Lameroo, South Australia

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Lameroo
South Australia
Lameroo Catholic Church in the Murray Mallee South Australia. (7524841078).jpg
Lameroo Catholic Church
Lameroo is located in South Australia
Lameroo
Lameroo
Coordinates 35°19′52″S 140°30′57″E / 35.331247°S 140.515932°E / -35.331247; 140.515932Coordinates: 35°19′52″S 140°30′57″E / 35.331247°S 140.515932°E / -35.331247; 140.515932[1]
Population
Established 17 November 1904 (town)
2 August 1999 (locality)[1][4][5]
Postcode(s) 5302
Elevation 98 m (322 ft)(railway station) [6]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST) ACST (UTC+10:30)
Location
  • 40 km (25 mi) W of Victorian Border
  • 210 km (130 mi) E of Adelaide
LGA(s) Southern Mallee District Council[1]
Region Murray and Mallee[1]
County Chandos[1]
State electorate(s) Hammond[7]
Federal Division(s) Barker[8]
Mean max temp[9] Mean min temp[9] Annual rainfall[9]
22.9 °C
73 °F
8.8 °C
48 °F
382.3 mm
15.1 in
Localities around Lameroo:
Marama Sandalwood
Billiatt
Karte
Parrakie Lameroo Karte
Parilla
Parrakie Ngarkat Ngarkat
Footnotes Adjoining localities[10]

Lameroo is a town in the Murray Mallee region of South Australia. It is on the Mallee Highway and Pinnaroo railway line about 40 km west of the Victorian border, or 210 km east of Adelaide. It is primarily a service town for the surrounding rural areas, growing grain and sheep. Lameroo now includes the former settlements of Kulkami, Mulpata, Wirha and Gurrai, which were on the Peebinga railway line, and Wilkawatt, which was between Parrakie and Lameroo on the Pinnaroo railway.[11][12][13][14][15]

At the 2016 census, the locality of Lameroo had a population of 852 of which 562 lived in and around its town centre.[2][3] The local school, the Lameroo Regional Community School is the school not only for Lameroo youth, but also surrounding towns Geranium, Parrakie and Parilla.[16] The town is home to the Lameroo Hawks Football Club, coached by former Adelaide Crows player Rodney Maynard.[17][18]

History[edit]

Melanoma Awareness Day conducted by the Australian Melanoma Research Foundation in 2016.

Land in the Murray Mallee region was first taken up on pastoral lease in the late 1850s. For the first twenty years there were several lessees; the area had limited grazing during this time. After a well was dug at Lameroo, then known as Wow Wow Plain, in 1884, settlement on Wow Wow Plain became permanent. The land was surveyed in 1894, and the initial survey of Wow Wow Plain gave each block some natural open land to start cultivating. The town reserve was proclaimed in 1894 and a Government well was excavated.

The town was named Lameroo in 1904 at the suggestion of J.M. Johnston who had worked on the Overland Telegraph Line and heard the word in Darwin (as the name of the Lameroo Beach) and liked the sound of it.[10]

Much of the land that became the District Council of Lameroo (now the western part of the Southern Mallee District Council) was released for pastoral ownership in about 1858.

Lameroo celebrated its centenary in 2006, it being 100 years since the railway line was built through Lameroo.

The historic former Bank Manager's Residence and the Irish Martyrs Catholic Church are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.[19][20]

The Pinnaroo railway line opened through Lameroo in 1906. It initially carried mixed goods, as well as passengers. In later years, only bulk grain was transported on the line, with trains emptying the silos at Lameroo. After mid-2015, the railway ceased to be used, and the 2015 harvest onwards would be transported away by road.[21]

Media[edit]

Lameroo was the home of the Pinnaroo Country News (5 June 1908 - 31 March 1922),[22] which was the first country newspaper established by newspaperman James Barclay, in partnership with William Macfarlane.[23] After 1911, it suffered due to the arrival of the Pinnaroo and Border Times (1911-1941).

Lameroo was also home to two short-lived publications: the Lameroo Weekly News (9 - 30 June 1922), printed by Chas. Laycock;[24] and, the Lameroo Mail (11 - 18 February 1927), printed by G.W. Veale.[25]

Attractions[edit]

Lameroo is sandwiched between the Billiatt Wilderness Protection Area to the north, and the Ngarkat Conservation Park to the south. Both protected areas are reserves for bushwalkers and nature enthusiasts. In spring, native Australian wildflowers abound in the Ngarkat, while the Billiatt offers native fauna such as kangaroos and mallee fowl.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Search results for 'Lameroo, LOCB' with the following datasets being selected - 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Government Towns', 'Counties', 'Local Government Areas', 'SA Government Regions' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lameroo (locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 May 2018.  Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lameroo (urban centre)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 May 2018.  Edit this at Wikidata
  4. ^ Jenkins, J.G. (17 November 1904). "TOWNS OF PINNAROO AND LAMEROO" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. Government of South Australia: 919–920. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Lawson, Robert (12 August 1999). "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991 Notice to Assign Boundaries to Places (in the Southern Mallee District Council)" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian Government. p. 766. Retrieved 4 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "Search results for 'Lameroo Railway Station' with the following datasets being selected - 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Government Towns' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 5 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "District of Hammond (map)". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 4 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "Federal electoral division of Barker, boundary gazetted 16 December 2011" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c "Summary (climate) statistics LAMEROO (nearest weather station)". Commonwealth of Australia, Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 May 2018. 
  10. ^ a b "Search result for "Lameroo (Locality Bounded)" (Record no SA0004944) with the following layers selected = "Suburbs and Localities" and "Government Towns"". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "Search result(s) for Kulkami, Gtwn". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Search result(s) for Mulpata, Gtwn". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Search result(s) for Wirha, Locu". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  14. ^ "Search result(s) for Gurrai, Locu". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  15. ^ "Search result(s) for Wilkawatt, Locu". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  16. ^ "Welcome to Lameroo Regional Community School". Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  17. ^ "Lameroo Hawks Football Club". Fox Sports Pulse. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  18. ^ "Tragedy inspires ex-Crow Rodney Maynard's road safety plea". The Advertiser. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  19. ^ "Former Bank Manager's Residence". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  20. ^ "Irish Martyrs Catholic Church". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  21. ^ Strathearn, Peri (21 May 2015). "End of line for Murraylands, Mallee grain trains". The Murray Valley Standard. Fairfax Regional Media. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 
  22. ^ "Pinnaroo Country News (Lameroo, SA : 1908 - 1922)". Trove. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  23. ^ Laube, Anthony. "LibGuides: SA Newspapers: O-R". guides.slsa.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  24. ^ The Lameroo weekly news [newspaper: microform]. Lameroo, S. Aust: Chas. Laycock. 1922. 
  25. ^ The Lameroo mail [newspaper: microform]. Lameroo, S. Aust: G.W. Veale. 1927. 

External links[edit]