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Lamprophis capensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Lamprophiidae
Subfamily: Lamprophiinae
Fitzinger, 1843

12, see text

Lamprophiinae is a subfamily of lamprophiid snakes, a large group of mostly African snakes most of which were formerly classified as colubrids but which we now know are actually more closely related to elapids.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Lamprophiine snakes are small to medium-sized snakes, several of which use constriction to subdue their prey. In general we know little about their ecology in the wild.

The best-known lamprophiines are probably the genera Boaedon and Lamprophis, commonly known as "house snakes". Several species are popular in the pet trade.

Chamaelycus and Dendrolycus are the most poorly known genera.[7]


There are currently 78 species in 12 genera placed in Lamprophiinae.[8]


  1. ^ Pyron RA, Burbrink FT, Colli GR, Montes de Oca AN, Vitt LJ, Kuczynski CA, Wiens JJ. 2010. The phylogeny of advanced snakes (Colubroidea), with discovery of a new subfamily and comparison of support methods for likelihood trees. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 329–342. Archived 2013-12-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Pyron, R. A.; Burbrink, F.; Wiens, J. J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 13: 93. 
  3. ^ Streicher, J. W.; Ruane, S. (2018). "Phylogenomics of Snakes". eLS. doi:10.1002/9780470015902.a0027476. 
  4. ^ Figueroa, A.; McKelvy, A. D.; Grismer, L. L.; Bell, C. D.; Lailvaux, S. P. (2016). "A species-level phylogeny of extant snakes with description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus". PLoS ONE. 11: e0161070. 
  5. ^ Zheng, Y; Wiens, JJ (2016). "Combining phylogenomic and supermatrix approaches, and a time-calibrated phylogeny for squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) based on 52 genes and 4162 species" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 94: 537–547. 
  6. ^ Kelly, C. M. R.; Branch, W. R.; Broadley, D. G.; Barker, N. P.; Villet, M. H. (2011). "Molecular systematics of the African snake family Lamprophiidae Fitzinger, 1843 (Serpentes: Elapoidea), with particular focus on the genera Lamprophis Fitzinger 1843 and Mehelya Csiki 1903" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58: 415–426. 
  7. ^ de Witte, G. F. (1963). "The colubrid snake genera Chamaelycus Boulenger and Oophilositum Parker". Copeia. 1963: 634–636. JSTOR 1440964. 
  8. ^ "Lamprophiinae". Reptile Database. Retrieved 22 May 2018.