Lanark, Illinois

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Lanark
City
Historic commercial buildings in Lanark's business district
Historic commercial buildings in Lanark's business district
Nickname(s): Tree City U.S.A.
Location of Lanark in Carroll County, Illinois.
Location of Lanark in Carroll County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 42°06′08″N 89°50′00″W / 42.10222°N 89.83333°W / 42.10222; -89.83333Coordinates: 42°06′08″N 89°50′00″W / 42.10222°N 89.83333°W / 42.10222; -89.83333
Country United States
State Illinois
County Carroll
Founded 1861
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Kenneth Viglietta
Area[1]
 • Total 1.13 sq mi (2.91 km2)
 • Land 1.13 sq mi (2.91 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation[2] 879 ft (268 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,457
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 1,363
 • Density 1,211.56/sq mi (467.80/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code(s) 61046
Area code(s) 815
FIPS code 17-41859
Wikimedia Commons Lanark, Illinois
Website http://www.lanarkil.com/

Lanark is a city in Carroll County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,457 at the 2010 census, down from 1,584 at the 2000 census. The city was named after Lanark, in Scotland.[4]

History[edit]

Under the auspices of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, Daniel W. Dame purchased 500 acres (200 ha), laid out the city of Lanark, and was elected its first mayor in 1861. In 1886, 40 residents each donated one dollar to form a public library, and a primary and secondary school was completed in August 1867. On November 25, 1893, the original school was destroyed by fire.[5]

Early in the Twentieth Century, Lanark was home to the Cotta steam car company.[6]

In 1986 Lanark High School was consolidated with nearby Shannon High School to form the Eastland School District. The high school and grade school were originally located in Lanark, with the middle school in Shannon. After the end of the 2012-2013 school year, the Eastland School Board made the decision to close the Elementary building in Lanark, and move those students to the Shannon building. The Middle School students were then relocated to the High School building in Lanark, now known as the Eastland Jr/Sr High School.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 972
1880 1,198 23.3%
1890 1,295 8.1%
1900 1,306 0.8%
1910 1,175 −10.0%
1920 1,297 10.4%
1930 1,208 −6.9%
1940 1,292 7.0%
1950 1,359 5.2%
1960 1,473 8.4%
1970 1,495 1.5%
1980 1,483 −0.8%
1990 1,382 −6.8%
2000 1,584 14.6%
2010 1,457 −8.0%
Est. 2016 1,363 [3] −6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,584 people, 644 households, and 441 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,525.7 people per square mile (588.1/km²). There were 693 housing units at an average density of 667.5 per square mile (257.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.10% White, 0.06% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.

There were 645 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.96.

The average age of residents is spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,500, and the median income for a family was $45,800. Males had a median income of $31,705 versus $21,576 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,518. About 5.6% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Lanark is located at 42°6′5″N 89°49′56″W / 42.10139°N 89.83222°W / 42.10139; -89.83222 (42.101346, -89.832120).[9]

According to the 2010 census, Lanark has a total area of 1.12 square miles (2.90 km2), all land.[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lanark, Illinois
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 28
(−2)
36
(2)
46
(8)
61
(16)
72
(22)
82
(28)
84
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
64
(18)
46
(8)
34
(1)
59.2
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C) 7
(−14)
12
(−11)
25
(−4)
36
(2)
46
(8)
54
(12)
59
(15)
55
(13)
46
(8)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
14
(−10)
34.8
(1.5)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.429
(36.3)
1.52
(38.6)
2.63
(66.8)
3.669
(93.2)
4.339
(110.2)
4.772
(121.2)
3.831
(97.3)
4.539
(115.3)
3.48
(88.4)
2.728
(69.3)
2.839
(72.1)
2.02
(51.3)
37.796
(960)
Source: weather.com[11]

Education[edit]

Lanark is a part of Eastland Community Unit School District #308, which also includes Shannon, IL. Lanark and Shannon are the home of the Eastland Cougars.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017. 
  2. ^ "USGS detail on Newtown". Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 180. 
  5. ^ http://www.illinoishsglorydays.com/id67.html
  6. ^ Georgano, G.N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985).
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Lanark, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]