Lamborghini Aventador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lamborghini Aventador
Lamborghini Aventador Genf 2018.jpg
Lamborghini Aventador S
Overview
Manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production
  • February 2011–2017 (LP700-4, LP750-4 SV coupe and roadster)
  • 2017–Present (Aventador S coupe and roadster)
Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Designer Filippo Perini
Mitja Borkert (LP740, as Aventador S)[1]
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style 2-door coupé / roadster
Layout Mid-engine, four-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 6.5 L L539 V12
Transmission 7-speed ISR Semi-automatic transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.30 in)
Length 4,780 mm (188.19 in)
Width 2,030 mm (79.92 in) (w/mirrors: 2,265 mm (89.17 in))[2]
Height 1,136 mm (44.72 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,575 kg (3,472 lb) (dry) LP700-4, LP740-4 S[1]
  • 1,731 kg (3,816 lb) (w/ fluids, Eur)[3]
  • 1,853 kg (4,085 lb) (w/ fluids, US)[4]
  • 1,769 kg (3,900 lb) LP 750-4 SV (w/fluids, US)[5]
  • 1,819 kg (4,010 lb) LP 750-4 SV Roadster (w/fluids, US)
Chronology
Predecessor Lamborghini Murciélago

The Lamborghini Aventador is a mid-engined sports car produced by the Italian automotive manufacturer Lamborghini.

Launched on 28 February 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show, five months after its initial unveiling in Sant'Agata Bolognese, the vehicle, internally codenamed LB834, was designed to replace the then-decade-old Murciélago as the new flagship model.[6][7][8]

Soon after the Aventador's unveiling, Lamborghini announced that it had sold 12 cars, with deliveries starting in the second half of 2011.[9] By March 2016, Lamborghini had built 5,000 Aventadors, taking five years to achieve this milestone.[10]

Background[edit]

In keeping with Lamborghini tradition, the Aventador is named after a fighting bull. Aventador (pronounced [aβentaˈðoɾ]) was a bull that fought particularly valiantly in the bull ring of Zaragoza, Spain in 1993.[11][12] The bull which the Aventador is named after earned the Trofeo de la Peña La Madroñera for its courage in the arena.[13]

Aventador LP 700-4 Coupe (2011–2016)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4
Lamborghini Aventador with its signature scissor doors up

Production of the Aventador was planned to be limited to 4,000 vehicles (4,099 Murciélagos were built); however, in 2016, it achieved the 5,000 unit milestone. The molds used to make the carbon-fibre monocoque are expected to last 500 molds each and only 8 have been made. The base price of the Aventador is US$393,695.[14]

The car's shape borrows heavily from Lamborghini's limited-edition Reventón and their Estoque concept car.

The vehicle was unveiled at Lummus Park, Miami, followed by Miami International Airport,[15] followed by Auto China 2014 (with Nazionale configuration via Lamborghini Ad Personam personalization program).[16]

The Lamborghini Aventador starred in Transformers: Age of Extinction as Lockdown, the film's main antagonist.

Specifications[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador's 6.5 litre 60° L539 V12 engine

Engine[edit]

The Aventador LP 700–4 uses Lamborghini's new 700 PS (515 kW; 690 bhp) 6,498 cc (6.5 L; 396.5 cu in) 60° V12 engine weighing 235 kg. Known internally as the L539,[7] the new engine is Lamborghini's fifth in-house engine and second V12 design. It is the first all-new V12 since the 3.5 litre powerplant found in the 350GT.[17]

Displacement 6,498 cc (396.5 cu in)
Max. power 700 PS (515 kW; 690 bhp) @ 8,250 rpm
Min. power to weight 378 PS (278 kW; 373 bhp) per tonne
Max. torque 690 N⋅m (509 lb⋅ft) @ 5,500 rpm
CO2 emissions 398 g/km
Combined fuel consumption 17.2 L/100 km (16.4 mpg‑imp; 13.7 mpg‑US)[18]

Performance[edit]

The transmission, a single-clutch seven-speed semi-automatic, is built by Graziano Trasmissioni.[23][24] Despite being single-clutch, gear-shifts are accomplished in 50 milliseconds.

