Lamington, New Jersey
|Lamington, New Jersey|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||877657|
Lamington is an unincorporated community located within Bedminster Township, in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. It contains the Lamington Presbyterian Church Cemetery and the Lamington Black Cemetery.
"Lamington" is a corruption of the Native American word for the nearby stream, the "Allemetunck" or the "Loamatong". Its name means "the place within the hills" or "the place of paint clay." There are 113 recorded variations on the spelling of Lamington, including "Alamatunk," "Lametunk" and "Lamberton."
The Lamington Presbyterian Church was constructed in 1740. Church membership included Scots-Irish Presbyterians, Dutch and German settlers, tenant-farmers, large and small landowners, lawyers, teachers, millers, weavers, tailors, other craftsmen and workmen, slaves and freed blacks.
National Register of Historic Places
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lamington include:
- Joseph Caldwell (1773–1835), first President of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- John Honeyman (1729–1822), alleged "spy of Washington" during the American Revolutionary War lived the last 30 years of his life in the Lamington area and is buried in the Lamington Presbyterian Church Cemetery (his original gravestone, as well as a document showing his assigned church pew, is exhibited inside the church building).
- Zebulon Pike (1779-1813), brigadier general and early explorer who was the namesake for Pikes Peak, though the explorer is often erroneously said to have been born in Lamberton, a port community that has since been annexed by Trenton in Mercer County.
- John Van Dyke (1807–1878), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1847 to 1851.
- James Linn (1749–1821), a United States Representative from New Jersey who was a member of the Provincial Congress of New Jersey in 1776, served in the Somerset County Militia during the Revolutionary War and is buried in the Lamington Presbyterian Church Cemetery.
- Landers, R. Gloria. Pioneers, Pastors and Patriots: The 250-Year History of Lamington Presbyterian Church. (Bedminster, New Jersey: Lamington Presbyterian Church, 1990), p. 9 and front end paper.
- Landers, p. 12.
- New Jersey - Somerset County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed December 21, 2012.
- Powell, William S. Joseph Caldwell, 1773-1835, Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press, 1996. Accessed June 9, 2014. "Caldwell, Joseph (21 Apr. 1773-27 Jan. 1835), mathematician, Presbyterian minister, and first president of The University of North Carolina, was born at Lamington, N.J., in northeastern Hunterdon County, the youngest of three children of Joseph and Rachel Harker Caldwell."
- Backes, William J.. "General Zebulon M. Pike, Somerset-Born" in Somerset County Historical Quarterly, Volume 8, p. 245. Somerset Historical Publications, Reprint Publishers, 1919. Accessed January, 17, 2015. "If one will pick up almost any encyclopedia or biography he will find it stated that General Pike was born at 'Lamberton, now part of Trenton, New Jersey, January 5, 1779.' But this name has been confused with his real birthplace, which was not at Lamberton in Mercer County, but at Lamberton (now Lamington) in Somerset County."
- Washington Irving, “Biographical Memoir of the Late Brigadier General Zebulon Montgomery Pike,” The Analectic Magazine Volume 4 (November, 1814): 380.
- Baldwin, Tom. "Where did Pike peak? Colo. explorer got start in New Jersey", Courier-Post, August 25, 2008. Accessed January 17, 2015. "Nineteenth century Jersey explorer Zebulon Pike was born in Lamberton, now a part of south Trenton, but gave his name to Colorado's 14,000-foot Pikes Peak."
- John Van Dyke, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 1, 2007.
- James Linn, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 21, 2012.