for stricter dress code not uniform."[dead link] Houston Chronicle. Tuesday May 16, 2006. Star 3 "Yo!" Retrieved on September 13, 2009. Available from the Houston Public Library newspaper database. Newsbank record number 4117628. "Instead of having the chance to express ourselves as individuals, we must choose from two polo shirts and khaki bottoms. It’s similar to that of the private school across the street." (the private school adjacent to Lamar is St. John's School)
  62. ^ Viren, Sarah. "BACK TO SCHOOL / Demographics may dictate uniformity / More HISD senior campuses requiring `standardized dress'" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Monday September 3, 2007. Section A, Page 1. Retrieved on October 25, 2011.
  63. ^ Staff. "YO! / Dress to impress."[dead link] Houston Chronicle. Tuesday August 22, 2006. Star 1. Retrieved on September 13, 2009. Available from the Houston Public Library's database for library cardholders.
  64. ^ Silverman, Jessica. "GETTING SCHOOLED! / FASHION PASSION / School uniforms are becoming all too common for some people. But at Lamar, students are dressing up the dress code so they can … / Step out in style."[dead link] Houston Chronicle. Tuesday August 22, 2006. Star 3 "Yo!" Retrieved on September 13, 2009. Available from the Houston Public Library's database for library cardholders.
  65. ^ Connelly, Richard. "Going To Summer School At Lamar? You're Buying A Brand-New Uniform." Houston Press. Wednesday June 3, 2009. Retrieved on September 13, 2009.
  66. ^ a b "Lamar High School Attendance Zone" (Archive) Houston Independent School District
  67. ^ "Map." River Oaks Property Owners Association. Retrieved on December 4, 2008.
  68. ^ "googlemap_cottagegrove.jpg." (Archive) Cottage Grove. Retrieved on October 21, 2012.
  69. ^ "Broadacres" (JPG, Archive, PDF, Archive – Harris County Block Book. Retrieved on November 20, 2012.
  70. ^ Martin, Betty L. "Gated development set to rise near River Oaks." November 25, 2008. Retrieved on November 26, 2008.
  71. ^ "Westmoreland Historic District." City of Houston. Retrieved on May 26, 2010.
  72. ^ a b "Block Book Map Search." Harris County Tax Office. Retrieved on February 27, 2009.
  73. ^ "City Map." City of West University Place. Retrieved on February 27, 2009.
  74. ^ "Southside Place City." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 27, 2009.
  75. ^ "Property Comparison." Rice University Graduate Housing. Retrieved on October 2, 2011. "Morningside Square Apartments Updated Oct 26, 2010 2401 & 2409 Shakespeare St Houston, TX 77030" and " Rice Village Apartments Updated Oct 26, 2010 2410 Shakespeare St Houston, TX 77030"
  76. ^ "School of Nursing 2009 – 2011 Catalog." University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. 49. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  77. ^ a b "Lee High School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  78. ^ "Briargrove Subdivision." Briargrove Property Owners, Inc. Accessed September 24, 2008.
  79. ^ "NeighborhoodWithSubdivisionsMarked.pdf (Composite map). Harris County Appraisal District. Accessed October 6, 2008.
  80. ^ a b Home Page as of May 9, 2005. Lee High School.
  81. ^ "Hunters Creek Village City." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 27, 2009.
  82. ^ "Piney Point Village City." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 27, 2009.
  83. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/redskins/new-poll-says-large-majority-of-americans-believe-redskins-should-not-change-name/2014/09/02/496e3dd0-32e0-11e4-9e92-0899b306bbea_story.html
  84. ^ http://www.si.com/nfl-fan-poll-2014/washington-redskins
  85. ^ Downing, Margaret. "Killing Archaic Symbols." Houston Chronicle. Wednesday April 23, 2004. Retrieved on May 12, 2014. -- title of page is "Rick Perry Lawyers Up. HISD Debuts New Mascots" with the main story by Carol Morgan.
  86. ^ Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 56-57.
  87. ^ Jenkins, Jeff. "Bellaire, Lamar in fight for an edge" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Thursday October 20, 2005. Retrieved on September 26, 2015.
  88. ^ Jenkins, Jeff. "Surging Bellaire to pose daunting task for Lamar in battle for 21-5A title" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Thursday October 21, 2004. Retrieved on September 26, 2015.
  89. ^ Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 56.
  90. ^ Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 54-56.
  91. ^ a b Curtis, Gregory. "Pomp and Circumstance" (Archive). Texas Monthly. Vol. 3, No. 3. Emmis Communications, March 1975. ISSN 0148-7736. p. 97.
