Lanao del Sur
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2014)|
|Lanao del Sur|
Location in the Philippines
|Region||Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)|
|• Governor||Mamintal Alonto Adiong Jr. (Liberal Party)|
|• Vice Governor||Arsad Marohombsar (Liberal Party)|
|• Total||13,494.37 km2 (5,210.21 sq mi)|
|Area rank||33rd out of 81|
|Population (1 May 2010)|
|• Rank||27th out of 81|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||34th out of 81|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||1|
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Lanao del Sur|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||9300 to 9321; 9700 to 9716|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-LAS|
|Spoken languages||Maranao, Cebuano, Filipino|
Lanao del Sur (Filipino: Timog Lanao), officially the Province of Lanao del Sur (Filipino: Lalawigan ng Lanao del Sur), is a province in the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The capital is the city of Marawi, and it borders Lanao del Norte to the north, Bukidnon to the east, and Maguindanao and Cotabato to the south. To the southwest lies Illana Bay, an arm of the Moro Gulf.
Situated in the interior of Lanao del Sur is Lanao Lake, the largest in Mindanao. The Darangen Epic Chants of the Maranao of Lanao del Sur is inscribed as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage since 2008.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Attractions
- 7 Schools/universities
- 8 Hospitals
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Sultanate of Lanao
During the Pre-Spanish time, there are 4 important boundaries hold the power of appointing a new sultan namely: Bakayawan, Dalama, Madamba and Sawer. In appointing a new sultan the permission of these four boundaries are needed to validate the new sultan appointed to his position.
World War II
In 1942, it was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Forces who landed in Southern Lanao. On May 2, 1942, the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Jose Abad Santos was killed by the Japanese Imperial forces in a firing squad at Malabang, Lanao del Sur. In 1945, the first of the liberation forces landed in Southern Lanao and liberated the area with United States, Philippine Commonwealth troops together with the Maranao guerrilla units. They used infantry weapons, the Maranao Kris, Barong and Kampilan swords against the Japanese forces in the Battle of Lanao. In 1956, Republic Act No. 1552 changed the name Dansalan to Marawi, taken from the word "rawi", referring to the reclining lilies abundant in the Agus River.
In 1959, Lanao was divided into two provinces, Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur, under Republic Act No. 2228. Marawi was designated as the capital of Lanao del Sur. The city was renamed the "Islamic City of Marawi" in 1980, and is currently the Philippines' only city having a predominantly Muslim population.
Proposed Maranaw province
In 1971, Republic Act No. 6406, which sought to create a new province out of eastern Lanao del Sur (now corresponding to the province's first congressional district), was approved on October 4, 1971. The province was to consist of the municipalities of Bubong, Ditsaan-Ramain (including what is now Buadiposo-Buntong), Kapai, Lumba-Bayabao (including what is now Maguing), Marantao, Masiu, Mulondo, Saguiaran, Piagapo, Poona Bayabao, Tamparan, Taraka and Wao (including what is now Bumbaran), with the chartered city of Marawi serving as the new provincial capital. The division never took place due to the declaration of Martial law in the Philippines on September 21, 1972, which disrupted the elections for 1973.
Joining the ARMM
In a 1989 plebiscite, Lanao del Sur voted to join the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), but Marawi City elected to remain outside ARMM. It later joined ARMM in 2001 following the plebiscite that sought to expand the autonomous region.
Lanao del Sur forms the western portion of Northern Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by Lanao del Norte, on the east by Bukidnon, on the west by Illana Bay, and on the south by Maguindanao and Cotabato. The landscape is dominated by rolling hills and valleys, placid lakes and rivers.
The climate in the province is characterized by even distribution of rainfall throughout the year, without a distinct summer season. The province is located outside the typhoon belt.
The politics in the province was dominated by few and prestigious families. But only two (2) families have brought big influence in the province the Datumulok-Dimaporo and Alonto-Adiong families. Both families have produced Governors, Congressmen, Board Members and Mayors, they were considered the most unforgettable political family in the province. The Datumulok-Dimaporos came from a small yet progressive town of Binidayan, Governor Sultan Ali Dimaporo became Governor of the province nominating by late Governor General Mamarinta B. Lao AFP, with the help of his siblings and cousin, Congressman Datu Macacuna Dimaporo, Mayor Sultan Naga Dimaporo of SND and Mayor Sultan Muliloda Datumulok of Binidayan. They once dominated the politics of Lanao. The Family was very known to be an ally of Former President Ferdinand Marcos, they've produced some influential leaders in Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur some of them were Congerssman Abdullah Dimaporo of Lanao del Norte, Governor Khalid Dimaporo, Congresswoman Imelda Dimaporo, Former Mayor Motalib Dimaporo of SND, Mayor Eleanor Dimaporo-Lantud, Former Mayor Raida Dimaporo-Papandayan of Tubaran, Former Mayor Abdul Rashid Dimaporo of Magsaysay, Former Board Member Danny Dimaporo, Former Assemblyman Ismael Camid, Former Mayor Punudarano Datumulok of Binidayan, Former Mayor Anwar Datumulok of Pagayawan, Secretary Dimnatang Radia of CDA-ARMM, Former Mayor Halim Datumulok, Former Mayor Sarip Datumulok, Former Mayor Misbak Datumulok and Colaw Datumulok.