The new, electronically controlled, all-wheel drive system is developed and supplied by the Swedish company Haldex Traction, offering traction[25] and handling capabilities based on their 4th generation technology.[26]

Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4 has a power to weight ratio of 2.47 kg (5.45 lb) per horsepower.

Update[edit]

The Lamborghini Aventador was replaced by the face-lifted Aventador S in 2016.[27]

Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster (2013–2016)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4 Roadster

The Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster was announced for production on 27 December 2012. Equipped with the same V12 engine as the coupé version, Lamborghini claims that it can accelerate from 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in less than 3 seconds and will achieve a top speed of more than 217 mph (349 km/h).[28]

The removable roof consists of two carbon fibre panels, weighing 6 kg (13 lb) each, which required the reinforcement of the rear pillar to compensate for the loss of structural integrity as well as to accommodate the rollover protection and ventilation systems for the engine. The panels are easily removable and are stored in the front luggage compartment. The Aventador Roadster has a unique engine cover design and an attachable wind deflector to improve cabin airflow at high speeds as well as a gloss black finish on the A-pillars, windshield header, roof panels, and rear window area. With a total weight of 1,625 kg (3,583 lb) it's only 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the coupé (the weight of the roof, plus additional stiffening in the sills and A-pillars). The base price of the car is US$441,600.[29][30][31]

Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce (2015–2017)[edit]

2015 Lamborghini Aventador SV

The Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce was announced at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. It features an upgraded powertrain, with maximum power output increased to 750 PS (552 kW; 740 hp) from the standard coupé's 700 PS (515 kW; 690 hp). Combined with weight reduction of 50 kg (110 lb) from increased usage of carbon fibre both inside and outside the car, the LP 750-4 SV has a power to weight ratio of 1 hp to 2 kg. The car also features improved aerodynamics, with downforce increased by 180% as compared to the standard Aventador coupé. Notable aerodynamic upgrades are a revised front splitter and a rear diffuser along with a fixed CFRP rear wing. The car's driving dynamics have also been upgraded, featuring new enhanced electronic steering for superior manoeuvrability at high speeds, magnetic pushrod suspension for superior handling, and chassis improvements to increase rigidity. Overall the LP 750-4 SV's 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration time is decreased from 2.9 seconds to 2.8 seconds, with the theoretical top speed still "somewhere in excess" of 350 km/h (217 mph).[citation needed] Delivery of the car began in the second quarter of 2015 with production limited to 600 units along with a base price of US$493,069.[32][33] Road & Track recorded a 0–241 km/h (0–150 mph) time of 12.8 seconds, a 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) time of 33.5 seconds, and a 0-402m (¼-mile) trap speed of 227.4 km/h (141.3 mph) in the March 2016 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) shootout.[34]

The Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce has a power to weight ratio of 2.03 kg (4.48 lb) per horsepower.

Production of the Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce ended in July 2017 with the last car finished in a bespoke liquid silver metallic paintjob.[35]

Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce Roadster (2016–2017)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador SV Roadster

Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce Roadster was unveiled at the 2015 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. It features a compact two-piece carbon fibre hard top that can be stowed in the trunk like the standard roadster. Numerous weight-saving measures have lowered the Roadster’s weight to 1,575 kg (3,472 lb), a figure that makes it 50 kg (110 lb) lighter than the standard roadster. In the US it has a base price of US$530,075 excluding tax, while UK pricing is £350,000.[36] Deliveries began in the first quarter of 2016 and production was limited to 500 units.[37]

Aventador LP 740-4 S (2016–present)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador S at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show
Lamborghini Aventador S

The Lamborghini Aventador S was revealed on 19 December 2016 at the Sant'Agata factory.[38] Official reveal of the car took place at the March 2017 Geneva Motor Show. The Aventador S is an update to the then outgoing Aventador with mechanical and exterior changes. The updated exterior of the car was designed by Lamborghini's head of design Mitja Borkert.[1] The 6.5 litre V12 engine now produces 740 PS (544 kW; 730 hp) at 8,400 rpm (40 PS (39 hp; 29 kW) more than the standard Aventador) and 690 N⋅m (509 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5,500 rpm.[39] The performance figures remain the same as the standard Aventador.

