Lamborghini Aventador

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Lamborghini Aventador
Une Lamborghini Aventador S Coupé (2).JPG
Lamborghini Aventador S
Overview
ManufacturerAutomobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production
  • February 2011–2017 (LP700-4, LP750-4 SV coupe and roadster)
  • 2017–present (Aventador S, Aventador SVJ)
AssemblySant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Designer
  • Filippo Perini (original design)
  • Mitja Borkert (Aventador S)[1]
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style
LayoutMid-engine, four-wheel drive
RelatedLamborghini Veneno
Lamborghini Centenarió
Powertrain
Engine6.5 L L539 V12
Transmission7-speed ISR semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.30 in)
Length4,780 mm (188.19 in)
Width2,030 mm (79.92 in) (with mirrors: 2,265 mm (89.17 in))[2]
Height1,136 mm (44.72 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,575 kg (3,472 lb) (dry) LP700-4, LP740-4 S[1]
  • 1,731 kg (3,816 lb) (with fluids, Eur)[3]
  • 1,853 kg (4,085 lb) (with fluids, US)[4]
  • 1,769 kg (3,900 lb) LP 750-4 SV (with fluids, US)[5]
  • 1,819 kg (4,010 lb) LP 750-4 SV Roadster (with fluids, US)
  • 1,525 kg (3,362 lb) LP 770-4 SVJ (dry)
Chronology
PredecessorLamborghini Murciélago

The Lamborghini Aventador is a mid-engine sports car produced by the Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini. In keeping with Lamborghini tradition, the Aventador is named after a fighting bull. Aventador (pronounced [aβentaˈðoɾ]) earned the Trofeo de la Peña La Madroñera for its courage in the arena in Zaragoza, Spain, in 1993.[6][7][8]

History[edit]

Launched on 28 February 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show, five months after its initial unveiling in Sant'Agata Bolognese, the vehicle, internally codenamed LB834, was designed to replace the then-decade-old Murciélago as the new flagship model.[9][10][11]

Soon after the Aventador's unveiling, Lamborghini announced that it had sold 12 cars, with deliveries starting in the second half of 2011.[12] By March 2016, Lamborghini had built 5,000 Aventadors, in five years.[13]

Models[edit]

Aventador LP 700-4 (2011–2016)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4
Lamborghini Aventador with its signature scissor doors up

Production of the Aventador was planned to be limited to 4,000 vehicles (4,099 Murciélagos were built); however, in 2016, it achieved the 5,000 unit milestone. The molds used to make the carbon-fibre monocoque are expected to last 500 molds each and only 8 have been made. The base price of the Aventador is US$393,695.[14]

The car's shape borrows heavily from Lamborghini's limited-edition Reventón and their Estoque concept car.

The vehicle was unveiled at Lummus Park, Miami, followed by Miami International Airport,[15] followed by Auto China 2014 (with Nazionale configuration via Lamborghini Ad Personam personalization program).[16]

The Lamborghini Aventador starred in Transformers: Age of Extinction as Lockdown, the film's main antagonist.

Specifications[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador's 6.5 litre 60° L539 V12 engine

Engine[edit]

The Aventador LP 700–4 uses Lamborghini's new 700 PS (515 kW; 690 bhp) 6,498 cc (6.5 L; 396.5 cu in) 60° V12 engine weighing 235 kg. Known internally as the L539,[10] the new engine is Lamborghini's fifth in-house engine and second V12 design. It is the first all-new V12 since the 3.5 litre powerplant found in the 350GT.[17]

Displacement 6,498 cc (396.5 cu in)
Max. power 700 PS (515 kW; 690 bhp) at 8,250 rpm
Min. power to weight 378 PS (278 kW; 373 bhp) per tonne
Max. torque 690 N⋅m (509 lb⋅ft) at 5,500 rpm
CO2 emissions 398 g/km
Combined fuel consumption 17.2 L/100 km (16.4 mpg‑imp; 13.7 mpg‑US)[18]

Performance[edit]

The transmission, a single-clutch seven-speed semi-automatic, is built by Graziano Trasmissioni.[23][24] Despite being single-clutch, gear-shifts are accomplished in 50 milliseconds.

