Lancair Evolution

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Lancair Evolution
LancairEvolution.jpg
Role Kit aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Lancair
Evolution Aircraft
First flight 21 March 2008
Introduction July 2009
Status Kits in production since July 2008
Number built 1 piston Evolution (2011)[1]
+70 turbine Evolutions (Sep 2016)[2]
Unit cost
US$1.0M (completed turbine-powered aircraft, 2015)[3]

The Lancair Evolution is an American pressurized, low wing, four-place, single engine light aircraft, made from carbon fiber composite, developed by Lancair and currently available as an amateur-built kit from Evolution Aircraft.[1][4][5][6]

The Evolution can be powered by a Lycoming TEO-540-A piston engine or a Pratt & Whitney PT6-135A turboprop powerplant.[1][4][5][7][8]

Development[edit]

The Evolution was designed to meet the same FAR Part 23 aircraft certification standards that type certified aircraft comply with. The kit includes energy absorbing seats.[4]

The aircraft is pressurized and was designed for a 6.5 psi (0.45 bar) differential pressure, giving an 8,000 ft (2,438 m) cabin pressure at its maximum altitude of 28,000 ft (8,534 m).[9]

The turbine version of the Evolution is powered by the 750 hp (559 kW) Pratt & Whitney PT6A-135A and has a maximum cruise of 300 kn (556 km/h) at 25,000 ft (7,620 m) on a fuel burn of 39 US gal (148 l) per hour of Jet-A. Cruising at an economy cruise of 270 kn (500 km/h) at 28,000 ft (8,534 m) it burns 23 US gal (87 l) per hour. It has a full-fuel payload of 837 lb (380 kg) and a 61 kn (113 km/h) flaps-down stall speed.[8]

The piston version is powered by a Lycoming TEO-540-A2A engine and has a maximum cruising speed of 270 kn (500 km/h) on a fuel burn of 22 US gal (83 l) per hour of avgas. At an economy cruise speed of 240 kn (444 km/h) the fuel flow is 17.5 US gal (66 l) per hour. It has a full-fuel payload of 773 lb (351 kg) and a 61 kn (113 km/h) flaps-down stall speed.[7] A second piston variant was introduced in April 2016, powered by a Lycoming iE2 engine of 350 hp (261 kW).[10]

The first customer kit was delivered on 22 July 2008 and production was planned at that time for two kits per month.[11] By December 2011 one piston model and 15 turbine models had been completed and flown. Construction time from the supplied kit is estimated as 1000 hours.[1]

In April 2017 the manufacturer announced new turboprop engine options for the design. The Evolution Turbine can be fitted with three different variants of the Pratt & Whitney PT6 turboprop powerplant producing 550 hp (410 kW), 750 hp (559 kW) and 867 hp (647 kW), respectively. The latter version cruises at 330 kn (611 km/h).[12]

Specifications (Evolution with PT6)[edit]

Evolution instrument panel

Data from Lancair and Kitplanes[1][8][13]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: three passengers
  • Length: 30 ft (9.1 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft (11 m)
  • Height: 10 ft (3.0 m)
  • Wing area: 132 sq ft (12.3 m2)
  • Empty weight: 2,350 lb (1,066 kg)
  • Gross weight: 4,350 lb (1,973 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 168 U.S. gallons (640 L; 140 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney PT6A-135A turboprop aircraft engine, 750 hp (560 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 219 mph; 352 km/h (190 kn) maximum cruise speed (indicated airspeed)
  • Cruise speed: 345 mph; 556 km/h (300 kn) true airspeed
  • Stall speed: 70 mph; 113 km/h (61 kn) flaps down
  • Never exceed speed: 295 mph; 474 km/h (256 kn) indicated airspeed
  • Range: 1,304 mi; 2,098 km (1,133 nmi) at maximum cruise speed
  • Service ceiling: 28,000 ft (8,500 m) limited by RVSM
  • Rate of climb: 4,000 ft/min (20 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 33.0 lb/sq ft (161 kg/m2)

Related Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Vandermeullen, Richard: 2012 Kit Aircraft Buyer's Guide, Kitplanes, Volume 28, Number 12, December 2011, page 58. Belvoir Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  2. ^ "Evolution presentation". evolutionaircraft. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  3. ^ Tacke, Willi; Marino Boric; et al: World Directory of Light Aviation 2015-16, page 113. Flying Pages Europe SARL, 2015. ISSN 1368-485X
  4. ^ a b c Lancair International (2012). "Performance Evolved..." Retrieved 20 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Bayerl, Robby; Martin Berkemeier; et al: World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2011-12, page 106. WDLA UK, Lancaster UK, 2011. ISSN 1368-485X
  6. ^ Grady, Mary (14 February 2017). "Lancair Brand Under New Ownership". AVweb. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  7. ^ a b Lancair International (2012). "Evolution Piston Specs". Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Lancair International (2012). "Evolution Turbine Specs". Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Lancair International (April 2009). "LANCAIR'S EVOLUTION AIRCRAFT COMPLETES A MAJOR TESTING PHASE with FLYING COLORS". Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  10. ^ "Lancair Debuts Piston Evolution". AVweb. Retrieved 8 April 2016. 
  11. ^ Lancair International (July 2008). "First Evolution Kit Delivered". Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  12. ^ Rapoport, Geoff (28 April 2017). "Evolution Adds Two More PT6 Options". AVweb. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  13. ^ Editors (March 2014), Pilot's Operating Handbook and Airplane Flight Manual (PDF), Evolution, Redmond, Oregon: Lancair International, Inc., retrieved 2015-09-06 

External links[edit]