Lamech (father of Noah)

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Lamech
Spouse(s) Betenos
Children Noah, and other sons and daughters
Parent(s) Methuselah

Lamech (/ˈlmɪk/;[1] Hebrew: לֶמֶךְ‎‎ Lemeḵ) was a patriarch in the genealogies of Adam in the Book of Genesis.

According to Christianity he is part of the genealogy of Jesus in Luke 3:36.[2]

Additionally, Lamech (Arabic: Lamk) is also mentioned in Islam in the various collections of tales of the pre-Islamic prophets, which mentions him in an identical manner. Furthermore, early Islamic historians like Ibn Ishaq and Ibn Hisham always included his name in the genealogy of the Prophet Muhammad.[3]

Bible narrative[edit]

28 And Lamech lived a hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:
29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This [same] shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed.
30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:
31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.
Genesis 5:28–31 KJV

Family[edit]

Lamech is the eighth generation descendant of Adam (Genesis 5:25), the son of Methuselah and the father of Noah (Genesis 5:29), in the genealogy of Seth in Genesis 5. In Genesis 5:12-25, Lamech was a son of Methuselah who was a grandson of Jared who was a grandson of Kenan descended from Adam.

Genesis 5:28-31 records that Lamech was 182[4] years old at the birth of Noah and lived for another 595[5] years, attaining an age at death of 777[6] years, five years before the Flood in the Masoretic chronology. With such numbers in this genealogical account, Adam would still have been alive for about the first 56 years of Lamech's life.

Prophetic naming[edit]

When Lamech named his son Noah, he prophesied: "This [same] shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed." (Genesis 5:29) The people were cumbered with the toil of cultivating a ground that had been cursed in Genesis 3:17, and they hoped for relief through Noah. Albert Barnes noted: "In stating the reason of the name, they employ a word which is connected with it only by a second remove. נוּח nûach and נחם nācham are stems not immediately connected; but they both point back to a common root נח (n-ch) signifying 'to sigh, to breathe, to rest, to lie down.'"[7] At Noah's sacrifice in the new world after the flood, the LORD said, "I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done."[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lamech
  2. ^ Luke 3:36
  3. ^ Ibn Ishāq, Sīrat Rasūl Allāh, tr. A. Guillaume (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 3
  4. ^ 182 according to the Masoretic Text; 188 according to the Septuagint. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, pp. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014.
  5. ^ 595 according to the Masoretic Text; 565 according to the Septuagint. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, pp. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014.
  6. ^ 777 according to the Masoretic Text; 753 according to the Septuagint. Larsson, Gerhard. “The Chronology of the Pentateuch: A Comparison of the MT and LXX.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 102, no. 3, 1983, pp. 402. www.jstor.org/stable/3261014.
  7. ^ Barnes' notes – Genesis 5:29
  8. ^ Genesis 8:20–21