The S received four wheel steering, permanent four wheel drive and a slightly updated suspension. The suspension is controlled by the ‘Lamborghini Dinamica Veicolo Attiva’ (LDVA) control unit. The LDVA has four selectable modes – Sport, Strada (Street), Corsa (Track) and Ego (i.e. individual). Carbon ceramic brakes are standard (front: 400 mm, rear: 380 mm).[40] The nose was redesigned with a bigger front splitter and two new air ducts in the front bumper. At the rear it has a new black rear diffuser with fins, and three single exit exhausts tips. It has 130 percent more front downforce than the standard Aventador.[40]

The Lamborghini Aventador LP740-4 S has a power to weight ratio of 2.34 kg (5.16 lb) per horsepower.

Aventador LP 740-4 S Roadster (2017–present)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador S Roadster at the 2017 Frankfurt Motor Show
Interior

The roadster variant of the new Aventador S followed up in 2017 at the Frankfurt International Motor Show, the roadster is mechanically identical to the coupé with the only difference being a different engine cover (identical to the standard Aventador roadster), two carbon fibre removable roof panels (weighing less than 6 kg (13 lb) stowable in the front compartment of the car and new optional wheels. The roadster is 50 kg (110 lb) heavier than the coupé due to chassis reinforcing components due to which it accelerates from 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) 0.3 seconds slower than the coupé. The UK base price of the Aventador S roadster is £251,462.[41]

Special editions[edit]

Aventador J[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador J

Six months after unveiling the Aventador, plans for a roadster version were leaked by the U.S. EPA after it included the model on a data sheet on its website. Lamborghini officially unveiled the Aventador J to the world at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[42] The roofless and windowless barchetta concept car uses the same V12 engine as the standard Aventador, producing 700 PS (690 hp; 515 kW) though the same single clutch transmission as in the standard coupé. The car does not have air conditioning or radio to save further weight for a total of 3,472 lb (1,575 kg).[43][44] The car presented at the Geneva show was the only unit to be produced, and was sold for US$2,800,000. Another car was produced for Shaikh Al Yahyaa at his request and was sold at an unknown price.[45]

The J designation was thought to have come from Appendix J in the FIA rulebook that describes the technical specifications of race cars.[46] However, during an interview with designer Filippo Perini, it was revealed that the 'J' actually stands for Jota, in reference to a 1970s one off Lamborghini Miura Jota, which also conformed to the FIA's Appendix J regulations.

Dreamliner Edition (2012)[edit]

Dreamliner is a version of Aventador LP 700-4 coupé with blue and white body colour scheme from Boeing 787 Dreamliner, and pitch-black wheels. The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Aerospace & Defense Supplier Summit.[47]

Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario (2013)[edit]

Lamborghini Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario roadster

The Aventador LP 720-4 50° Anniversario is a limited (200 units - 100 Coupe and 100 Roadster) version of the Aventador LP 700-4 commemorating the 50th anniversary of Automobili Lamborghini. It included increased engine power to 720 PS (530 kW; 710 bhp) via a new specific engine calibration, enlarged and extended front air intakes and the aerodynamic splitter, small flaps set into the sides, new rear end featuring an enlarged diffuser and expansive meshwork that further improves engine-compartment ventilation, model-exclusive Giallo Maggio (Italian for "May yellow") body colour featuring sparkling yellow paintwork with a layer of transparent and highly reflective particles; front and rear and sills in two-tone (Giallo Maggio and matte black) design, semi-aniline leather interior upholstery in Nero Ade (black) with Terra Emilia (optional Giallo Quercus (yellow)) with Q-Citura stitch diamond pattern, 50th anniversary emblem in forged composite carbon-fiber. The base price of the Aventador LP 720-4 50° is US$548,000 which is US$106,300 more than the Aventador Roadster.

