History and setting for books
Lamb House was built in 1722 by James Lamb, a wealthy wine merchant and local politician. In the winter of 1726 King George I took refuge at the house after his ship was washed ashore at nearby Camber Sands. James Lamb gave up his bedroom for the King, while Mrs Lamb gave birth to a baby boy during the night. The child was named George and the king consented to be the boy's godfather.
A detached Garden Room, with a large bay window overlooking the street, was built at right angles to the house in 1743, and originally served as a banqueting room. Both Henry James and E. F. Benson later used the Garden Room as a base for their writing during the summer months. The Garden Room was destroyed by a German bomb in 1940.
Benson wrote lovingly of both the garden and house, which he renamed "Mallards", in his popular Mapp and Lucia novels. Lamb House is the subject of Joan Aiken's supernatural book The Haunting of Lamb House (1993), comprising three novellas about residents of the house at different times, including James and Benson (both of whom also wrote ghost stories).
Other tenants have included, the novelist Rumer Godden, the author and academic A. C. Benson, the author and politician H. Montgomery Hyde, the publisher Sir Brian Batsford, politician William Mabane, 1st Baron Mabane, the literary agent Graham Watson and the writers John Senior and Sarah Philo.
In 1950 the widow of Henry James's nephew gave Lamb House to the National Trust. Today the house is administered and maintained on the Trust's behalf by its current tenant. Some of James's personal possessions are on display, and there is an extensive walled garden, designed by Alfred Parsons at the request of Henry James, which is open to the public along with the house.
In 2006 Lamb House was subject to extensive exterior refurbishment, including the application of bird control proofing measures to prevent seagulls from nesting and blocking the internal parapet drainage systems. The measures included the use of a new technique of horizontal parallel wires to prevent gulls from landing. Several sections of stonework and the copper roof were replaced. The works lasted for 3 months, from April to June.
During summer 2014, Lamb House was used as the fictional "Mallards" for a new BBC TV adaptation of E.F. Benson's Mapp and Lucia. A temporary replica of the Garden Room was constructed for filming.
- "The National Trust: Lamb House". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- Henry James and Lamb House, The National Trust Guide Book
- Tennant-Scull, Claire. "A Pocket Full of Rye". www.wealdentimes.co.uk. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- Boit, Louise (August 1946). "Henry James as Landlord". www.theatlantic.com. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Rye Castle Museum: EF Benson and Rye". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "The Haunting of Lamb House by Joan Aiken". www.publishersweekly.com. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Rye Castle Museum: Lamb House". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- The Age 10 January 1963
- Daily Telegraph obituary
- "BBC announces adaptation of EF Benson's Mapp and Lucia". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Rye is in the frame again". www.ryeandbattleobserver.co.uk. Retrieved 10 May 2014.