Lanaria

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Lanaria
Lanaria lanata06.jpg
Lanaria lanata01.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Lanariaceae
H.Huber ex. R.Dahlgren & A.E.van Wyk[2]
Genus: Lanaria
Aiton[1]
Species: L. lanata
Binomial name
Lanaria lanata
(L.) T.Durand & Schinz[3]
Map-Lanariaceae.PNG
Distribution map
Synonyms
Genus[1]
  • Argolasia Juss.
Species[3]
  • Hyacinthus lanatus L.
  • Argolasia lanata (L.) Lam. ex Poir.
  • Dilatris hexandra Lam.
  • Lanaria plumosa Aiton
  • Argolasia capensis J.F.Gmel.
  • Argolasia plumosa (Aiton) Juss.

Lanaria is a monotypic genus of flowering plants containing a single species, Lanaria lanata, endemic to the southern coast of South Africa where it is associated with the fynbos belt.[4][5][6] Lanaria lanata is commonly known as Cape edelweiss or lambtails. The genus is placed in the monotypic family Lanariaceae,[1] a family only recently recognized by taxonomists. The APG IV system of 2016 (unchanged from the 1998, the 2003 and 2009 versions) does recognize this family.[7][2]

This species occurs on clay and sandstone soils throughout its distribution range. The stiff, ribbed leaves arise from a woody rootstock and are evergreen, channelled, and finely serrate along the margins. The densely woolly, white heads enclose mauve flowers and are peculiar to the species. Flowering is profuse following fires.

Etymology[edit]

Both 'lanaria' and 'lanata' are derived from 'lana', Latin for 'wool'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Lanaria". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  2. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. ISSN 0024-4074. 
  3. ^ a b "Lanaria lanata". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  4. ^ 'Plants of the World: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Vascular Plants'- Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Michael F. Fay, Mark W. Chase
  5. ^ Millington, Andrew; Blumler, Mark; Schickhoff, Udo (2011), The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography, SAGE Publications, pp. 143–, ISBN 978-1-4462-5445-5, retrieved 2013-08-07, The Cape Floristic Region in South Africa is comparatively rich in endemic flowering-plant families. Five families of angiosperms (Penaeaceae, Roridulaceae, Geissolomataceae, Grubbiaceae, and Lanariaceae) are endemic to that region ... 
  6. ^ http://redlist.sanbi.org/species.php?species=4112-1
  7. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 

External links[edit]