Lamborghini Jarama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lamborghini Jarama
Lamborghini Jarama at AutoItalia Brooklands May 2012 1-cropped.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerLamborghini
Production1970–1976
Jarama: 176 units
Jarama S: 152 units
Total: 328 units
AssemblyItaly: Sant'Agata Bolognese
DesignerMarcello Gandini at Bertone
Body and chassis
ClassGrand tourer
Body style2-door 2+2 coupé
LayoutFR layout
RelatedLamborghini Espada
Powertrain
Engine3.9 L (3,929 cc) Lamborghini V12
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,380 mm (94 in)
Length4,485 mm (177 in)
Width1,820 mm (72 in)
Height1,190 mm (47 in)
Kerb weight1,450 kg (3,197 lb) (dry)
Chronology
PredecessorLamborghini Islero

The Lamborghini Jarama (Spanish pronunciation: [xaˈɾama]) is a 2+2 grand tourer manufactured and marketed by Italian car manufacturer Lamborghini between 1970 and 1976. It was styled by Bertone designer Marcello Gandini.

Ferruccio Lamborghini intended the name to recall the fighting bulls bred in Jarama river area in Spain and not the Jarama racing circuit near Madrid.

Ferruccio Lamborghini with a Jarama (left) and a Lamborghini built tractor (right)

History[edit]

In 1970 Lamborghini designed the Islero to meet the demand of the American market. When it came time to replace it, instead of just redesigning the Islero, Lamborghini instead made the Jarama, filling the spot which would have been taken by a second generation of the Islero. Introduced in 1970 at the Geneva Motor Show, Lamborghini built the Jarama to meet U.S. standards using a version of the Espada chassis that had had its wheelbase shortened by 10.7 inches.[1] The Jarama was heavier than the Islero, though it claimed the same top speed of 162 mph. The Jarama is powered by the same 3.9 L (3,929 cc) Lamborghini V12 engine used in the Islero and Espada. The engine was fitted with Six Weber carburetors and sent power to the rear wheels through a 5-speed manual transmission.[2] Two different models were made, the original GT (1970–1973) model which produced 350 bhp (260 kW), and the GTS (also known as Jarama S) (1972–1976) that produced 365 bhp (272 kW).[3] The GTS featured a few minor body modifications including a hood scoop, exhaust vents in the fenders and new wheels. A redesigned dashboard, power assisted steering, removable roof panels, and a Chrysler TorqueFlite automatic transmission also became available as options. Early Jaramas featured magnesium alloy wheels from the Miura. A total of 328 Jaramas were built.

Ferruccio Lamborghini's personal Jarama GTS is on display at the official Lamborghini museum at the company's factory in Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy.

The Iso Lele and the Lamborghini Jarama share similarities in their exterior styling and were both styled by Marcello Gandini.

Jarama Rally[edit]

Lamborghini Jarama Sport and Lamborghini Miura P400 Jota

The Jarama Rally, also known as the Jarama "Bob", is a one-off, race modified Jarama built by Lamborghini's test driver Bob Wallace. It features a modified 3.9-liter V12 engine that was repositioned to sit farther back in the engine bay. This allowed it to achieve a nearly 50/50 weight distribution (the standard Jarama had 53/47 weight distribution). The engine produces 380 hp (280 kW) at 8,000 rpm, 15 hp (11 kW) more than stock, and could reportedly reach a top speed of 270 km/h (167.7 mph) and accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in about 5 seconds. As a race-ready example, Bob Wallace built the car from a bare shell, re-welding it where needed for stiffness and fitting a lightweight steel rear roll cage. He also upgraded the Jarama with a heavily modified aluminum body, which got rid of, amongst other things, the Jarama's hinged headlights and plastic discs, allowing the car to be around 300 kg (660 lb) lighter than stock at an estimated 1,170 kg (2,580 lb). It also featured center locking Miura wheels and low back seats, Koni racing shock absorbers, and a stripped out interior. The orange and black painted vehicle never ended up participating in any races. The car was reportedly restored in the UK in 1990 after being discovered in Saudi Arabia.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lamborghini Sports Cars". HowStuffWorks. 2007-05-31. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  2. ^ "RM Sotheby's - r138 1970 Lamborghini Jarama 400 GT by Bertone". RM Sotheby's. 2017-07-19. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  3. ^ "The Lamborghini Jarama Is the Weirdest-Looking Lamborghini - Autotrader". Autotrader. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  4. ^ G.D. "Jarama Registry". www.jaramaregistry.com. Retrieved 2018-05-11.

External links[edit]