The coupe was unveiled at the 2013 Shanghai Motor Show.[48][49]

The roadster was unveiled at the 2013 Quail Motorsports Gathering.[50]

Aventador airport vehicle (2013)[edit]

An Aventador was made for the Bologna Airport featuring a white body colour, red and white chequered flag decals on the sides, a light bar on the roof and 'FOLLOW ME' written on the bonnet.

The vehicle was unveiled at the Bologna Airport between 6 May 2013 and 19 May 2013 and was used to guide aircraft around the airport.[51] It was also used in Heathrow Airport, London, as an airport vehicle for a single day.[52]

Aventador Pirelli Edition (2014)[edit]

The Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Pirelli Edition was announced in December 2014. Celebrating a 50-year association between Lamborghini and Pirelli, it features a design and colour scheme that echoes the Pirelli tyre, with a thin red stripe running across the roof.[53]

Aventador-based limited production specials[edit]

Veneno[edit]

Lamborghini Veneno
Geneva MotorShow 2013 - Lamborghini Veneno 1.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production 2013–2014
5 made
Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Designer
  • Filippo Perini
  • Michele Tinazzo
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style
Layout Mid-engine, all-wheel-drive
Related Lamborghini Aventador
Powertrain
Engine 6.5 L L539 V12
Transmission 7-speed ISR semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.30 in)
Length 5,020 mm (197.64 in)
Width 2,075 mm (81.69 in)
Height 1,165 mm (45.87 in)
Curb weight

1,490 kg (3,280 lb) (Roadster; dry)

1,450 kg (3,200 lb) (Coupe; dry)
Lamborghini Veneno (rear)

The Lamborghini Veneno is a limited production sports car based on the Lamborghini Aventador and was built to celebrate Lamborghini’s 50th anniversary. It was introduced at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. When introduced, it had a price of US$4,500,000, which makes it the one of the most expensive production cars in the world.[54] The prototype, Car Zero, is finished in grey and includes an Italian flag vinyl on both sides of the car. The engine is a development of the Aventador's 6.5 L V12 and produces 750 PS (552 kW; 740 bhp) at 8,400 rpm and 690 N⋅m (509 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5,500 rpm.[55][56]

Lamborghini built just five examples of the Veneno: One for factory testing (dubbed car number Zero), one retained for the factory and three cars for customers.

The Lamborghini Veneno has a top speed of 221 mph (356 km/h) and has a 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) acceleration time of 2.8 seconds. The car has a braking distance of 30 m (98.0 ft) from 60–0 mph (97–0 km/h), and produces 1.41 G while cornering.[57]

The Lamborghini Veneno has a weight to power ratio of 1.93 kg (4.25 lb) per horsepower.

Veneno Roadster (2014)[edit]

The roadster variant of the Lamborghini Veneno was unveiled on the Italian naval aircraft carrier Cavour docked in Abu Dhabi's Mina Zayed port in 2014,[58][59] followed by the 2014 Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show.[60] Performance of the roadster remains identical to that of the coupé with the roadster being 50 kg (110.2 lb) heavier than the coupé counterpart due to chassis reinforcing components.

The roadster went on sale for €3,300,000 (excluding tax). Only nine units of the roadster were produced, all of which were already sold.[61]

Centenario[edit]

Lamborghini Centenario
2016-03-01 Geneva Motor Show 1360.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A
Production
  • 2016–2017
  • (20 coupés and 20 roadsters) [62]
Assembly Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style
Layout Mid-engine, all-wheel-drive
Related Lamborghini Aventador
Powertrain
Engine 6.5 L L539 V12
Transmission 7-speed ISR semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length 4,924 mm (193.9 in)
Width 2,062 mm (81.2 in)
Height 1,143 mm (45.0 in)
Curb weight
  • 3,351 lb (1,520 kg) (coupe, dry)
  • 3,889 lb (1,764 kg) (coupe, w/ fluids)
  • 3,461 lb (1,570 kg) (Roadster, dry)
  • 3,999 lb (1,814 kg) (Roadster, w/ fluids)

