Lambeth (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth|
Lambeth was a constituency 1832—1885 loosely equivalent in area to the later administrative units: the London Borough of Lambeth and the south-west and centre of the London Borough of Southwark. It returned two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by the bloc vote version of the first-past-the-post system.
The constituency was among many created under the Great Reform Act (for the 1832 general election) and abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election when it was divided into eight single-member seats: Camberwell North, Camberwell Peckham, Lambeth Brixton, Lambeth Kennington, Lambeth North, Lambeth Norwood, Newington Walworth and Newington West.
Under original proposals the parliamentary unit would have been large area of south east London by comprising the parishes of not just Newington and Lambeth but also all of Camberwell and two parishes which were chosen not to be included: Bermondsey and Rotherhithe. The commissioners appointed to fix parliamentary boundaries attempted to equalise the seven new "metropolitan" constituencies of London in number of voters and in population. For this reason Bermondsey and Rotherhithe were assigned to the neighbouring constituency of Southwark. It was also decided not to include the entirety of the parishes of Camberwell and Lambeth: both were very large parishes running five or six miles south from the Thames. The portions closest to the river were heavily built up, but the southern sections were mainly rural. Dulwich and part of Brixton were therefore excluded from the constituency, instead forming part of the East Surrey.
The boundaries of the parliamentary borough were detailed in the schedules of the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832, and consisted of:
- The entire parish of St Mary Newington
- The parish of St Giles Camberwell (except for the Manor and Hamlet of Dulwich)
- The part of the parish of Lambeth north of a line defined in the act.
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||Radical||Benjamin Hawes||Whig|
|1847||Charles Pearson||Liberal Party|
|1850 by-election||William Williams||Liberal Party|
|1852||William Arthur Wilkinson||Liberal Party|
|1857||William Roupell||Liberal Party|
|1862 by-election||Frederick Doulton||Liberal|
|1865 by-election||James Clarke Lawrence||Liberal|
|1868||Sir James Clarke Lawrence||Liberal||Sir William McArthur||Liberal|
|1885||constituency abolished: see Brixton, Camberwell North, Dulwich, Kennington, Lambeth North, Newington West, Norwood and Peckham, Newington Walworth|
Elections in the 1830s
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,716||46.4||N/A|
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,008||40.7||-5.7|
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,811||38.1||-2.6|
Elections in the 1840s
|Radical||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||2,568||28.8||-9.3|
|Liberal||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||3,708||31.2||+2.4|
Elections in the 1850s
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||4,752||37.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Charles Tennyson d'Eyncourt||3,829||30.4||-0.8|
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||3,156||16.1||+21.6|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||William Arthur Wilkinson||347||5.6||N/A|
|Liberal||James Lawrence||15,051||41.1||+ 14.6|
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||7,043||19.2||+ 16.3|
Election in the 1870s
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||11,201||31.9||+12.7|
Election in the 1880s
|Conservative||John Morgan Howard||16,701||30.4||-1.5|
- "Electoral areas in the parliamentary boroughs in Surrey". Surrey County Council. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions. London. pp. 125–126.
- "From the Point at which the Road from London to Dulwich by Red Post Hill leaves the Road from London over Herne Hill in a straight Line to Saint Matthews Church at Brixton; thence in a straight Line to a Point in the Boundary between the respective Parishes of Lambeth and Clapham One hundred and fifty Yards South of the Middle of the Carriageway along Acre Lane." The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol.72. London. 1832. p. 360. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Resigned 4 February 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
- Elected byelection 5 May 1862 (Harris (2001) p.119)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
- Harris, J. (2001). The Roupells of Lambeth. London: The Streatham Society. ISBN 1-873520-37-9.
- Hill, George (1879). The Electoral History of the Borough of Lambeth since its Enfranchisement in 1832. London: Stanford.