Lancaster Moor Hospital
|Lancaster Moor Hospital|
The 1816 building in 2008
|Location||Lancaster, Lancashire, England|
|Official name||Moor Hospital, Blocks 40, 41, 42, 44 and 46|
|Designated||24 January 1994|
|Official name||Moor Hospital, New Block|
|Designated||24 January 1994|
|Official name||Boundary walls, railings, gates and gate piers at Lancaster Moor Hospital|
|Designated||13 September 2006|
Lancaster Moor Hospital, formerly the Lancaster County Lunatic Asylum and Lancaster County Mental Hospital, was a mental hospital in Lancaster, Lancashire, England, which closed in 2000 (the mental health departments may have left in 1991, but others remained).
The main building, which was designed by Thomas Standen, was opened as the First Lancashire County Asylum in 1816. A further building, which was designed by Arnold W. Kershaw in the gothic style and known as "the Annexe", was completed in 1883 and is grade II listed as are its walls, railings, and gateways. The hospital's chapel, which was designed by Edward Graham Paley, was built in 1866 and is grade II listed.
Campbell House, a facility for paying "gentlemen" patients, was completed in 1909 and the Ladies' Villa, a facility for paying "lady" patients, was completed in 1916.
The hospital was a pioneering site for the humane treatment of the mentally ill with the introduction of treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The writer Alan Bennett describes his mother's treatment in the hospital in his memoirs.
Following the introduction of Care in the Community in the early 1980s, the hospital went into a period of decline and closed in 2000; the Annexe and chapel have since been converted into apartments, and houses are being built in the grounds.
- Grade II* listed buildings in Lancashire
- Listed buildings in Lancaster, Lancashire
- Prestwich Hospital, the second Lancashire County Asylum
- Rainhill Hospital, the third Lancashire County Asylum
- Whittingham Hospital, the fourth Lancashire County Asylum
- Lewis, Samuel (1848). "'Lambley - Lancaster', in A Topographical Dictionary of England". London: British History Online. pp. 6–17. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Historic England. "Moor Hospital, New Block (1195079)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Historic England. "Boundary walls, railings, gates and gate piers at Lancaster Moor Hospital (1391761)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Historic England. "Church of St Michael, Moor Hospital (1289454)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Lancaster Moor". County Asylums. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- Woodend, Joscelin (18 December 2013). "The Evolution of the Treatment of the Mentally Ill: How Lancaster County Lunatic Asylum Changed the Face of Treatment". New Histories The free online History magazine. 5 (2). Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Riley, Sue (5 February 2013). "Lancaster's Moor Hospital to be transformed in multi-million pound housing property development". Lancashire Life. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Law, Cally (4 May 2014). "Asylum seekers". Sunday Times. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lancaster Moor Hospital.|
- "Lancaster Moor Hospital, Lancaster". Hospital Records Database. The National Archives. Retrieved 2 July 2014. Index of locations of records of the hospital
- Williams, Amanda (7 August 2013). "Forgotten medical records, theatre lights and abandoned wards: An eerie look inside what remains of a derelict 19th century hospital". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2 July 2014. Photographs of the hospital buildings in 2013