Lancaster railway station

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Lancaster
National Rail
2015 at Lancaster station - main building.JPG
LocationLancaster, City of Lancaster
United Kingdom
Coordinates54°02′53″N 2°48′25″W / 54.048°N 2.807°W / 54.048; -2.807Coordinates: 54°02′53″N 2°48′25″W / 54.048°N 2.807°W / 54.048; -2.807
Grid referenceSD472617
Managed byAvanti West Coast
Platforms5
Other information
Station codeLAN
ClassificationDfT category B
History
Original companyLancaster and Carlisle Railway
Pre-groupingLondon and North Western Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
Key dates
22 September 1846Opened as Lancaster Castle[1]
1902Remodelled
5 May 1969Renamed Lancaster[1]
Passengers
2014/15Increase 2.004 million[2]
2015/16Increase 2.034 million[2]
2016/17Increase 2.147 million[2]
2017/18Decrease 2.143 million[2]
2018/19Decrease 2.123 million[2]

Lancaster railway station (formerly known as Lancaster Castle railway station) is a railway station that serves the city of Lancaster in Lancashire, England. It is one of the principal stations on the West Coast Main Line. It is located 20 miles 78 chains (33.76 km) from Preston and is the zero point for mileages onward to Carlisle.[3]

History[edit]

The 1852 extension includes a relief carving of the coat of arms of Lancaster.

Originally known as 'Lancaster Castle Station' in order to distinguish it from the first Lancaster Station (1840–1849), Lancaster station was officially opened on 21 September 1846. The first public service ran into the station on 17 December the same year. The station was built as the southern terminus of the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway after the initial planned route for the line - which would have followed the Lancaster Canal and crossing the River Lune from Ladies Walk to Skerton - was changed in favour of a cheaper route west of the city.

The station was remodelled in 1900-1906 when additional lines and platforms were added and further station buildings constructed.[4] The new buildings were styled mock-Elizabethan with the intention of mirroring the battlements of the nearby Lancaster Castle. Platforms 5 and 6 (on the east side of the station) were electrified in 1908 to serve the now-closed Midland Railway route to Morecambe and Heysham. This line closed in January 1966 and the overhead line equipment was removed.

The track layout in the station area was rationalised in 1973 when control of the signalling was transferred to the new Preston Power Signal Box. This included the removal of the track from Platform 6, although this platform had seen no regular use for some time prior to this. The West Coast Main Line through Lancaster was electrified in 1974, and regular electric passenger services recommenced at the station 7 May 1974.

Description[edit]

The main building constructed in 1846 by William Tite was situated on the west side of the line in Tudor Revival style using roughly squared sandstone rubble. This two-storey building was extended southwards in 1852 in similar style although this section terminated in a tower of three storeys. A new entrance was constructed in 1900 on the eastern side of the line at footbridge level; this is nearer the town and houses the remaining ticket office.[4]

The booking office is open throughout the week, closing only in the late evening (ticket machines are also available). A full range of facilities is offered, including a newsagents whilst there is also a buffet, waiting rooms and toilets on both sides and lifts between the footbridge and platforms.[5] The station is therefore fully accessible for disabled passengers. The entrance through the original building remains open. This opens onto Platform 3 which is mostly used by northbound services. Two bay platforms to the north of this are used by terminating trains off the various branches to Heysham Port, Barrow-in-Furness and the Cumbria Coast Line, Morecambe, Windermere and Leeds.

Two through lines without platforms separate these three platforms from the remainder of the station; these are used by non-stop passenger services and freight trains. Beyond is Platform 4, which is the principal one used by southbound trains but as with platform 3 it can be used for trains going on both directions. This is an island platform with a second face, Platform 5, which can be used by both northbound and southbound trains or by terminating services. All platforms are signalled for arrivals and departures in either direction. Opposite Platform 5 are the remains of Platform 6 which has no track and has been out of use for many years.

Services[edit]

A Virgin service to London, arriving at platform 4

Lancaster is served by several train operators.

Avanti West Coast operate express trains from London Euston to Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central using Class 390 Pendolinos, and Class 221 Super Voyagers. Early morning or late evening services to/from Edinburgh/Glasgow Central or Carlisle or Lancaster start or terminate at Birmingham New Street and peak services to and from London Euston terminate and start at Lancaster or Carlisle. A few services to/from Crewe also terminate/start at Lancaster. These services normally use platforms 3 and 4.[6]

A First TransPennine Express Class 350, at platform 4, waiting to travel south

TransPennine Express operate regional express services from Manchester Airport, Liverpool Lime Street and Preston to Edinburgh and Glasgow Central via the West Coast Main Line using Class 397 EMUs. These services also use platforms 3 and 4.[7]

Northern operate local & regional services along the Furness Line to Barrow-in-Furness and then onto Carlisle via the Cumbria Coast Line, to Windermere via Oxenholme and the Windermere Branch Line (since the April 2016 franchise changeover), the Morecambe Branch Line to Morecambe and Heysham and the Leeds to Morecambe Line to Skipton and Leeds. These services are operated using DMUs of Classes 142, 150, 153, 156 and 195s.[8] Through services use the same platforms as Avanti West Coast and TransPennine Express trains, whilst those starting & terminating here mostly use platforms 1, 2 and 5. One Northern Trains service a day travels to Morecambe via Carnforth (which also later forms the later daily service to Heysham Port) - to connect with the daytime Isle of Man Steampacket service to Douglas (with nuclear flask trains being the main user of the Heysham branch).


Morecambe,
Lancaster & Heysham Port
Bare Lane
Morecambe
Heysham Port
ferry/water interchange
Lancaster
Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Avanti West Coast
TransPennine Express
TransPennine Express
Northern TrainsTerminus
Northern Trains
TerminusNorthern Trains
Carnforth   Northern Trains
Barrow-in-Furness - Manchester Airport
  Preston
Oxenholme Lake District   Northern Trains
Windermere - Manchester Airport
 


  Historical railways  
Hest Bank   Furness Railway   Terminus
Hest Bank   London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
  Galgate
Disused railways
Lancaster Green Ayre   Midland Railway
"Little" North Western Railway
  Terminus
Ashton Hall   London and North Western Railway
Glasson Dock branch line
  Terminus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  2. ^ a b c d e Annual estimated intercity rail passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at this station from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ Yonge, John; Padgett, David; Szwenk, John (August 2013) [1990]. Bridge, Mike (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 4: Midlands & North West (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. maps 28A, 28C, 29A, 29B, 29C. ISBN 978-0-9549866-7-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. ^ a b "Railway Station Building, Lancaster". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  5. ^ Lancaster station facilities National Rail Enquiries
  6. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 65 (Network Rail)
  7. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 82 (Network Rail)
  8. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Tables 42, 82 and 98 (Network Rail)

External links[edit]