Lancaster County, Virginia

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Lancaster County, Virginia
CentralLancasterVA.jpg
Central Lancaster, the county seat, with the county courthouse visible
Map of Virginia highlighting Lancaster County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded1651
SeatLancaster
Largest townKilmarnock
Area
 • Total231 sq mi (598 km2)
 • Land133 sq mi (344 km2)
 • Water98 sq mi (254 km2), 42.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2015)10,965
 • Density90/sq mi (34/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.lancova.com

Lancaster County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,391.[1] Its county seat is Lancaster.[2]

Located on the Northern Neck near the mouth of the Rappahannock River, Lancaster County is part of the Northern Neck George Washington Birthplace wine-growing region recognized by the United States as an American Viticultural Area. Lancaster County is the most densely populated county in the Northern Neck. The largest town in Lancaster County is Kilmarnock, Virginia. The county's area code is '804'.

History[edit]

The historic church of St. Mary's, Whitechapel, in Lancaster County, St. Mary's parish was the birthplace of Mary Ball Washington, mother of George Washington

Lancaster County was established in 1651 from Northumberland and York counties. It was home to Robert King Carter in the 18th century, and remaining buildings from that time include Christ Church and St. Mary's, Whitechapel. Other historic attractions open to the public include the Lancaster Courthouse Historic District including the Mary Ball Washington Museum and Library, Belle Isle State Park, and the Village of Morattico Historic District.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (600 km2), of which 133 square miles (340 km2) is land and 98 square miles (250 km2) (42.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17905,638
18005,375−4.7%
18105,5924.0%
18205,517−1.3%
18304,801−13.0%
18404,628−3.6%
18504,7081.7%
18605,1519.4%
18705,3554.0%
18806,16015.0%
18907,19116.7%
19008,94924.4%
19109,7529.0%
19209,7570.1%
19308,896−8.8%
19408,786−1.2%
19508,640−1.7%
19609,1746.2%
19709,126−0.5%
198010,12911.0%
199010,8967.6%
200011,5676.2%
201011,391−1.5%
Est. 201610,972[4]−3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 11,567 people, 5,004 households, and 3,412 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 6,498 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.95% White, 28.88% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,004 households out of which 21.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.00% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 19.60% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, and 28.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 86.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.50 males.

Type of workers for this country are: Private wage or salary (72%); Government (15%); and Self-employed (12%).[10] The median income for a household in the county was $33,239, and the median income for a family was $42,957. Males had a median income of $30,592 versus $23,039 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,663. Approximately 9.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Lancaster County is governed by a five-member board of supervisors. The board meets in the Lancaster County Administration Building at 7 p.m. on the last Thursday of every month. The Administration building is located at 8311 Mary Ball Road in Lancaster, Virginia.[11]

Board of Supervisors[edit]

  • District 1: Jack Larson (R)
  • District 2: Ernest W. Palin, Jr. (I)
  • District 3: Jason D. Bellows, Vice Chair (I)
  • District 4: William R. Lee, Chair (I)
  • District 5: Robert S. Westbrook, DDS (I)

Constitutional officers[edit]

  • Clerk of the Circuit Court: Diane H. Mumford (I)
  • Commissioner of the Revenue: Marlon Savoy
  • Commonwealth Attorney: Jan Smith (D)
  • Sheriff: Patrick McCranie (R)
  • Treasurer: Bonnie J.D. Haynie

Lancaster is represented by Republican Ryan T. McDougle in the Virginia Senate, Republican Margaret Bevans Ransone in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Robert J. "Rob" Wittman in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 53.0% 3,523 43.2% 2,869 3.8% 253
2012 53.9% 3,753 45.2% 3,149 0.9% 59
2008 52.6% 3,647 46.6% 3,235 0.8% 56
2004 59.8% 3,724 39.8% 2,477 0.5% 29
2000 62.5% 3,411 35.5% 1,937 2.0% 107
1996 55.4% 2,709 37.7% 1,844 7.0% 340
1992 51.4% 2,841 32.8% 1,812 15.8% 875
1988 67.0% 3,380 30.8% 1,551 2.2% 112
1984 67.7% 3,416 30.9% 1,559 1.4% 69
1980 61.0% 2,780 34.4% 1,567 4.6% 210
1976 58.4% 2,381 38.8% 1,581 2.8% 112
1972 71.6% 2,683 26.9% 1,009 1.4% 53
1968 44.9% 1,640 31.1% 1,134 24.0% 876
1964 57.1% 1,663 42.8% 1,245 0.1% 3
1960 59.6% 1,340 39.8% 895 0.7% 15
1956 70.7% 1,380 19.1% 373 10.2% 200
1952 61.5% 1,228 37.7% 753 0.8% 16
1948 39.1% 459 47.7% 560 13.2% 155
1944 36.8% 390 62.8% 666 0.5% 5
1940 30.6% 317 68.6% 711 0.8% 8
1936 31.8% 322 68.0% 689 0.3% 3
1932 29.3% 272 68.9% 639 1.7% 16
1928 62.3% 520 37.7% 315
1924 13.5% 90 84.4% 564 2.1% 14
1920 25.3% 138 74.0% 404 0.7% 4
1916 11.1% 58 88.3% 461 0.6% 3
1912 14.0% 82 82.0% 479 3.9% 23

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Outskirts of Lively, in Lancaster County

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Landmarks and attractions[edit]

Lancaster County is home to the historic church of St. Mary's, Whitechapel, founded in 1669. Mary Ball Washington, mother of George Washington, was born in the parish of St. Mary's. Rappahannock General Hospital is in Kilmarnock, it is the only hospital on the Northern Neck. Other attractions are:

  • 850 Christ Church Road
  • King Carter Golf Course,
  • Golden Eagle Golf Course,
  • Irvington Steamboat Museum,
  • Indian Creek Yacht and Country Club,
  • The Tides Inn Resort Hotel,
  • White Stone Beach,
  • Windmill Point Beach,
  • Chesapeake Boat Basin Marina,
  • Belle Isle State Park,
  • Chilton Woods State Forest,
  • Carters Cove Marina,
  • Kellum Seafood Oyster House,
  • Rappahannock River Yacht Club,
  • Ampro Shipyard,
  • Historic Christ Church,

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. ^ "Lancaster County, Virginia detailed profile - houses, real estate, cost of living, wages, work, agriculture, ancestries, and more". www.city-data.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  11. ^ www.lancova.com Retrieved 17 May 2014 Archived 17 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018.

Coordinates: 37°43′N 76°25′W / 37.71°N 76.41°W / 37.71; -76.41