The Lamborghini Centenario is a limited edition sports car based on the Lamborghini Aventador which was unveiled at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show to commemorate the 100th birthday of the company's founder, Ferrucio Lamborghini.[63] Power comes from a tuned version of the Aventador's 6.5-litre V12 producing 770 PS (759 bhp; 566 kW) at 8,500 rpm and 690 N⋅m (509 lb⋅ft) of torque at 5,500 rpm. The car can accelerate from 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.8 seconds and has a top speed of 350 km/h (217 mph).[64]

The Lamborghini Centenario has a power to weight ratio of 2.32 kg (5.11 lb) per horsepower and a braking distance of 30 m (98 ft) from 62–0 mph (100–0 km/h).[62]

Centenario Roadster (2016)[edit]

Lamborghini unveiled the Centenario LP 770-4 Roadster at the August 2016 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. The only dimension change over the coupé counterpart is the weight of the car, which is now set to at least 1,570 kg (3,461 lb). Performance remains the same as that of the coupé.[65]

Production[edit]

A total of 40 cars, (20 coupes and 20 roadsters) were produced, all of which were already sold.[66]

Reception[edit]

Unibody construction as used for the Aventador LP700-4

Automotive magazines such as Car and Driver and Motor Trend reviewed the Aventador. Car and Driver titled their article "The best Lamborghini ever." Motor Trend described it as "the friendliest V-12 supercar in the world." Praise for Lamborghini's all-new V-12 powerplant centered on the engine's responsiveness, torque, and smooth power output. Criticism centered mainly around the Aventador's unrefined single-disc clutch.[67][68]

On 31 July 2011, the Aventador was reviewed by the motorsport show Top Gear. Host Richard Hammond was impressed with the performance and handling of the car. His biggest complaint was a nostalgic poke at the Aventador's accessible temperament, implying that it left him longing for the "danger" associated with driving previous Lamborghini supercars.[69] The Aventador posted the fifth fastest time ever recorded on the Top Gear test track with a time of 1:16.5, beating the US$2,000,000 Bugatti Veyron Super Sport, the Ferrari Enzo, the Porsche 911 GT3, and other supercars from around the world. In season 18 of the programme, presenter Jeremy Clarkson said that the Aventador is better than the Ferrari 458 Italia (which they had previously called the best supercar ever), describing it as being "£200,000 worth of dreams."[70] The Aventador won the "Supercar of the Year 2011" from Top Gear.

Marketing[edit]

Robert Gülpen of RGE Robert Gülpen Engineering GmbH produced a 1/8-scale model Aventador LP 700-4 that was sold through an auction December 2011 with starting bid price of US$4,700,000 (€3,500,000).[71] A second model, featuring gold wrapping at body, was set to go for sale at auction with a starting bid price of US$7,500,000.[72]

BMC Switzerland produced a limited (50 units) edition of Lamborghini 50th Anniversary Edition impec bicycles inspired by the Lamborghini Aventador. The bikes cost US$32,000 (€25000) each via international BMC or Lamborghini dealer network, with delivery done by the dealer.[73]

Production[edit]

The first 1,000 Aventadors were built in 15 months.[74][75]

Year Units Coupé Roadster
2011[76] 447 447
2012[76] 976 (922 deliveries[77]) 958 18
2013[78] 1,113 (1,001 deliveries[78]) 710 403
2014[79] 1,110 (1,128 deliveries[80]) 456 654
2015[81] 1,079 (1,003 deliveries[82]) 666 413
2016[83] 1,160 - -

