Lambda Ursae Majoris

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Lambda Ursae Majoris
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ursa Major constellation and its surroundings
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Ursa Major constellation and its surroundings

Location of λ Ursae Majoris (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Ursa Major
Right ascension 10h 17m 05.78287s[1]
Declination +42° 54′ 51.6808″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +3.45[2]
Spectral type A2 IV[3]
U−B color index +0.06[2]
B−V color index +0.03[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) +18.1[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: –180.65[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –46.07[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 23.72 ± 0.78[1] mas
Distance 138 ± 5 ly
(42 ± 1 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +0.10[5]
Mass 2.11[6] M
Radius 2.3[7] R
Luminosity 37[7] L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.76±0.14[6] cgs
Temperature 9,247±314[6] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] +0.20[8] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 50[9] km/s
Age 380[6] Myr
Other designations
Tania Borealis, λ Ursae Majoris, λ UMa, Lambda UMa, 33 Ursae Majoris, BD+43 2005, FK5 383, GC 14113, HD 89021, HIP 50372, HR 4033, PPM 51795, SAO 43268.[10]
Database references

Lambda Ursae Majoris (λ Ursae Majoris, abbreviated Lambda UMa, λ UMa), also named Tania Borealis,[11] is a star in the northern circumpolar constellation of Ursa Major.


This star has an apparent visual magnitude of +3.45,[2] making it one of the brighter members of the constellation. The distance to this star has been measured directly using the parallax technique, which yields a value of roughly 138 light-years (42 parsecs) with a 4% margin of error. The stellar classification of Lambda Ursae Majoris is A2 IV,[3] with the luminosity class of 'IV' indicating that, after 410 million years[12] on the main sequence, this star is in the process of evolving into a giant star as the supply of hydrogen at its core becomes exhausted. Compared to the Sun it has 240% of the mass and 230% of the Sun's radius, but is radiating 37 times as much luminosity.[7] This energy is being emitted from the star's outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 9,280 K,[8] giving it the characteristic white-hot glow of an A-type star.[13]


λ Ursae Majoris (Latinised to Lambda Ursae Majoris) is the star's Bayer designation.

It bore the traditional names Tania (shared with Mu Ursae Majoris) and Tania Borealis. Tania comes from the Arabic phrase Al Fiḳrah al Thānia 'the Second Spring (of the Gazelle)'.[14] and Borealis (originally borealis[15]) is Latin for 'the north side'. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[16] to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN's first bulletin of July 2016[17] included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN; which included Tania Borealis for this star.

In Chinese, 三台 (Sān Tái), meaning Three Steps, refers to an asterism consisting of Lambda Ursae Majoris, Iota Ursae Majoris, Kappa Ursae Majoris, Mu Ursae Majoris, Nu Ursae Majoris and Xi Ursae Majoris. Consequently, Lambda Ursae Majoris itself is known as 三台三 (Sān Tái sān, English: the Third Star of Three Steps) and 中台一 (Zhōng Tái yī, English: Star of First Middle Step).[18]


  1. ^ a b c d e van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ a b c d Johnson, H. L.; et al. (1966), "UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars", Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 4 (99), Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J 
  3. ^ a b Cowley, A.; et al. (April 1969), "A study of the bright A stars. I. A catalogue of spectral classifications", Astronomical Journal, 74: 375–406, Bibcode:1969AJ.....74..375C, doi:10.1086/110819 
  4. ^ Evans, D. S. (June 20–24, 1966), "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities", in Batten, Alan Henry; Heard, John Frederick, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30, University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union, Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E 
  5. ^ Eggen, Olin J. (July 1998), "The Age Range of Hyades Stars", The Astronomical Journal, 116 (1): 284–292, Bibcode:1998AJ....116..284E, doi:10.1086/300413. 
  6. ^ a b c d David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, arXiv:1501.03154Freely accessible, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146. 
  7. ^ a b c Malagnini, M. L.; Morossi, C. (November 1990), "Accurate absolute luminosities, effective temperatures, radii, masses and surface gravities for a selected sample of field stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, 85 (3): 1015–1019, Bibcode:1990A&AS...85.1015M 
  8. ^ a b Hill, G. M. (February 1995), "Compositional differences among the A-type stars. 2: Spectrum synthesis up to V sin i = 110 km/s", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 294 (2): 536–546, Bibcode:1995A&A...294..536H 
  9. ^ Royer, F.; Zorec, J.; Gómez, A. E. (February 2007), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. III. Velocity distributions", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 463 (2): 671–682, Bibcode:2007A&A...463..671R, arXiv:astro-ph/0610785Freely accessible, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065224 
  10. ^ "lam UMa -- High proper-motion Star", SIMBAD, Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg, retrieved 2012-01-20 
  11. ^ "IAU Catalog of Star Names". Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  12. ^ Su, K. Y. L.; et al. (December 2006), "Debris Disk Evolution around A Stars", The Astrophysical Journal, 653 (1): 675–689, Bibcode:2006ApJ...653..675S, arXiv:astro-ph/0608563Freely accessible, doi:10.1086/508649 
  13. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, December 21, 2004, archived from the original on March 10, 2012, retrieved 2012-01-16 
  14. ^ Richard Hinckley Allen :Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning - Ursa Major, the Greater Bear
  15. ^ Piazzi, G., The Palermo Catalogue, Palermo, 1814.
  16. ^ "IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)". Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Bulletin of the IAU Working Group on Star Names, No. 1" (PDF). Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  18. ^ (in Chinese) (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 21 日