Lambert ten Kate
|Lambert ten Kate|
|Born||23 January 1674
|Died||14 December 1731
|Cause of death||A lingering illness|
Lambert ten Kate (23 January 1674 – 14 December 1731) was a Dutch linguist. His specialization was in comparative historical linguistics. He was also a well known art collector.
Early in his career, ten Kate was a merchant, as partner with his father, Herman ten Kate (1644-1706). The ten Kates engaged in the business of trading in corns, though it was not a preference for the younger man. He eventually left the family business, giving his attention to linguistics, especially, historical-comparative work, etymology, methodology, and the standard language. An early phonetician, he wrote linguistic and theological treatises on Dutch and other Germanic languages. His first published work on linguistics was at the instigation of Verwer. In his Aenleiding tot de kennisse van het verhevene deel der Nederduitsche sprake (1723), he made scientific comparisons of older language stages. By observation of the written and spoken language of his own time, he developed linguistic rules to detect and capture language changes. As his publications were all in his native Dutch language and not in Latin, he was not known internationally. His notable work, Geméénschap tussen de Gottische spraeke en de Nederduytsche ('Affinities and Similarities between the Dutch and Gothic Languages) was published anonymously. Thirteen years later, his magnum opus publication was a two-volume Aenleiding tot de kennisse van het verhevene deel der Nederduitsche sprake ('Introduction to the knowledge of the most important part of the Dutch language'). He died of a lingering illness in Amsterdam in 1731, and was buried in the Noorderkerk.
His major publications are the following.
- AJ van der Aa, Biographical dictionary of the Netherlands. Part 10 (1862)
- F. Jos. van den Branden and JG Frederiks, Biographical dictionary of the northern and southern Dutch Literature (1888-1891)
- PJ Blok and PC Molhuysen, New Netherland biographical dictionary. Part 5 (1921)
- K. at Avenue Literary dictionary for North and South (1952)
- Wim van Anrooij, Ingrid Biesheuvel, Karina van Dalen-Oskam and Jan Noordegraaf, and Bio-bibliographical dictionary of neerlandistiek (2004 - ...)
- Auroux, Sylvain (1 January 2001). Auroux, Sylvain; Koerner, E.F.K.; Niederehe, Hans-Josef; Versteegh, Kees: History of the Language Sciences / Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaften / Histoire des sciences du langage. 2. Teilband. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1116–. ISBN 978-3-11-019421-0. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Noordegraaf, J.; Koerner, E. F. K. (1992). The History of Linguistics in the Low Countries. John Benjamins Publishing. pp. 203–. ISBN 978-90-272-4551-9. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "Lambert ten Kate Hz" (in Dutch). Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren (The Digital Library of Dutch Literature). Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- Dekker, Cornelis (1998). The origins of Old Germanic studies in the Low Countries. BRILL. pp. 343–. ISBN 978-90-04-11031-1. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "Lambert ten Kate and Eighteenth-Century Dutch Linguistics" (pdf). Open Access Leiden University. Retrieved 21 January 2013.