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Barry, Ben (10 February 2017). "Lamborghini Aventador S (2017) review". CAR Magazine. UK. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  2. ^ "Official website for the Lamborghini Aventador". Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Lago, Carlos (30 January 2012). "2012 Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 European Spec First Test". Motor Trend. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "2012-Lamborghini-Aventador-LP700-4-specs" (PDF). Car and Driver. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Evans, Scott (15 February 2016). "2015 Lamborghini-Avenatdor SV First Test". Motor Trend. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  6. ^ di Andrea Zuanni (17 November 2010). "Lamborghini: tutti i dettagli e i video del nuovo V12 – Tecnica". Motori.it. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "2012 Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4: In Depth". Autoblog. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "2012 Lamborghini LP700-4 Aventador". CoverCars. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador Sold Out". Insideline.com. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  10. ^ Harley, Michael (22 March 2016). "Lamborghini builds 5,000th Aventador, production rate continues to climb". Autoblog. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  11. ^ Markus, Frank (February 2013). "Sant'Agata Bolognese to Zaragoza, the Heming-Way". Motor Trend. 65 (2): 106. 
  12. ^ "Toros Notables" (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Pulman, Ben (28 February 2011). "Lamborghini Aventador LP700-4 (2011) at 2011 Geneva motor show". CAR Magazine. UK. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "Lambo set for 4000 Aventadors". autocar.co.uk. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  15. ^ "Miami Calling" (Press release). Lamborghini. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  16. ^ "Lamborghini reveals Aventador Nazionale in Beijing" (Press release). autoblog. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  17. ^ Gritzinger, Bob (30 May 2011). "The Beatification of Lamborghini". AutoWeek. 61 (11): 20–23. 
  18. ^ "Technical Specifications". Lamborghini. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "2012 lamborghini aventador LP700-4". Top Speed. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  20. ^ "2012-Lamborghini-Aventador-LP700-4-specs" (PDF). Car and Driver. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  21. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4: Technische Daten". Lamborghini. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  22. ^ "Aventador TOP SPEED 370 km/h & Hockenheim Lap Test sport auto New Lamborghini LP 700-4". 14 December 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2012 – via YouTube. 
  23. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador's transmission comes from Italian specialists Oerlikon Graziano". Harry. Archived from the original on 16 April 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  24. ^ "Oerlikon Graziano and Vocis Driveline Controls develop step change in transmission technology for new Lamborghini flagship". Oerlikon Graziano. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  25. ^ "2012 Lamborghini aventador Lp700-4". Top Speed. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  26. ^ Lamborghini Automobili. "Aventador LP 700–4 Technical Specification". Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  27. ^ "Lamborghini models line up". Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  28. ^ Sanchez, Edward A. "First Look:2013 Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster". Motor Trend. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  29. ^ Hudson, Paul (14 February 2013). "Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster review". Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  30. ^ Ross, Jeffrey N. (15 November 2012). "Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 Roadster priced from $441,600 for US". Autoblog. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  31. ^ Neil, Dan (4 April 2013). "2013 Lamborghini Aventador Roadster Review: For the Tall Driver in a Huge Hurry". WSJ.com. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  32. ^ Ireson, Nelson (4 March 2015). "Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SuperVeloce Revealed In Geneva". Motor Authority. US. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  33. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (21 April 2015). "Lamborghini Aventador SV, production and pricing". Motor Authority. Retrieved 3 February 2018. 
  34. ^ "Acceleration test results". Road & Track. US. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  35. ^ Bigg, Martin (4 July 2017). "Last Aventador SV rolls off the production line". carbuzz. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  36. ^ Ewing, Steven J. (14 August 2015). "Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 SV Roadster drops its top at the Quail". Autoblog. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador SVRoadster production numbers". CAR Magazine. 15 August 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  38. ^ Fung, Derek (20 December 2016). "2017 Lamborghini Aventador S revealed, Australian pricing confirmed: Facelifted hero gets more power, four-wheel steering". Car Advice. Australia. Retrieved 24 August 2017. 
  39. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador S Coupé". Lamborghini. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  40. ^ a b Pattni, Vijay (19 December 2016). "This is the new 730bhp Lambo Aventador S". Top Gear. UK. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 