The new, electronically controlled, all-wheel drive system is developed and supplied by the Swedish company Haldex Traction, offering traction[25] and handling capabilities based on their 4th generation technology.[26]

The Lamborghini Aventador was replaced by the face-lifted Aventador S in 2016.[27]

Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster (2013–2016)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4 Roadster

The Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster was announced for production on 27 December 2012. Equipped with the same V12 engine as the coupé version, Lamborghini claims that it can accelerate from 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in less than 3 seconds and will achieve a top speed of more than 217 mph (349 km/h).[28]

The removable roof consists of two carbon fibre panels, weighing 6 kg (13 lb) each, which required the reinforcement of the rear pillar to compensate for the loss of structural integrity as well as to accommodate the rollover protection and ventilation systems for the engine. The panels are easily removable and are stored in the front luggage compartment. The Aventador Roadster has a unique engine cover design and an attachable wind deflector to improve cabin airflow at high speeds as well as a gloss black finish on the A-pillars, windshield header, roof panels, and rear window area. With a total weight of 1,625 kg (3,583 lb) it's only 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the coupé (the weight of the roof, plus additional stiffening in the sills and A-pillars). The base price of the car is US$441,600.[29][30][31]

Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce (2015–2017)[edit]

2015 Lamborghini Aventador SV

The Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce was announced at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. It features an upgraded powertrain, with maximum power output increased to 750 PS (552 kW; 740 hp) from the standard coupé's 700 PS (515 kW; 690 hp). Combined with weight reduction of 50 kg (110 lb) from increased usage of carbon fibre both inside and outside the car, the LP 750-4 SV has a power to weight ratio of 1 hp to 2 kg. The car also features improved aerodynamics, with downforce increased by 180% as compared to the standard Aventador coupé. Notable aerodynamic upgrades are a revised front splitter and a rear diffuser along with a fixed CFRP rear wing. The car's driving dynamics have also been upgraded, featuring new enhanced electronic steering for superior maneuverability at high speeds, magnetic pushrod suspension for superior handling, and chassis improvements to increase rigidity. Overall the LP 750-4 SV's 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration time is decreased from 2.9 seconds to 2.8 seconds, with the theoretical top speed still "somewhere in excess" of 350 km/h (217 mph).[citation needed] Delivery of the car began in the second quarter of 2015 with production limited to 600 units along with a base price of US$493,069.[32][33] Road & Track recorded a 0–241 km/h (0–150 mph) time of 12.8 seconds, a 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) time of 33.5 seconds, and a 0-14 mile (402 m) trap speed of 227.4 km/h (141.3 mph) in the March 2016 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) shootout.[34]

Production of the Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce ended in July 2017 with the last car finished in a bespoke liquid silver metallic paintjob.[35]

Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce Roadster (2016–2017)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador SV Roadster

Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce Roadster was unveiled at the 2015 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. It features a compact two-piece carbon fibre hard top that can be stowed in the trunk like the standard roadster. Numerous weight-saving measures have lowered the Roadster’s weight to 1,575 kg (3,472 lb), a figure that makes it 50 kg (110 lb) lighter than the standard roadster. In the US it has a base price of US$530,075 excluding tax, while UK pricing is £350,000.[36] Deliveries began in the first quarter of 2016 and production was limited to 500 units.[37]

Aventador LP 740-4 S (2016–present)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador S at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show
Lamborghini Aventador S

The Lamborghini Aventador S was revealed on 19 December 2016 at the Sant'Agata factory.[38] Official reveal of the car took place at the March 2017 Geneva Motor Show. The Aventador S is an update to the then outgoing Aventador with mechanical and exterior changes. The updated exterior of the car was designed by Lamborghini's head of design Mitja Borkert.[1] The 6.5 litre V12 engine now produces 740 PS (544 kW; 730 hp) at 8,400 rpm (40 PS (39 hp; 29 kW) more than the standard Aventador) and 690 N⋅m (509 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5,500 rpm.[39] The performance figures remain the same as the standard Aventador.

The S received four wheel steering, permanent four wheel drive and a slightly updated suspension. The suspension is controlled by the ‘Lamborghini Dinamica Veicolo Attiva’ (LDVA) control unit. The LDVA has four selectable modes – Sport, Strada (Street), Corsa (Track) and Ego (i.e. individual). Carbon ceramic brakes are standard (front: 400 mm, rear: 380 mm).[40] The nose was redesigned with a bigger front splitter and two new air ducts in the front bumper. At the rear it has a new black rear diffuser with fins, and three single exit exhausts tips. It has 130 percent more front downforce than the standard Aventador.[40]

Aventador LP740-4 S Roadster (2017–present)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador S Roadster at the 2017 Frankfurt Motor Show
Interior