  92. ^ Texas High School Football Statistics
  93. ^ [2]
  94. ^ "Athletics," Lamar High School
  95. ^ "2007 Clear Springs Water Polo," Clear Creek Independent School District
  96. ^ "Special Interest." Lamar High School. Accessed September 10, 2008.
  97. ^ "Performing Arts." Lamar High School. Accessed September 10, 2008.
  98. ^ "Academic Honors." Lamar High School. Accessed September 10, 2008.
  99. ^ "Service / Spirit." Lamar High School. Accessed September 10, 2008.
  100. ^ "News." Lamar High School. Accessed September 10, 2008.
  101. ^ "Leadership." Lamar High School. Accessed September 10, 2008.
  102. ^ "State of the School 2007," Lamar High School
  103. ^ "Press Release Articles," Lamar High School
  104. ^ International Students. Dalian No. 24 High School. Retrieved on September 13, 2009.
  105. ^ a b "Sister cities". City of Houston eGovernment Center. Retrieved June 14, 2007. 
  106. ^ "Japan Exchange Students" (Archive). Lamar High School. Retrieved on March 29, 2014.
  107. ^ "MacGregor Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  108. ^ "Poe Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  109. ^ "River Oaks Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  110. ^ "West University Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  111. ^ "Wharton Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  112. ^ "Wilson Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  113. ^ a b "HISD PROPOSED ATTENDANCE BOUNDARIES FOR BLACKSHEAR, JW JONES, & GREGORY LINCOLN ES." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
  114. ^ "Horn Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  115. ^ "Longfellow Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  116. ^ "Memorial Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  117. ^ "Roberts Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  118. ^ a b "St. George Place Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  119. ^ "Thompson Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  120. ^ "Twain Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  121. ^ "Lanier Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  122. ^ Cullen Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  123. ^ "Ryan Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  124. ^ "PROPOSED BOUNDARY FOR CULLEN MIDDLE SCHOOL." "AGENDA Board of Education Meeting March 07, 2013." Houston Independent School District. 30/105. Retrieved on June 30, 2013.
  125. ^ "Gregory-Lincoln Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  126. ^ "Hogg Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  127. ^ a b "Pershing Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  128. ^ a b "Pin Oak Middle School." The Southwest District. Houston Independent School District. February 14, 2002. Retrieved on April 20, 2009.
  129. ^ "Briargrove Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  130. ^ "Benavidez Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  131. ^ "Piney Point Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  132. ^ "Rodriguez Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  133. ^ "Braeburn Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  134. ^ "Condit Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  135. ^ "Cunningham Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  136. ^ "Emerson Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  137. ^ "Sutton Elementary School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  138. ^ "Grady Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  139. ^ "Long Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  140. ^ "Revere Middle School Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  141. ^ "Pilgrim Elementary Attendance Zone," Houston Independent School District
  142. ^ "Registration." Briarmeadow Charter School.
  143. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Distinguished HISD Alumni," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 20, 2011.
  144. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Lamar High School to Celebrate 70 Years of Service November 3." Houston Independent School District. October 3, 2007.
  145. ^ Brick, Michael. "Closing of murder case involving UT grads opens window into shadowy business of marijuana dealing." The Dallas Morning News. September 26, 2010. Retrieved on February 17, 2013.
  146. ^ Hollandsworth, Skip. "Girl, Interrupted" (Archive). Texas Monthly. May 2008. See article at Highbeam Business.
  147. ^ "Biography," U.S. Congressman John Culberson, 7th District of Texas
  148. ^ statesman.com | Metro and State | Obituaries
  149. ^ "Re: A Complete Waste of Time," Texas Monthly, August 19, 2007
  150. ^ McClain, Josh. "Former Baylor receiver Josh Gordon preps for NFL’s supplemental draft." Ultimate Texans, Houston Chronicle. July 10, 2012. Retrieved on February 17, 2013.
  151. ^ "Official Biography." Ty Hardin website
  152. ^ Ruiz, Rosanna (June 24, 2004). "Deaths: I.D. McMaster, 80, judge for 2 decades". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  153. ^ http://www.thebaseballcube.com/players/n/jeff-niemann.shtml
  154. ^ Steinberg, Dan. "Charles Mann works with Brian Orakpo." Washington Post. Retrieved on December 4, 2010.
  155. ^ "Prospect Profile: Lawrence Roberts," NBA
  156. ^ "Joe Savery, Rice University,
  157. ^ "BOB SMITH". profootballarchives.com. Retrieved May 18, 2015. 
  158. ^ Gene Wolfe by Joan Gordon

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official websites[edit]