  41. ^ James Wilson (11 September 2017). "Lamborghini Aventador S roadster revealed". Auto Express magazine. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  42. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador J unveiled". Caradvice.com.au. 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  43. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador J 2012". DieselStation.com. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  44. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador J at Geneva 2012". Automoblog.net. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  45. ^ Migliore, Greg (6 March 2012). "Lamborghini Aventador J sells for $2.8 million". Autoweek. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  46. ^ Migliore, Greg (5 March 2012). "Aventador J: Lamborghini goes topless at Geneva auto show". Autoweek. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  47. ^ "Boeing and Lamborghini Create Aventador Dreamliner Edition". Car Buzz. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  48. ^ "2014 LP 720-4 Announced". 17 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  49. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (20 April 2013). "2013 Lamborghini Aventador LP720-4 50 Anniversario is indeed worth celebrating - Autoblog". Auto Blog. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  50. ^ "Lamborghini unveils 50th anniversary Aventador Roadster and Gallardo". Autoblog. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  51. ^ Tutu, Andrei (9 May 2013). "Lamborghini Aventador Becomes Bologna Airport Vehicle". autoevolution. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  52. ^ Read, Dan (24 October 2013). "Top Gear runs Heathrow Airport for a day". Top Gear. 
  53. ^ "Lamborghini Aventador Pirelli Edition". HROwen. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  54. ^ Henry, Jim (19 December 2013). "10 Most Expensive Cars Of 2014: Keeping Up With The 1 Percent". Forbes. Retrieved 1 July 2015. 
  55. ^ Tisshaw, Mark (5 March 2013). "Geneva motor show: Lamborghini Veneno". Autocar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  56. ^ "A unique triple-pack: the new Lamborghini Veneno" (Press release). Lamborghini. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  57. ^ "Lamborghini Veneno specifications". Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  58. ^ Turkus, Brandon (3 December 2013). "Lamborghini Veneno Roadster stands in for fighter jet aboard Italian carrier". autoblog. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  59. ^ "Lamborghini World Premiere of Veneno Roadster" (Press release). Lamborghini. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  60. ^ "Meet The Lamborghini Veneno Roadster at the CES 2014 in Las Vegas" (Press release). Lamborghini. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  61. ^ Joseph, Noah (20 October 2013). "Lamborghini officially reveals new Veneno Roadster". autoblog. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  62. ^ a b "Lamborghini Centenario, production". Retrieved 23 January 2018. 
  63. ^ Joseph, Noah (1 December 2015). "Lambo to mark founder's birth with limited-run supercar in Geneva". Autoblog. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  64. ^ "2016 Lamborghini Centenario LP 770-4". carfolio. Retrieved 2 July 2018. 
  65. ^ Seyers, Mark (20 August 2016). "Centenario LP770-4 Roadster". LamboCARS. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  66. ^ Gnaticov, Cristian (14 January 2016). "Lamborghini "Centenario" Has Been Reportedly Sold Out". Carscoops. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  67. ^ Robinson, Aaron (December 2011). "The Best Lamborghini Ever". Car and Driver. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  68. ^ Lago, Carlos (30 January 2012). "2012 Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4 European Spec First Test". Motor Trend. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  69. ^ "Top Gear". Series 17. Episode 6. 31 July 2011. BBC 2. 
  70. ^ "Power Laps". BBC. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  71. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (17 September 2011). "Lamborghini Aventador 1:8 scale model costs 12 times the real thing". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  72. ^ Lowney, Damon (19 September 2013). "World's most expensive model car will be wrapped in thin gold sheet". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  73. ^ "Latest ultra-light Lamborghini only costs around $32,000". Autoblog. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  74. ^ John Neff (19 July 2012). "Lamborghini celebrates assembly of 1,000th Aventador". autoblog.com. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  75. ^ Jake Holmes (19 July 2012). "Lamborghini Builds 1000 Aventador LP700-4 Supercars in 15 Months". motortrend.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  76. ^ a b "Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2012, p.109" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  77. ^ "Aventador sales drive record revenue at Lamborghini". Autoblog. 11 March 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  78. ^ a b "Volkswagen Group Annual Report 2013, p.27" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  79. ^ "Volkswagen Group Annual Report 2014, p.59" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  80. ^ "Audi Annual Report 2014, p.167" (PDF). Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  81. ^ "Volkswagen Group Annual Report 2015, p.27" (PDF). 28 April 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  82. ^ "Audi Annual Report 2015, p.160" (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  83. ^ "Smart Factory – the digital production of the future" (Press release). Audi. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017. 

External links[edit]