The roadster variant of the new Aventador S followed up in 2017 at the Frankfurt International Motor Show, the roadster is mechanically identical to the coupé with the only difference being a different engine cover (identical to the standard Aventador roadster), two carbon fibre removable roof panels (weighing less than 6 kg (13 lb) stowable in the front compartment of the car and new optional wheels. The roadster is 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the coupé due to chassis reinforcing components due to which it accelerates from 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) 0.3 seconds slower than the coupé. The UK base price of the Aventador S roadster is £251,462.[41]

Aventador LP770-4 SVJ[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador SVJ at the 2018 Paris Motor Show.
Rear view

Unveiled at the 2018 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, the Aventador SVJ (Super Veloce Jota) is a powerful and track focused iteration of the Aventador SV. The 6.5-litre L539 V12 engine used in the entire Aventador lineage has been reworked and now generates a maximum power output of 770 PS (566 kW; 759 hp) at 8,500 rpm and 720 N⋅m (531 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6,750 rpm. The weight saving measures such as the extensive use of carbon fibre and titanium in the exhaust system has brought the weight down to 1,525 kg (3,362 lb), giving the car a power-to-weight ratio of 1.98 kg/hp. The Aventador SVJ can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 2.8 seconds and 0–200 km/h (0–124 mph) in 8.6 seconds and can attain a top speed of over 349 km/h (217 mph).

A prototype of the variant had previously made a new production car lap around the Nurburgring Nordschleife in July 2018, beating the previous record holder, the Porsche 911 GT2 RS by setting a lap time of 6:44.97 with Lamborghini test driver Marco Mapelli behind the wheel achieved by using the Pirelli Trofeo R tyres available with the car as an option.[42]

The Aventador SVJ is the first production V12 Lamborghini model to feature Lamborghini's Aerodynamica Lamborghini Attiva (ALA) system. This allows the car to achieve 40% more downforce than the Aventador SV and 1% reduction in the coefficient of drag. The system adds aerodynamic components to the car including a disconnected front splitter, tri-dimensional air outlet on the bonnet, a large carbon fibre rear wing with a central fin, underbody aero design with vortex generators, and a large rear diffuser. The system works in conjunction with Lamborghini Dinamica Veicolo Attiva 2.0 (LDVA 2.0) management system, which uses inertial sensors to control the car's aero in 500 milliseconds.

The Aventador SVJ "63 Edition", a special edition commemorating the company's year of foundation (1963), featuring a special white livery with the number 63 more prominent on the car would be first offered for sale which limited to just 63 units while the whole production run of the Aventador SVJ would be limited to just 900 units in total with deliveries starting in the beginning of 2019.[43]

Special editions[edit]

Aventador J[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador J

Six months after unveiling the Aventador, plans for a roadster version were leaked by the U.S. EPA after it included the model on a data sheet on its website. Lamborghini officially unveiled the Aventador J to the world at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[44] The roofless and windowless barchetta concept car uses the same V12 engine as the standard Aventador, producing 700 PS (690 hp; 515 kW) though the same single clutch transmission as in the standard coupé. The car does not have air conditioning or radio to save further weight for a total of 3,472 lb (1,575 kg).[45][46] The car presented at the Geneva show was the only unit to be produced.[47]

The J designation was thought to have come from Appendix J in the FIA rulebook that describes the technical specifications of race cars.[48] However, during an interview with designer Filippo Perini, it was revealed that the 'J' actually stands for Jota, in reference to a 1970s one off Lamborghini Miura Jota, which also conformed to the FIA's Appendix J regulations.

Dreamliner Edition (2012)[edit]

Dreamliner is a version of Aventador LP 700-4 coupé with blue and white body colour scheme from Boeing 787 Dreamliner, and pitch-black wheels. The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Aerospace & Defense Supplier Summit.[49]

Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario (2013)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario roadster

The Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario is a limited (200 units - 100 Coupe and 100 Roadster) version of the Aventador LP 700-4 commemorating the 50th anniversary of Automobili Lamborghini. It included increased engine power to 720 PS (530 kW; 710 bhp) via a new specific engine calibration, enlarged and extended front air intakes and the aerodynamic splitter, small flaps set into the sides, new rear end featuring an enlarged diffuser and expansive meshwork that further improves engine-compartment ventilation, model-exclusive Giallo Maggio (Italian for "May yellow") body colour featuring sparkling yellow paintwork with a layer of transparent and highly reflective particles; front and rear and sills in two-tone (Giallo Maggio and matte black) design, semi-aniline leather interior upholstery in Nero Ade (black) with Terra Emilia (optional Giallo Quercus (yellow)) with Q-Citura stitch diamond pattern, 50th anniversary emblem in forged composite carbon-fiber. The base price of the Aventador LP 720-4 50° is US$548,000 which is US$106,300 more than the Aventador Roadster.