On the other hand, the Alonto-Adiong, came from Ramain was headed by Senator Alauya Alonto Adiong with help of his family members, like Mayor Birua Alonto of Marawi had produced Senator, Governors and Congressmen. Upon the Death of Senator Sultan Alauya Alonto, His son, Senator Ahmad Domocao Alonto lead his family with Governor Abdul Ghaffur Alonto they successfully controlled the politics in Lanao del Sur and also produced influential leaders in the province: Governor Princess Tarhata Alonto-Lucman, Congressman Rashid Lucman Governor Mamintal Adiong, Former ARMM-RLA Speaker Abul Khayr Alonto, Former Vice Governor Normala Alonto Lucman, Governor Mamintal Alonto Adiong Jr., Late Mayor Lacsasa Adiong of Ditsaan-Ramain, Congressman Pangalian M.Balindong, Mayor Jamal Alonto of Bubong, Congressman Ansaruddin Alonto Adiong, Former Mayor Ricky Alonto Mamainte of Bayang, Assemblyman Zia Alonto Adiong, Assemblyman Yasser Alonto Balindong, Mayor Ali Adiong of Ditsaan-Ramain, Board Member Alexander G. Alonto, Jr.,Board Member Abdulrashid Alonto Balindong and ARMM Regional Vice-Governor Haroun Al-Rashid Alonto Lucman.
|Population census of
Lanao del Sur
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The people of Lanao del Sur are predominantly practitioners of Islam (92%), majority of them are Sunnites, with a minority of Christians (mostly Roman Catholics, 5%) and most of them are Cebuanos and Chabacanos. Roman Catholics of Lanao del Sur fall under the jurisdiction of Territorial Prelature of Marawi, a suffragan of Archdiocese of Ozamiz.
Points of interest in the province include:
- Lakes and waterfalls
- 3 Islets in Lake Dapao (Danogan lake)
- Abaga falls (small falls) located in Pinaring, Lumbatan
- Agus River, the swiftest river the country
- Bagang Beach, Caloocan Marawi City
- Cascading falls located in Wato
- Lake Butig
- Lake Dapao
- Lake Lanao
- Lake Uya an located in upper Madamba
- Matalin falls located in Malabang
- Matling (Kabobolodtowa) located in Kalipapa, Lumbaca Unayan
- Tapukan falls located in Ramain
- National parks
- Pantawaraya National Park
- Rungkungan National Park
- Sacred Mountain National Park
- Salikata National Park
- Olowa bita National Park located in Unayan, Province of Sultan Mardan (Lanao del Sur district II)
- Museums and historic structures
- Aga Khan Museum
- First Dansalan Town Hall
- Dansalan Market (natively known as Padian)
- Torogan (of Tuka)
- Tuwaka Laput (all kinds of native product e.g. Bruwa, Tamokunzi, Amik, Dudol, Tiyathug)
- Mosques/Islamic buildings
- Abu Bakar Mosque (largest mosque in Lanao del Sur)
- Darul aman Masjid-Kadinguilan, Marawi
- Islamic Center of the Philippines (the country's largest dome)
- King Faisal Mosque
- Ma'had Mindanao al arabi al Islamie, Matampay (Co-founder al Shiek Achmad Basher and Shiek Abdul Madjid Manalocon (Cali sa Macadar))
- Masjid Bilal (Lumpanag Kadingilan, Marawi)
- Saduc-Guimba Grand Mosque in Marawi City
- Tallest Minarets of Marawi
- Leisure parks
- Ayala Resort Hotel
- Lanao Library
- Lanao People's Park
- Maliwanag Compound, LASURECO, Inc.
- MSU Golf Course
- Piagapo firing line
- 0 Kilometer zone (the reference point of all roads in Mindanao)
- Pantar Bridge, American built Steel Trusses Bridge
- Provincial Welcome Arc located in Saguiaran
Musical and dance heritage
The native Meranau of Lanao del Sur have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.
- Meranau native culture
- Sipa sa Mangguis
- Kambulang sa Kuda (Fighting Horses)
- Kandama (Meranau cheez)
- Kaphaso (Racing Horse)
- Dansalan College
- Gandamatu Private Hospital Located in Macadar (Patka Apo)
- Lanao Agricultural College (LAC) Located in Lumbatan, Lanao del Sur
- Mindanao State University (Main Campus)
- Amai Pakpak Medical Center
- Former Libyan Hospital
- Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Department of Agriculture: Lanao del Sur (There are major discrepancies among authoritative sources: 4121.3 km² (NAMRIA); 1,349,437 ha (NSCB, this value seems unreasonable and must be assumed as erroneous, see Talk:Lanao del Sur#Area))
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 2005. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Lanao del Sur". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. pp. 94–95. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- "Republic Act No. 1552 - An Act to Amend the Charter of the City of Dansalan So as to Change Its Name to Marawi and Make Elective Its Mayor, Vice-mayor and Councilors, and for Other Purposes". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- "Republic Act No. 2228 - An Act to Create the Provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- "Republic Act No. 6406 - An Act Dividing the Province of Lanao del Sur into the Province of Maranaw and Lanao del Sur". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- "Province: Lanao del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lanao del Sur.|
- Geographic data related to Lanao del Sur at OpenStreetMap
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Lanao del Norte|
|Lanao del Norte||Bukidnon|
|Illana Bay (Moro Gulf)||Maguindanao||Cotabato|