The coupe was unveiled at the 2013 Shanghai Motor Show.[50][51]

The roadster was unveiled at the 2013 Quail Motorsports Gathering.[52]

Aventador airport vehicle (2013)[edit]

An Aventador was made for the Bologna Airport featuring a white body colour, red and white chequered flag decals on the sides, a light bar on the roof and 'FOLLOW ME' written on the bonnet.

The vehicle was unveiled at the Bologna Airport between 6 May 2013 and 19 May 2013 and was used to guide aircraft around the airport.[53] It was also used in Heathrow Airport, London, as an airport vehicle for a single day.[54]

Aventador Pirelli Edition (2014)[edit]

The Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Pirelli Edition was announced in December 2014. Celebrating a 50-year association between Lamborghini and Pirelli, it features a design and colour scheme that echoes the Pirelli tyre, with a thin red stripe running across the roof.[55]

SC18 Alston[edit]

Introduced in November 2018, the SC18 Alston is a track focused one-off created for a customer under close collaboration with Lamborghini's motorsport division Squadra Corse. Based on the Aventador SVJ, the SC18 incorporates aerodynamic elements taken from the Huracàn GT3 and the Huracàn SuperTrofeo Evo. Main features of the car include a big adjustable carbon-fibre rear wing, front air intakes on the hood taken from the Huracàn GT3, new wheels created especially for the car, a one-off exhaust system along with rear lights from the Centenario, rear fenders, rood scoops and the central fin from the Huracàn SuperTrofeo Evo and a new front bumper. The mechanical components and drive train remain the same as the donor car.[56][57]

Reception[edit]

Unibody construction as used for the Aventador LP700-4

Automotive magazines such as Car and Driver and Motor Trend reviewed the Aventador. Car and Driver titled their article "The best Lamborghini ever." Motor Trend described it as "the friendliest V-12 supercar in the world." Praise for Lamborghini's all-new V-12 powerplant centered on the engine's responsiveness, torque, and smooth power output. Criticism centered mainly around the Aventador's unrefined single-disc clutch.[58][59]

On 31 July 2011, the Aventador was reviewed by the motorsport show Top Gear. Host Richard Hammond was impressed with the performance and handling of the car. His biggest complaint was a nostalgic poke at the Aventador's accessible temperament, implying that it left him longing for the "danger" associated with driving previous Lamborghini supercars.[60] The Aventador posted the fifth fastest time ever recorded on the Top Gear test track with a time of 1:16.5, beating the US$2,000,000 Bugatti Veyron Super Sport, the Ferrari Enzo, the Porsche 911 GT3, and other supercars from around the world. In season 18 of the programme, presenter Jeremy Clarkson said that the Aventador is better than the Ferrari 458 Italia (which they had previously called the best supercar ever), describing it as being "£200,000 worth of dreams."[61] The Aventador won the "Supercar of the Year 2011" from Top Gear. Hammond later reviewed the Aventador Roadster in a segment of 50 years of Lamborghini.

Marketing[edit]

Robert Gülpen of RGE Robert Gülpen Engineering GmbH produced a 1/8-scale model Aventador LP 700-4 that was sold through an auction December 2011 with starting bid price of US$4,700,000 (€3,500,000).[62] A second model, featuring gold wrapping at body, was set to go for sale at auction with a starting bid price of US$7,500,000.[63]

BMC Switzerland produced a limited (50 units) edition of Lamborghini 50th Anniversary Edition impec bicycles inspired by the Lamborghini Aventador. The bikes cost US$32,000 (€25000) each via international BMC or Lamborghini dealer network, with delivery done by the dealer.[64]

Production[edit]

The first 1,000 Aventadors were built in 15 months.[65][66]

Year Units Coupé Roadster
2011[67] 447 447
2012[67] 976 (922 deliveries[68]) 958 18
2013[69] 1,113 (1,001 deliveries[69]) 710 403
2014[70] 1,110 (1,128 deliveries[71]) 456 654
2015[72] 1,079 (1,003 deliveries[73]) 666 413
2016[74] 1,160 587 573
2017[74] 1,286 1,008 278
Total 7,171 4,832 2,339

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